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Results 61 - 80 of 916.

Pedagogy - 24.09.2021
National primary school tests have little effect on children’s happiness and wellbeing
National Curriculum Key Stage 2 tests taken by 10- and 11-year-old children in England to assess progress in English and Mathematics do not seem to affect children's wellbeing, according to new UCL-led research. The peer-reviewed study, published today in Assessment in Education, analysed data from around 2,500 children who live in England (where the KS2 tests are conducted) and in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales (where the tests do not take place) and are all participants of the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS).

Chemistry - Pharmacology - 24.09.2021
Assembly theory could spell good news for drug discovery
A new method of exploring chemical space could help create scientific breakthroughs in areas including drug design and discovery, its creators say. The concept, known as assembly theory, is outlined in a new paper published today Advances by a team from the University of Glasgow's School of Chemistry.

Paleontology - Life Sciences - 23.09.2021
Bizarre armoured spikes belong to oldest ankylosaur ever discovered
Bizarre armoured spikes belong to oldest ankylosaur ever discovered
An unusual fossil showing a series of spikes fused to a rib has been revealed to be the remains of the oldest ankylosaur ever found and the first from the African continent. The exciting discovery was made in the Middle Atlas Mountains of Morocco at the same site where researchers from the Natural History Museum (NHM) previously discovered the oldest stegosaur ever found.

Social Sciences - Health - 23.09.2021
Child abuse and neglect linked to early death in adulthood
Children who experience sexual or physical abuse or are neglected are more likely to die prematurely as adults, according to a new study analysing data from the 1950s to the present by researchers at UCL and the University of Cambridge. The study, published in BMJ Open , found that adults who reported experiencing sexual abuse by the age of 16 had a 2.6 times higher risk of dying in middle age - that is, between 45 and 58 - than those who did not report sexual abuse.

Health - Pharmacology - 22.09.2021
Setting global targets could cut impact of diabetes in developing countries
Setting global targets could cut impact of diabetes in developing countries
Setting and achieving targets for treating diabetes patients with cholesterol or blood pressure medication, as well as tackling blood sugar levels, could save lives and reduce healthy-lifetime lost due to diabetes in developing countries, a new global study reveals. Some 80% of people with diabetes live in Lowand Middle-income Countries (LMICs).

Social Sciences - 22.09.2021
Predicting a riot: social inequality leads to vandalism in experiments
Social inequality can incite collective violence in an experimental setting, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The project, funded by the Nuffield Foundation, was conceived following the London riots of 2011, as researchers sought to understand the origins of antisocial group behaviour. The findings are published today in Proceedings of the Royal Society B .

Health - 22.09.2021
Getting tested for COVID-19 and reporting your results
Getting tested for COVID-19 and reporting your results helps to reduce the spread of the virus. It also helps to protect those who could get seriously ill if they catch the virus. To keep our community as safe as possible, you should test yourself twice a week for COVID-19 even if you don't have symptoms.

Administration - Economics / Business - 22.09.2021
Savers with individual personal pensions are losing out due to lack of regulation
Savers with individual personal pensions are losing out due to lack of regulation
People with an individual personal pension could retire with as little as half the value of a comparable group pension fund facilitated by an employer Last updated on Wednesday 22 September 2021 The absence of a third party protecting the interests of individual personal pensions means they perform worse than group personal pensions (GPP), according to new research from the University of Bath's School of Management.

Psychology - 22.09.2021
New study to explore how emotional judgements are affected by PTSD
New study to explore how emotional judgements are affected by PTSD
Psychologists at the University of Bath want participants from the local area to come forward for a new study focusing on the effects of trauma and PTSD. Last updated on Wednesday 22 September 2021 Researchers at the University of Bath want local people to take part in a new study which hopes to improve understanding of the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Life Sciences - 21.09.2021
Our eyes and brain work together to create a ’pipeline’ of meaning - new study
Humans read by 'pre-processing' written words to create a pipeline of meaning, according to new research at the University of Birmingham. A study, published in Nature Communications , shows that each pre-processing judgement can take place extremely rapidly - within just 100ms after the eye lands on the previous word.

Health - Pharmacology - 21.09.2021
Pioneering EEG test could dramatically increase early diagnosis of Alzheimer's
Pioneering EEG test could dramatically increase early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s
A two-minute passive-test that measures people's brain waves in response to a series of images, 'Fastball EEG', could help expand early dementia diagnosis. Last updated on Tuesday 21 September 2021 A simple but revolutionary approach to early Alzheimer's diagnosis is being pioneered by researchers through an initiative that could pave the way for improved outcomes for individuals who develop the disease in the future.

Health - Social Sciences - 20.09.2021
Therapy with babies boosts social development, reducing clinical autism diagnosis by two-thirds
This Australian study trialled a parent-mediated therapy, iBASIS-VIPP, which was developed by the study's UK collaborators, led by Professor Jonathan Green from The University of Manchester. The use of iBASIS-VIPP reduced clinician autism diagnoses at age three by two-thirds. This is the first evidence that a pre-emptive intervention during infancy can lead to a significant reduction in the social communication difficulties characteristic of autism, and reduced likelihood of a clinician autism diagnosis in early childhood.

Social Sciences - Health - 20.09.2021
Autistic individuals are more likely to be LGBTQ+ | University of Cambridge
Autistic individuals are more likely to be LGBTQ+ | University of Cambridge
New research from the suggests that autistic individuals are less likely to identify as heterosexual and more likely to identify with a diverse range of sexual orientations than non-autistic individuals. The findings have important implications for the healthcare and support of autistic individuals. The results are published in the journal Autism Research .

Pharmacology - Health - 20.09.2021
New drug shows promise in slowing growth of bowel cancer
A new drug has shown promise in slowing the regrowth of tumours among some bowel cancer patients, according to new findings of a major trial run by researchers at UCL in collaboration with Oxford, Leeds and Cardiff universities. The results of the FOCUS4-C trial, which was funded by Cancer Research UK, the EME Programme - an MRC/NIHR partnership - and AstraZeneca, will be presented on Saturday (18 September) at the European Society of Medical Oncology and published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology .

Physics - Music - 20.09.2021
The nanophotonics orchestra presents: Twisting to the light of nanoparticles
The nanophotonics orchestra presents: Twisting to the light of nanoparticles
Physicists at the University of Bath observe a new physical effect in chiral (twisted) nanoparticles. Last updated on Thursday 23 September 2021 Physics researchers at the University of Bath discover a new physical effect relating to the interactions between light and twisted materials - an effect that is likely to have implications for emerging new nanotechnologies in communications, nanorobotics and ultra-thin optical components.

Pedagogy - 20.09.2021
Family time increases parents’ wellbeing, especially couple time
Time spent together in families significantly contributes to mothers and fathers' happiness when compared to being alone, shows new research from a UCL academic. The research also finds that couple time spent alone without children contributes to the largest increase in wellbeing Published today in Sociology , the study analyses data from 236 couples who participated in the 2014-2015 United Kingdom Time Use Survey and finds that fathers often reported enjoying family time more than mothers do.

Health - Pharmacology - 20.09.2021
New Covid-19 treatment for patients with diabetes shows early promise
A new Covid-19 treatment for people with diabetes has shown promising results in a trial led by UCL researchers. The trial was conducted by St George Street Capital (SGSc) - a medical research charity - with the the goal to find new purposes, where there is a real clinical need, for drugs that have already passed safety checks Professors John Martin (UCL Division of Medicine) and Pete Coffey (UCL Institute of Ophthalmology) founded the charity along with an American philanthropist to trial new medicines four years ago.

Pharmacology - Psychology - 17.09.2021
’Spice’ withdrawal symptoms more severe than cannabis - new study
New research from the Addiction and Mental Health Group at the University of Bath highlights challenges for people trying to give up the drug 'Spice'. Last updated on Friday 17 September 2021 Research published today by psychologists at the University of Bath suggests that 'Spice' - which contains synthetic drugs originally designed to mimic the effects of cannabis - is more harmful than cannabis and that users are likely to experience more severe withdrawal symptoms when attempting to quit.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.09.2021
Research provides new insight into fundamental workings of the immune system in response to therapy to treat skin cancer
New research led by the University of Birmingham suggests that skin cancer patients could have a better prognosis if their T cells send messages from five specific genes in their immune response to drugs given to treat the disease. The research, carried out in mice, cells in the laboratory, and using publicly available data from patients with advanced melanoma before and after treatment with Nivolumab therapy, publishes today in Immunity.

Health - 16.09.2021
Study links childhood exposure to air pollution and self-harm in later life
A study of over 1.4 million Danes has revealed a link between higher levels of exposure to two common pollutants during childhood and an increased risk of self-harm in later life. The collaboration between academics at The University of Manchester and Aarhus University in Denmark is published today (16/09/2021) in a special issue on suicide prevention of the journal Preventive Medicine .