news 2021


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Results 61 - 80 of 489.


Environment - 28.04.2021
Is forest harvesting increasing in Europe?
Is forest harvesting increasing in Europe? Yes, but not as much as reported last July in a controversial study published in Nature . The study, titled 'Abrupt increase in harvested forest area over Europe after 2015', used satellite data to assess forest cover and claimed an abrupt increase of 69% in the harvested forest in Europe from 2016.

Social Sciences - Health - 28.04.2021
Nearly one in four children in psychiatric hospitals admitted involuntarily
Nearly one-quarter (23.6%) of children and adolescents admitted to psychiatric hospital were admitted involuntarily, finds a new review of evidence from 11 countries, led by UCL researchers, which also uncovered substantial racial disparities. The study, the first systematic analysis social and clinical factors associated with admission, was published in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health journal.

Psychology - Health - 28.04.2021
How lockdown has increased mental health difficulties for vulnerable children
The pandemic increased mental health problems among vulnerable children, with financial strain on parents a major factor, a study by Cardiff University has found. During the pandemic, researchers interviewed 142 five to 10-year-olds who had been identified by schools as "at risk? for mental health problems, and they then compared this to pre-pandemic data.

Health - Pedagogy - 28.04.2021
New research plans confirmed on Bristol health study’s 30th birthday
Thirty years after it first started, the Children of the 90s health study - one of the largest, most detailed longitudinal birth cohorts in the world - announced today [28 April] that it will launch its biggest collection of health data yet on three generations of Bristol families in September. Children of the 90s data has been used in over 2,200 health studies around the world to date.

Social Sciences - 28.04.2021
Young people who experience bullying are more likely to fantasise about committing acts of violence - study
Young people who experience bullying are more likely to fantasise about committing acts of violence - study
Experiencing bullying and forms of aggression in late adolescence and early adulthood is linked to a marked increase in the likelihood of having daydreams or fantasies about hurting or killing people, according to a new study. It's the difference between conditions that make people angry and upset, and those that make people vengeful Manuel Eisner While research has shown that significant numbers of people fantasise about inflicting harm, little is known about the processes behind such "violent ideations".

Computer Science - Sport - 28.04.2021
Virtual Reality could help improve balance in older people
Virtual Reality could help improve balance in older people
Researchers at CAMERA are investigating VR technology to help improve balance and prevent falls. Last updated on Wednesday 28 April 2021 Researchers at the University of Bath investigating how virtual reality (VR) can help improve balance believe this technology could be a valuable tool in the prevention of falls.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 28.04.2021
Black hole-neutron star collisions may settle dispute over Universe’s expansion
Studying the violent collisions of black holes and neutron stars may soon provide a new measurement of the Universe's expansion rate, helping to resolve a long-standing dispute, suggests a new simulation study led by researchers at UCL. Our two current best ways of estimating the Universe's rate of expansion - measuring the brightness and speed of pulsating and exploding stars, and looking at fluctuations in radiation from the early Universe - give very different answers, suggesting our theory of the Universe may be wrong.

Sport - 27.04.2021
Teenage girls at double concussion risk of boys playing football
New findings published today in the journal JAMA Network Open show that teenage girls playing football are at almost double the risk of concussion compared to teenage boys. Teenage girls are also less likely to be removed from play and take longer to recover from the injury than their male counterparts.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 27.04.2021
New MRI techniques could pave way to predict disability in multiple sclerosis
Advanced MRI techniques can detect very early changes in the brains of people with multiple sclerosis (MS), which may lead to more accurate predictions about disease progression, finds a study led by UCL researchers. The authors of the paper, published in Brain , say these previously unseen changes could have the potential to predict how disabled a person might become in the future.

Health - Psychology - 26.04.2021
Researchers call for end of postcode lottery in miscarriage care and treatment
Leading experts at the University of Birmingham and Tommy's National Centre for Miscarriage Research are calling on the UK government to invest in early pregnancy units and recurrent miscarriage clinics to end the current care and treatment postcode lottery. The calls come as the team has laid bare the devastating impact of miscarriage and sets out recommendations to improve treatment and care in a series of three articles published today in The Lancet.

Health - Life Sciences - 26.04.2021
New cancer algorithm flags genetic weaknesses in tumours
New cancer algorithm flags genetic weaknesses in tumours
A new way to identify tumours that could be sensitive to particular immunotherapies has been developed using data from thousands of NHS cancer patient samples sequenced through the 100,000 Genomes Project.

Health - Pharmacology - 26.04.2021
Scientists develop new class of cancer drug with potential to treat leukaemia
Scientists develop new class of cancer drug with potential to treat leukaemia
Scientists have made a promising step towards developing a new drug for treating acute myeloid leukaemia, a rare blood disorder. In a study , Cambridge researchers report a new approach to cancer treatment that targets enzymes which play a key role in translating DNA into proteins and which could lead to a new class of cancer drugs.

Sport - Health - 26.04.2021
Rugby legends join large dementia prevention study
Alzheimer's Society is delighted to announce that former world-leading rugby players, Shane Williams and Ben Kay, have signed up to a large-scale Alzheimer's Society funded study. The research will look at important and unanswered questions, such as whether elite rugby players show more early warning signs of dementia than the general population, and if so, why this is the case.

Health - Psychology - 26.04.2021
People with mental illnesses report worsening symptoms during lockdown
People with pre-existing mental health conditions have reported challenges posed by the COVID-19 lockdowns, such as the loss of normal coping routines, barriers to accessing care, and unequal impacts of the pandemic, in a new study led by UCL researchers. The qualitative, interview-based study, published in Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology , shows that the impacts of lockdown were not distributed equally, and people in ethnic minority groups reported particular challenges.

Astronomy / Space Science - 23.04.2021
Black holes to dark matter – an evolving universe
Black holes to dark matter – an evolving universe
From supermassive black holes to the hunt for dark matter, Durham's scientists are at the forefront of investigations into the evolution of the universe. Our astronomers and cosmologists are world-leaders working with fellow researchers across the planet to further our understanding of the cosmos and our place in it.

Health - Social Sciences - 23.04.2021
Substance use and depression more closely linked for generation Z teens
Substance use and antisocial behaviour are more likely to go hand-in-hand with poor mental health for generation Z teens compared to millennial adolescents growing up a decade earlier, finds a new UCL study. Researchers from the Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) at the UCL Social Research Institute and the University of Liverpool analysed data collected from two cohorts, born a decade apart, when they were 14 years old.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.04.2021
Research uncovers high risk to pregnant women from COVID-19
A study of more than 2,100 pregnant women across 18 countries worldwide has revealed that COVID-19 is associated with a higher risk of severe maternal and newborn complications than previously recognised. The researchers, from the Nuffield Dept of Women's & Reproductive Health at the University of Oxford, report the findings of the INTERCOVID Study in the journal JAMA Pediatrics , providing, for the first time, detailed comparative information about the effects of COVID-19 in pregnancy.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.04.2021
Significant reductions in COVID-19 infections found after single dose of Oxford-AstraZeneca and Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine
COVID-19 infections fell significantly - by 65% percent - after a first dose of the Oxford-AstraZeneca or Pfizer-BioNTech vaccines in this large community surveillance study. Data from the COVID-19 Infection Survey, a partnership between the University of Oxford, the Office of National Statistics (ONS) and the Department for Health and Social Care (DHSC), is the first to show the impact of vaccination on antibody responses and new infections in a large group of adults from the general population aged 16 years and older.

Health - Veterinary - 23.04.2021
Scientists identified cases of human-to-cat COVID-19 transmission in the UK
A team of scientists at the University of Glasgow has identified two known cases of human-to-cat COVID-19 transmission in the UK. In the study, led by the University of Glasgow and published today in the Veterinary Record, researchers describe two cases of human-to-cat SARS-CoV-2 transmission, found as part of a COVID-19 screening programme of the feline population in the UK.

Health - Pharmacology - 22.04.2021
New stroke rehabilitation system proven to work in impaired stroke patients
A stroke rehabilitation system, developed by MicroTransponder Inc and studied by a team at the University of Glasgow, has been shown to significantly improve arm impairment and function in people with long-term arm weakness after ischaemic stroke. Long-term loss of arm function after ischaemic stroke is common, and the results of the study - published today in The Lancet - showed two to three times greater improvement with Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) when it was combined with intense physical therapy, compared to intense physical therapy alone.