news 2021



Results 101 - 120 of 557.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.10.2021
Implantable tech could be a game-changer for heart patients
Implantable heart technology is being used in Manchester to assess when a patient is at high risk of dying, thanks to University of Manchester and Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust -led research. The implantable pacemakers and defibrillators contain multiple sensors that allow continuous monitoring of a patient's heart health, 24 hours a day.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.10.2021
Video games can have similar health benefits to jogging
Video games can have similar health benefits to jogging
Active video games could be a motivating way for Type 1 diabetics to keep active and help manage their condition. Last updated on Wednesday 6 October 2021 Active video games have similar positive health effects on the body as traditional exercises, such as jogging on a treadmill, according to a new study.

Health - 05.10.2021
One in seven patients miss cancer surgery during COVID lockdowns - study
One in seven patients miss cancer surgery during COVID lockdowns - study
One in seven cancer patients around the world have missed out on potentially life-saving operations during COVID-19 lockdowns, a new study reveals. Planned cancer surgery was affected by lockdowns regardless of the local COVID-19 rates at that time, with patients in lower income countries at highest risk of missing their surgery.

Pharmacology - Health - 05.10.2021
Campaign could reduce risk of UK opioid ’epidemic’
A campaign that urged GPs to 'think-twice' before putting a patient on opioid medicines is effective in reducing opioid prescribing in primary care, according to the findings of a major study by researchers from the University of Leeds, the University of Manchester and NHS Bradford Districts Clinical Commissioning Group, West Yorkshire.

Health - 05.10.2021
Worm mothers provide milk for their young
As worm mothers age, they secrete a milk-like fluid through their vulva that is consumed by their offspring and supports their growth, according to a new study led by UCL researchers. Scientists say the discovery, published , shows both a selfless and sacrificial act, and helps to explain a number of mysteries about the biology of ageing in the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans , widely studied to understand how organisms age.

Health - Psychology - 04.10.2021
Pandemic affects pregnancy health whether mums catch Covid or not
UK leading pregnancy charity Tommy's warns that pandemic pressures can take a physical toll on mums-to-be - even if they don't personally catch Covid-19, following new research, published in the medical journal Placenta co-authored by University of Manchester scientists An international study of 115 mums who gave birth during the pandemic shows far more physical abnormalities in the placenta (baby's support system in the womb) than doctors would expect to see in a pre-2020 pregnancy.

Environment - Health - 04.10.2021
One-third of people globally will still rely on polluting cooking fuels in 2030
Almost one-in-three people around the world will still be mainly using polluting cooking fuels and technologies- a major source of disease and environmental destruction and devastation - in 2030, new research warned. This rises to more than four-in-five in Sub-Saharan Africa, where the number of people mainly using polluting fuels is growing at an alarming rate.

Health - Psychology - 01.10.2021
Cannabis users at ’much higher’ risk of developing poor mental health
Those with a recorded history of cannabis use in general practice records are at a much higher risk of developing mental ill health problems such as anxiety or depression as well as severe mental illnesses, new research shows. The findings point to the need for a public health approach to the management of people misusing cannabis, including the need to emphasise the importance of general practitioners to continue enquiring about recreational drug use.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.09.2021
Higher rates of mutation alone are not to blame for age-related disease
Small mutations accumulating in DNA are unlikely to be fully responsible for the ageing process, finds a new study carried out in collaboration with the University of Birmingham. The research into the theories of ageing found that human cells and tissues can accumulate many more mutations than are normally present, without the body showing the features associated with ageing.

Health - Psychology - 30.09.2021
People with prior mental ill health hit harder by pandemic disruption
People who had higher pre-pandemic levels of depression or anxiety have been more severely affected by disruption to jobs and healthcare during the pandemic, according to a new study co-led by UCL researchers. The study, published in The British Journal of Psychiatry and funded by UKRI, looked at data from 59,482 people who are surveyed regularly as part of 12 ongoing longitudinal studies in England.

Pharmacology - Health - 30.09.2021
Staying on long-term antidepressants reduces risk of relapse
When people stop taking antidepressants after a long period of use, just over half (56%) experience a relapse within a year, compared to 39% of those who stay on medication, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The researchers say their findings, published in The New England Journal of Medicine , can help doctors and patients to make an informed decision together on whether or not to stop their antidepressants after recovery from a depressive episode.

Health - Psychology - 29.09.2021
Over a third of COVID-19 patients diagnosed with at least one long-COVID symptom
37% of people had at least one long-COVID symptom diagnosed in the 3-6 month period after COVID-19 infection. The most common symptoms were breathing problems, abdominal symptoms, fatigue, pain and anxiety/depression. This new study from the University of Oxford and the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Oxford Health Biomedical Research Centre (BRC) investigated long-COVID in over 270,000 people recovering from COVID-19 infection, using data from the US-based TriNetX electronic health record network.

Health - Pharmacology - 29.09.2021
New cancer ’inhibitor’ could lead to improved treatment options
Researchers have discovered a potential advancement in the treatment of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), which they hope will one day offer an improved option for treating patients with this form of blood cancer. The study- published today in Science Translational Medicine and led by the University of Glasgow in collaboration with LifeArc - has discovered a potential 'autophagy inhibitor' which, when used in combination with current cancer therapies, could lead to better treatment options for CML cancer patients.

Health - Economics - 28.09.2021
Study suggests R rate for tracking pandemic should be dropped in favour of 'nowcasts' | University of Cambridge
Study suggests R rate for tracking pandemic should be dropped in favour of ’nowcasts’ | University of Cambridge
When the COVID-19 pandemic emerged in 2020, the R rate became well-known shorthand for the reproduction of the disease. Yet a new study suggests it's time for 'A Farewell to R' in favour of a different approach based on the growth rate of infection rather than contagiousness.

Psychology - Health - 28.09.2021
Psychological factors impact adherence and violation of pandemic restrictions
How well people adhered to restrictions during the UK's Covid-19 lockdowns varied depending on their learning and decision-making styles, finds a study led by researchers at UCL and Royal Holloway, University of London. The study, published in Scientific Reports , reveals that multiple psychological factors predicted how people responded to the first national lockdown in spring 2020.

Social Sciences - Health - 28.09.2021
Youngest children are least willing to have COVID-19 jab
In a large school-based survey of students from 9-18-years-old (Years 5 to 13), researchers from the University of Oxford, UCL and the University of Cambridge have discovered that the younger you are, the less likely you are to want a COVID-19 vaccination. Writing in  EClinicalMedicine , the authors present the results of the OxWell School Survey 2021, finding that 36% of 9-year-olds are willing to have a COVID-19 vaccination, compared to 51% of 13-year-olds, and 78% of 17-year-olds.

Health - Social Sciences - 28.09.2021
Youngest youngsters least willing to get COVID-19 jab
36% of 9-year-olds and 51% of 13-year-olds say they are willing to have a COVID-19 vaccination compared to 78% of 17-year-olds, finds a major study co-led by UCL, the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. The study, published today in EClinicalMedicine, is the only large-scale study to ask children and adolescents about their willingness to be vaccinated against COVID-19 and found that the younger you are the less likely you are to want a COVID-19 vaccination.

Health - 28.09.2021
Why some individuals have stronger natural defences against SARS-COV-2
Scientists discover why some individuals have stronger natural defences against SARS-COV-2 A new study has revealed key insights into the natural human antiviral defences against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. The research, published and led by a team of scientists at the MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, sheds new light on why some people are naturally more resistant to serious SARS-CoV-2 infection - and how, in the future, the coronavirus might overcome this resistance.

Life Sciences - Health - 28.09.2021
Machine learning can predict which animal viruses risk infecting humans
Scientists have developed a new machine learning method that can accurately predict which animal viruses could go on to infect humans in the future, using only information encoded in the viral genome. Most emerging infectious diseases of humans are caused by 'zoonotic' viruses that originate from other animal species.

Health - Life Sciences - 24.09.2021
New cause of inherited heart condition discovered
A UCL-led research team has identified a new gene as a cause of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, an inherited heart condition affecting one in 500 people. The discovery, published in the European Heart Journal , provides a new causal explanation for 1-2% of adults with the condition. (In the UK, this is approx. 1,250-2,500 people.