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Pharmacology - Health - 26.10.2021
Specific cell population plays a key role in the affect arthritis has on the body and the pain patients feel
Specific cell population plays a key role in the affect arthritis has on the body and the pain patients feel, study finds Scientists at the University of Birmingham have led a study which has identified a new specific population of cells that plays a key role in the affect arthritis has on the body and the subsequent pain felt by patients.

Health - Social Sciences - 26.10.2021
Scotland’s Long COVID study encourages public to participate if invited
Researchers involved in a major COVID-19 study - launched in Scotland earlier in the year to understand the long-term health of people who have had COVID-19 - are encouraging the public to participate if they receive a new invitation.

Health - Life Sciences - 26.10.2021
A gut feeling: understanding how our gut microbiome communicates with our immune system
A gut feeling: understanding how our gut microbiome communicates with our immune system
Scientists identify a new link between certain molecules produced by the microbiome and the function of a protein that impacts gut inflammation. Last updated on Tuesday 2 November 2021 An international team of scientists has identified a new connection between certain molecules produced by the microbiome and the function of a protein that impacts gut inflammation.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.10.2021
Sharpest images ever reveal the patchy face of living bacteria
The sharpest images ever of living bacteria have been recorded by UCL researchers, revealing the complex architecture of the protective layer that surrounds many bacteria and makes them harder to be killed by antibiotics. The study, published today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA and done in collaboration with scientists at National Physical Laboratory, King's College London, University of Oxford and Princeton University, reveals that bacteria with protective outer layers - called Gram-negative bacteria - may have stronger and weaker spots on their surface.

Health - Social Sciences - 22.10.2021
Unplanned pregnancies nearly doubled during lockdown
There were nearly twice as many unplanned pregnancies during the first lockdown compared to before, finds a major study led by researchers from UCL and University College London Hospital. The study, published today in BMJ Sexual and Reproductive Health, is the first to assess changes in women's self-reported access to contraception as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.10.2021
Policymakers must prepare for pandemics as if readying for war
Policymakers must prepare for pandemics as if readying for war
Politicians and businesses must treat pandemics as if their country is preparing for war - they are too focused on the current pandemic and not paying enough attention to developing strategies to lessen the impact of the next one, researchers reveal.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.10.2021
Lab-grown 'mini brains' hint at treatments for neurodegenerative diseases | University of Cambridge
Lab-grown ’mini brains’ hint at treatments for neurodegenerative diseases | University of Cambridge
Cambridge researchers have developed 'mini brains' that allow them to study a fatal and untreatable neurological disorder causing paralysis and dementia - and for the first time have been able to grow these for almost a year.

Health - 20.10.2021
The key to understanding asthma may lie in our body clock
Our body clock allows bodily processes to occur at certain times of the day, like eating, sleeping and body temperature. But did you know that monitoring a person's body clock (or circadian rhythm) could help diagnose and treat asthma? New research supported by Asthma UK, a charity which provides health advice and a helpline to people with asthma as well as funding research into the condition, has revealed that asthma is "highly rhythmic", meaning it is impacted by a person's body clock.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.10.2021
DNA tangles can help predict evolution of mutations
DNA tangles can help predict evolution of mutations
Researchers from the Milner Centre for Evolution have identified evolutionary hotspots in DNA where mutations are more likely. Last updated on Tuesday 19 October 2021 Tangles in unwound DNA can create mutational hotspots in the genomes of bacteria, according to a new study by the Milner Centre for Evolution at the University of Bath.

Health - Research Management - 15.10.2021
Contraceptive pill can reduce type 2 diabetes risk in women with polycystic ovary syndrome, finds study
A study led by the University of Birmingham has revealed for the first time that the contraceptive pill can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes by over a quarter in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The research findings also show that women with PCOS have twice the risk of developing type 2 diabetes or pre-diabetes (dysglycemia) - highlighting the urgent need to find treatments to reduce this risk.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.10.2021
Delhi outbreak highlights challenge of herd immunity in the face of Delta variant | University of Cambridge
Delhi outbreak highlights challenge of herd immunity in the face of Delta variant | University of Cambridge
The severe outbreak of COVID-19 in Delhi, India, in 2021 showed not only that the Delta variant of SARS-CoV2 is extremely transmissible but that it can infect individuals previously infected by a different variant of the coronavirus, say a team of international scientists writing in Science .

Health - Life Sciences - 14.10.2021
Severe Delhi outbreak highlights challenge of reaching herd immunity in face of Delta variant | University of Cambridge
Severe Delhi outbreak highlights challenge of reaching herd immunity in face of Delta variant | University of Cambridge
The severe outbreak of COVID-19 in Delhi, India, in 2021 showed not only that the Delta variant of SARS-CoV2 is extremely transmissible but that it can infect individuals previously infected by a different variant of the coronavirus, say a team of international scientists writing in Science .

Health - Event - 14.10.2021
Research on detecting cancer in primary care wins RCGP Research Paper of the Year award
Dr Garth Funston and colleagues including professor Emma Crosbie from The University of Manchester have won the 2020 Research Paper of the Year for Clinical Research, awarded by the Royal College of General Practitioners, for their paper on detecting cancers in primary care. The research shows that CA125, a simple blood test available in primary care, is useful for ovarian cancer detection in symptomatic women attending their GP and could help identify other types of cancer.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.10.2021
Lateral flow tests detect most people at risk of transmitting Covid-19
Lateral flow tests are more accurate than previously reported and cannot be compared directly to how PCR tests work, finds a new paper led by UCL researchers. The peer-reviewed paper, published today in Clinical Epidemiology, uses a new formula to show that lateral flow tests (LFTs) are likely more than 80% effective at detecting any level of Covid-19 infection and likely more than 90% effective at detecting those who are most infectious when using the test.

Health - Psychology - 12.10.2021
Ground-breaking trial prevents loneliness among older people during COVID
A simple form of talking therapy, delivered by trained support workers over the telephone, reduced loneliness in older people left isolated during the pandemic, the initial results of a new study has revealed. People were contacted weekly and were encouraged to maintain their social contacts and to stick to a daily schedule, which included both routine and enjoyable activities.

Social Sciences - Health - 12.10.2021
Older adults across the globe are more willing to help others, but mostly those in the same country
Older adults around the world are more willing to donate to charity than younger people, but will prioritise charitable organisations operating within their own country, new research finds. Older adults also had stronger self-reported preferences for their 'in-group' - people in the same country. They were more likely to report identifying with their country and agreed more strongly with statements such as "My country deserves special treatment".

Health - Life Sciences - 08.10.2021
Alzheimer’s and Covid-19 share a genetic risk factor
A gene that impacts the risk of both Alzheimer's disease and severe Covid-19 has been identified by a UCL-led research team. The researchers estimate that one genetic variant of the OAS1 gene increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease by about 3-6% in the population as a whole, while related variants on the same gene increase the likelihood of severe Covid-19 outcomes.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.10.2021
Signs of Alzheimer’s disease may be detectable before significant symptoms are obvious
Healthy people with a higher genetic risk of Alzheimer's disease may show differences in brain structure and in cognitive test scores relating to reasoning and attention, according to a new study. The University of Glasgow research - published today - suggests that, although the association between these differences in people with a higher genetic risk of Alzheimer's disease were small, the link suggests signs of the devastating disease may be detectable before significant symptoms are obvious.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.10.2021
Potential cognitive benefits of major Alzheimer's risk gene
Potential cognitive benefits of major Alzheimer’s risk gene
A well-known gene that increases Alzheimer's risk, called APOE4, has now been linked with better visual working memory in older adults, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. Joint senior author Professor Jonathan Schott (Dementia Research Centre, UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology) said: "We have long known that possession of an APOE4 risk gene increases risk for Alzheimer's disease, but the exact mechanism by which it does so remains uncertain.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.10.2021
Simple, low cost tests could help China’s battle to identify COPD sufferers
Researchers working with primary care patients in China have discovered that a simple questionnaire and airflow measurement test could identify adults suffering with undiagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a new study funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) reveals.