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Environment - Astronomy / Space - 14.05.2021
New report highlights satellite observation as vital to tackling climate change
Professor Marian Scott of the School of Mathematics and Statistics is one of the co-authors of a new briefing paper from the COP26 Universities Network. Although the UK is at the forefront of developing and harnessing technology to turn Earth Observation (EO) data into actionable information, more education and training is needed to maximise its potential and help the world to meet challenging climate targets.

Paleontology - Environment - 14.05.2021
Herbivores developed powerful jaws to digest tougher plants following the Mass Extinctions
Herbivores developed powerful jaws to digest tougher plants following the Mass Extinctions
The evolution of herbivores is linked to the plants that survived and adapted after the 'great dying', when over 90% of the world's species were wiped out 252 million years ago. Researchers at the University of Bristol found that plant eaters diversified quickly after mass extinctions to eat different kinds of plants, and the ones that were able to chew harsher materials, which reflected the drying conditions of the late Triassic, became the most successful.

Environment - 14.05.2021
Trace gases from ocean are source of particles accelerating Antarctic climate change
Trace gases from ocean are source of particles accelerating Antarctic climate change
Scientists exploring the drivers of Antarctic climate change have discovered a new and more efficient pathway for the creation of natural aerosols and clouds which contribute significantly to temperature increases. The Antarctic Peninsula has shown some of the largest global increases in near-surface air temperature over the last 50 years, but experts have struggled to predict temperatures because little was known about how natural aerosols and clouds affect the amount of sunlight absorbed by the Earth and energy radiated back into space.

Environment - 14.05.2021
Antarctic ice sheet retreat could trigger chain reaction
Antarctic ice sheet retreat could trigger chain reaction
New study suggests increasing rainfall could reduce the ability of the climate system to maintain a large Antarctic ice sheet. The Antarctic ice sheet was even more unstable in the past than previously thought, and at times possibly came close to collapse, new research from Cardiff University suggests.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.05.2021
Kelp, maggots and mycoprotein among future foods that must be mass-farmed to combat malnutrition
Kelp, maggots and mycoprotein among future foods that must be mass-farmed to combat malnutrition
Radical changes to the food system are needed to safeguard our food supply and combat malnutrition in the face of climate change, environmental degradation and epidemics, says new report. Advances in technology open up many possibilities for alternative food supply systems that more risk-resilient, and can efficiently supply sustainable nutrition to billions of people Catherine Richards Researchers at the University of Cambridge say our future global food supply cannot be safeguarded by traditional approaches to improving food production.

Environment - Computer Science - 10.05.2021
Can federated learning save the world?
Can federated learning save the world?
Training the artificial intelligence models that underpin web search engines, power smart assistants and enable driverless cars, consumes megawatts of energy and generates worrying carbon dioxide emissions. But new ways of training these models are proven to be greener. The development and usage of AI is playing an increasing role in the tragedy that is climate change, and this problem will only worsen as this technology continues to proliferate through society Nic Lane Artificial intelligence models are used increasingly widely in today's world.

Environment - 07.05.2021
Sea level rises from melting ice massively reduced by limiting global warming
Sea level rises from melting ice massively reduced by limiting global warming
Sea level rise caused by melting ice could be halved this century if the Paris Agreement target of limiting warming to 1.5C is met. A new study, from an international research team including University of Leeds scientists, explored the land ice contribution to sea level in the 21st century arising from the world’s glaciers and the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets.

Computer Science - Environment - 06.05.2021
Algorithm to improve aid response to victims in disaster zones
Algorithm to improve aid response to victims in disaster zones
Research into disaster planning addresses issue of considering how to restore distribution networks alongside providing immediate aid Last updated on Thursday 6 May 2021 A University of Bath School of Management academic has developed an algorithm to help charities and aid organisations improve the way they help victims of storms, floods, earthquakes and other natural disasters.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 05.05.2021
’Stressed’ trees share resources to overcome environmental challenges
A length of steel pipe and a heart monitor are the unlikely tools underpinning new research which suggests that trees may work together to form resource-sharing networks, helping the group collectively overcome environmental challenges. The findings, laid out in a paper published today in Communications Biology, offer fresh insight into how forests around the world might adapt to the increasing environmental stresses of climate change.

Environment - 04.05.2021
Lead found in rural drinking water supplies
Lead found in rural drinking water supplies
Scientists are warning that drinking water supplies in parts of rural West Africa are being contaminated by lead-containing materials used in small community water systems. They included handpumps connected to boreholes and public taps. The researchers analysed scrapings from 61 community water-supply systems in Ghana, Mali, and Niger.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 04.05.2021
Let it rain: boosting showers where water is scarce
Let it rain: boosting showers where water is scarce
A new method to trigger rain where water is scarce is being tested in the UAE using drones that were designed and manufactured at the University of Bath. The new method to trigger rain in places where water is scarce is being tested in the United Arab Emirates using unmanned drones that were designed and manufactured at the University of Bath.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 29.04.2021
Exploit plants' ability to tell the time to make food production more sustainable, say scientists
Exploit plants’ ability to tell the time to make food production more sustainable, say scientists
Cambridge plant scientists say circadian clock genes, which enable plants to measure daily and seasonal rhythms, should be targeted in agriculture and crop breeding for higher yields and more sustainable farming. Plants grow much better when their internal clock is matched to the environment they grow in.

Environment - Chemistry - 29.04.2021
Hidden air pollutants on the rise in India and UK
Levels of air pollutants in cities in India and the UK are on the rise, according to a new study led by UCL and the University of Birmingham. Published today in the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, researchers analysed satellite data to estimate trends in a range of air pollutants for 2005 to 2018.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 29.04.2021
UofG experts contribute to climate change briefing paper
Researchers from the University of Glasgow have contributed their expertise to a new report on how nature-based solutions could help nations mitigate and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Professor Nick Hanley and Professor Larissa Naylor are among the authors of Nature-based Solutions for Climate Change, People and Biodiversity , a briefing paper released Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health & Comparative Medicine by the COP26 Universities Network.

Environment - 28.04.2021
Is forest harvesting increasing in Europe?
Is forest harvesting increasing in Europe? Yes, but not as much as reported last July in a controversial study published in Nature . The study, titled 'Abrupt increase in harvested forest area over Europe after 2015', used satellite data to assess forest cover and claimed an abrupt increase of 69% in the harvested forest in Europe from 2016.

Economics - Environment - 22.04.2021
Survey reveals many people have reservations about flying in future
More than half of adults plan to fly less or much less, even after they have been vaccinated against COVID-19, citing worries about the virus and climate change, according to a survey carried out by the University of Bristol The snapshot survey , conducted by researchers at the university's Cabot Institute for the Environment, captured views of nearly 500 respondents about how they might fly in the wake of the global pandemic.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 21.04.2021
Managing peatlands to cut greenhouse gas emissions
Managing peatlands to cut greenhouse gas emissions
Substantial cuts in global greenhouse gas emissions could be achieved by raising water levels in agricultural peatlands, according to a new study. Peatlands occupy just three per cent of the world’s land surface area but store a similar amount of carbon to all terrestrial vegetation, as well as supporting unique biodiversity.

Health - Environment - 12.04.2021
Volcanic pollution link to respiratory disease increase
Volcanic pollution link to respiratory disease increase
Respiratory disease increased markedly following one of Iceland's largest volcanic eruptions, a new study has found. The findings could have significant implications for actions taken to protect the health of the 800 million people living near active volcanoes. Only last month, lava burst through a crack in Iceland’s Mount Fagradalsfjall in the first eruption of its type for more than 800 years.

Environment - Life Sciences - 09.04.2021
We don't know how most mammals will respond to climate change
We don’t know how most mammals will respond to climate change
Researchers at the University of Oxford, alongside international collaborators, have found that there is a significant knowledge gap in the risks posed by climate change to mammals. In their systematic review, published in the Journal of Animal Ecology, the scientists identify that there are significant blanks about the risks to mammals in regions most vulnerable to climate change, including boreal and tropic areas.

Environment - Pharmacology - 01.04.2021
Citizen scientists urged to get out into nature to support bee-spotting project this Easter
Citizen scientists are being encouraged to escape the house and help University scientists in their quest to track bees this Easter. As lockdown restrictions ease across Wales, scientists at Cardiff University are asking the public to take part in a biodiversity monitoring project called Spot-a-bee.