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Results 21 - 40 of 47.

Economics / Business - 17.01.2022
Working in isolated environments enables culture of bullying among elite chefs
Bullying, violence and aggressive behaviour among chefs employed in fine dining restaurants is enabled by their working environments, research from Cardiff University has found. The study shows how working in closed, hidden away kitchen environments left chefs feeling isolated and led to a sense that they could act in ways that would not be possible elsewhere.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.01.2022
Link between brain cell development and risk of schizophrenia
Scientists from Cardiff University have discovered new links between the breakdown in brain cell development and the risk of schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders. Genetic risk factors are known to disrupt brain development in a number of these disorders, but little is known about which aspects of this process are affected.

Environment - 13.01.2022
Damaging microplastic particles stay trapped in rivers
Damaging microplastic particles stay trapped in rivers
Share this page Share on Twitter Share on facebook Share on linkedin Share on email Swirling river waters can trap lightweight microplastics that otherwise might be expected to float - depositing them in riverbeds where it can take up to seven years to transport them just a kilometre further towards the ocean, a new study reveals.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 13.01.2022
'Slushy' magma ocean led to formation of the Moon's crust
’Slushy’ magma ocean led to formation of the Moon’s crust
Scientists have shown how the freezing of a 'slushy' ocean of magma may be responsible for the composition of the Moon's crust. Cooling of the early magma ocean drove such vigorous convection that crystals remained suspended as a slurry, like the crystals in a slushy machine. Jerome Neufeld The scientists, from the University of Cambridge and the Ecole normale supérieure de Lyon, have proposed a new model of crystallisation, where crystals remained suspended in liquid magma over hundreds of millions of years as the lunar 'slush' froze and solidified.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 13.01.2022
Promising novel treatment for Dry Eye Disease revealed by new research
Promising novel treatment for Dry Eye Disease revealed by new research
The University of Manchester, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Link Biologics Limited today announced that promising preclinical data on the treatment of Dry Eye Disease using a novel protein biological drug, Link_TSG6, have been published in the peer-reviewed journal, Ocular Surface .

Social Sciences - 13.01.2022
Greenspace outside prison walls has a positive effect on prisoner wellbeing
Share this page Share on Twitter Share on facebook Share on linkedin Share on email Prisoners who are incarcerated in buildings located in green areas are less likely to engage in self-harming or violent behaviours, new research shows. According to a study by researchers at the Universities of Birmingham and Utrecht, green areas outside prisons can have a positive effect on wellbeing, alongside the proven positive effects of greenspace inside the prison walls.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.01.2022
Mosquitoes’ mating game discovery provides new clues to combat malaria
Male mosquitoes beat their wings faster when swarming at sunset to better detect females and increase their chance of reproducing, finds a novel study led by UCL scientists. Published in  Science Advances , the findings provide a vital new insight into how mosquitoes, driven by their internal circadian clock, combine changes in wing beats with their acute auditory senses to successfully mate.

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 13.01.2022
University of Glasgow researchers lend support to major Martian meteorite study
Researchers from the School of Geographical & Earth Sciences have contributed to a new study ­of a Martian meteorite which could provide insights into the reactions that led to the building blocks of life on early Earth. The study, led by the Carnegie Institution for Science and , demonstrates that organic molecules found in a meteorite that hurtled to Earth from Mars were synthesized during interactions between water and rocks that occurred on the Red Planet about 4 billion years ago.

Health - 13.01.2022
Face masks ’make wearers look more attractive’
Face masks. Two words that have prompted furious debate during the COVID-19 pandemic. The discussion just isn't going away - and now Cardiff University experts have discovered a surprising new reason to mask up. They have published new research which suggests protective face masks make wearers look more attractive.

Physics - Pharmacology - 13.01.2022
Keeping up with the first law of robotics: A new photonic effect for accelerated drug discovery
Keeping up with the first law of robotics: A new photonic effect for accelerated drug discovery
Physicists at the University of Bath and University of Michigan demonstrate a new photonic effect in semiconducting nanohelices. A new photonic effect in semiconducting helical particles with nanoscale dimensions has been discovered by an international team of scientists led by researchers at the University of Bath.

Health - Social Sciences - 12.01.2022
New article on evidence and literature around COVID-19 and water demand
COVID-19 has had unprecedented impacts across the international community, with complex and far-reaching consequences. Measures to prevent transmission have led to substantial changes to everyday life, with lock-downs, stay-at-home orders and guidance lead This movement of activity has had profound impacts on daily practices, affecting the consumption of resources including water.

Astronomy / Space Science - 12.01.2022
International collaboration offers new evidence of a gravitational wave background
International collaboration offers new evidence of a gravitational wave background
Share this page Share on Twitter Share on facebook Share on linkedin Share on email The results of a comprehensive search for a background of ultra-low frequency gravitational waves has been announced by an international team of astronomers including scientists from the Institute for Gravitational Wave Astronomy at the University of Birmingham.

Earth Sciences - 12.01.2022
SUERC contributes to new study dating earliest human remains in eastern Africa
The age of the oldest fossils in eastern Africa widely recognised as representing our species, Homo sapiens, has long been uncertain. Now, dating of a massive volcanic eruption in Ethiopia reveals they are much older than previously thought. The remains - known as Omo I - were found in Ethiopia in the late 1960s, and scientists have been attempting to date them precisely ever since, by using the chemical fingerprints of volcanic ash layers found above and below the sediments in which the fossils were found.

Health - Social Sciences - 11.01.2022
Simple screening for common lung disease could relieve millions globally
The global burden of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), a group of common lung conditions that affects more than 300* million people, could be significantly reduced with a simple health assessment, concludes a large-scale international study led by UCL researchers. COPD includes serious lung conditions, such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis, and is the world's third leading cause of morbidity with more than three million deaths a year.

Social Sciences - Environment - 10.01.2022
Roles, responsibilities and capacities: Theorizing space, social practice, and the relational constitution of energy demand in and beyond Manchester
In a new journal article Dr Torik Holmes introduces a novel relational-space-inspired approach for exploring how cities become energy demanding sites over time. Urban energy transitions have increasingly formed a central topic of research over the past two decades. This is, in part, because 'modern urbanised societies are massively dependent on energy' - cities are understood to account for close to '75% of global carbon dioxide emissions and 75% of energy consumption'.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 10.01.2022
Study sheds new light on postgraduate researchers’ wellbeing
Postgraduate researchers at UK universities suffer from high rates of mental ill-health, with female, non-binary and LGBTQ+ communities faring particularly badly, new research suggests. The findings, published in the journal Current Psychology , are drawn from a survey of 479 postgraduate researchers (PGRs) working at 48 UK universities.

Paleontology - Life Sciences - 10.01.2022
Jurassic Giant - The Largest Marine Reptile Skeleton Ever Unearthed in Britain
Jurassic Giant - The Largest Marine Reptile Skeleton Ever Unearthed in Britain
The fossilised remains of Britain's largest ichthyosaur, colloquially known as a 'Sea Dragon', have been discovered at the Rutland Water Nature Reserve, owned and run by Anglian Water. It is the biggest and most complete skeleton of its kind found to date in the UK and is also thought to be the first ichthyosaur of its species found in the country.

Health - Computer Science - 07.01.2022
Diets: how scientists discovered that one size doesn't fit all
Diets: how scientists discovered that one size doesn’t fit all
If you ate too much over the festive season, you may well be thinking about a healthy diet plan for 2022. But as anyone who has ever dieted knows, there are countless options out there. Right now, we're in the midst of a revolutionary time for understanding the human body, and so the question arises: can new science tell us which diet plan is best for losing weight? Many diets originate in a system for rating foods according to the effect they have on our blood sugar level.

Social Sciences - 07.01.2022
Celebrities are more protected from cyberabuse than ordinary people due to their attractiveness
Celebrities and famous people are seen as more "attractive" which helps to protect them much more than ordinary people when they are cyberabused, new research has revealed. While being a celebrity doesn't make them immune from the cyberbullies, when they do become targets of the trolls these incidents were seen as much more severe than those involving other people.

Social Sciences - Health - 07.01.2022
Smokers become lonelier than non-smokers as they get older
Smokers become lonelier than non-smokers as they get older
Smokers may become more socially isolated and lonely than non-smokers as they get older, according to a new study co-led by UCL researchers that suggests the idea of smoking as a sociable pastime may be a myth. Previous research has found that people who are isolated and lonely are more likely to smoke.