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Results 81 - 100 of 227.

Health - Pharmacology - 11.02.2021
Tocilizumab reduces deaths in patients hospitalised with COVID-19
The Randomised Evaluation of COVID-19 Therapy (RECOVERY) has demonstrated that an anti-inflammatory treatment, tocilizumab, reduces the risk of death when given to hospitalised patients with severe COVID-19. The study also showed that tocilizumab shortens the time until patients are successfully discharged from hospital and reduces the need for a mechanical ventilator.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.02.2021
A new vision for adeno-associated virus delivered gene therapies
A new vision for adeno-associated virus delivered gene therapies
An international collaboration of leading groups in gene therapy and vision science have developed an adeno-associated virus (AAV) genome-coupled immunomodulation strategy that helps cloak the AAV virus from unwanted immune responses and offers important insights into ocular inflammation. The research led by Harvard University, Harvard Medical School and including the University of Bristol is published in Science Translational Medicine.

Health - Physics - 11.02.2021
Advances in x-ray imaging can help patients with breast cancer
A new x-ray imaging scanner to help surgeons performing breast tumour removal surgery has been developed by UCL experts. Most breast cancer operations are what are known as conserving surgeries, which remove the cancerous tumour rather than the whole breast. Second operations are often required if the margins (edges) of the extracted tissue are found to not be clear of cancer.

Mechanical Engineering - Environment - 11.02.2021
Common pipistrelle bats are attracted to wind turbines
Common pipistrelle bats are attracted to wind turbines
Fatal attraction: Research finds common pipistrelle bats are attracted to wind turbines One of the most abundant bats in Europe may be attracted to wind turbines, according to a new study from the University of Sussex and the University of Exeter. The activity of common pipistrelle bats was monitored at 23 British wind farms and similar "control" locations close by without turbines.

Health - 11.02.2021
Proper fit of face masks is more important than material
Proper fit of face masks is more important than material
A team of researchers studying the effectiveness of different types of face masks has found that in order to provide the best protection against COVID-19, the fit of a mask is as important, or more important, than the material it is made of.

Career - 11.02.2021
LGBT+ workers experience higher levels of conflict at work, shows new report
Last updated on Friday 19 February 2021 The CIPD is today launching a new research report, co-authored by the School of Management's Dr Luke Fletcher , to highlight how LGBT+ workers tend to have a more negative experience of work.

Health - 11.02.2021
More deaths in England and Scotland may be attributable to obesity and excess body fat than smoking
Obesity and excess body fat may have contributed to more deaths in England and Scotland than smoking since 2014, according to research published in the open access journal BMC Public Health . Between 2003 and 2017 the percentage of deaths attributable to smoking are calculated to have decreased from 23.1% to 19.4% while deaths attributable to obesity and excess body fat are calculated to have increased from 17.9% to 23.1%.

Astronomy / Space Science - 11.02.2021
Portrait of young galaxy throws theory of galaxy formation on its head
Portrait of young galaxy throws theory of galaxy formation on its head
Scientists have challenged our current understanding of how galaxies form by unveiling pictures of a young galaxy in the early life of the Universe which appears surprisingly mature. The galaxy, dubbed ALESS 073.1, appears to have all of the features expected of a much more mature galaxy and has led the team of scientists to question how it grew so fast.

History / Archeology - 11.02.2021
Stonehenge may be dismantled Welsh stone circle
UCL archaeologists have found a dismantled stone circle in west Wales that they believed was moved to Salisbury Plain and rebuilt as Stonehenge. The stunning discovery, published in Antiquity ,  has been secretly documented by filmmakers and is the subject of an exclusive BBC programme , Stonehenge: The Lost Circle Revealed .

Life Sciences - 11.02.2021
Once bitten, twice shy: Researchers explore the neurology of why one bad curry could put us off for life
Once bitten, twice shy: Researchers explore the neurology of why one bad curry could put us off for life
A negative experience with food usually leaves us unable to stomach the thought of eating that particular dish again. Using sugar-loving snails as models, researchers at the University of Sussex believe these bad experiences could be causing a switch in our brains, which impacts our future eating habits.

Environment - 10.02.2021
Ozone-depleting gas emissions back on the decline
Ozone-depleting gas emissions back on the decline
The emissions of a banned ozone-depleting gas have dropped rapidly following a previously unexpected spike. A team of international researchers analysed global air measurements of the ozone-depleting chemical chlorofluorocarbon CFC-11. The analysis involved the use of detailed atmospheric models to remove the effects of natural meteorological variations.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 10.02.2021
Emissions of banned ozone-depleting substance are back on the decline
Emissions of banned ozone-depleting substance are back on the decline
Global emissions of a potent substance notorious for depleting the Earth's ozone layer - the protective barrier which absorbs the Sun's harmful UV rays - have fallen rapidly and are now back on the decline, according to new research. Two international studies show emissions of CFC-11, one of the many chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) chemicals once widely used in refrigerators and insulating foams, are back on the decline less than two years after the exposure of their shock resurgence in the wake of suspected rogue production.

Physics - Environment - 10.02.2021
New research will disrupt solar and expedite efforts toward Net-Zero target
New research will disrupt solar and expedite efforts toward Net-Zero target
A team of researchers, led by chemists from the University of Bristol, has received significant funding from the UKRI to revolutionise the fabrication and application of photovoltaic devices, used to produce solar energy. Imagine a city in the near future where buildings have solar panels integrated into windows, cladding and rooftops - allowing urban areas to generate their own clean and renewable energy.

Health - Social Sciences - 10.02.2021
’Sleep hygiene’ should be integrated into epilepsy diagnosis and management - study
Children with epilepsy sleep poorly compared to healthy children, and are more likely to experience disruptions such as night terrors, sleep walking or sleep disordered breathing, according to a new study. A team at the University of Birmingham's Centre for Human Brain Health analysed 19 published studies on sleep and epilepsy in children and adolescents to try to better understand and articulate the links between them.

Health - Pedagogy - 10.02.2021
Wider lockdown key to preventing Covid-19 surge if schools reopen
Wider restrictions must remain in place if schools reopen in March in order to keep the epidemic's R number below 1 in the UK, a new UCL-led modelling study suggests. The pre-print study, published on the site medRxiv, suggested that reopening schools to all pupils in some form on March 8 may lead to an increase in cases but that, if a broader lockdown remained, it was unlikely to cause the R rate to go above 1 and lead to the epidemic growing again.

Social Sciences - 10.02.2021
10% of teenagers have tried hard drugs by age 17
Almost a third of 17-year-olds have tried cannabis and one in 10 have tried harder drugs, such as cocaine, ecstasy and ketamine, with similar rates of experimentation regardless of parents' education level, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The research, published today in a briefing paper by the Centre for Longitudinal Studies at the UCL Social Research Institute, examines engagement in substance use and antisocial behaviours among Generation Z as they reached late adolescence.

Health - 09.02.2021
New machine learning system developed to identify deteriorating patients in hospital
Researchers in Oxford have developed a machine learning algorithm that could significantly improve clinicians' ability to identify hospitalised patients whose condition is deteriorating to the extent that they need intensive care. The HAVEN system (Hospital-wide Alerting Via Electronic Noticeboard) was developed as part of a collaboration between the University of Oxford's Institute of Biomedical Engineering and the Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, with support from the NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre.

Health - Social Sciences - 09.02.2021
Contact patterns changed in response to national COVID-19 guidance
The number of daily contacts changed over the course of 2020, following the first lockdown, corresponding to alterations in the COVID-19 guidance, suggests a study among staff and students at the University of Bristol. The research led by scientists at the University of Bristol is published on the pre-print server

Social Sciences - Psychology - 09.02.2021
14 could be peak age for believing in conspiracy theories
Belief in conspiracy theories is heightened as adolescents reach 14 years of age, reveals new research involving the University of Glasgow A study conducted by a team of psychologists from across the UK, including UofG's Dr Yvonne Skipper, has uncovered that belief in conspiracy theories flourishes in teenage years.

Environment - Health - 09.02.2021
Fossil fuel air pollution responsible for 1 in 5 deaths worldwide
An estimated 1 in 5 deaths (18 to 21.5%) every year can be attributed to fossil fuel pollution, a figure much higher than previously thought, according to research co-authored by UCL. The study shows that more than 8 million people around the globe die each year as a result of breathing in air containing particles from burning fuels like coal, petrol and diesel, which aggravate respiratory conditions like asthma and can lead to lung cancer, coronary heart disease, strokes and early death.

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