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Results 41 - 60 of 911.


Transport - 29.09.2021
Lincoln and Hull among UK’s traffic collision hotspots
Cities such as Lincoln and Hull and towns including Woking, Maidstone and Ashford have more road traffic collisions than would be expected given their population size, a new study by UCL researchers has found. For the study, published in PLOS ONE , researchers analysed traffic collision data along with population data from over 300 urban areas in England, Wales, France, Germany and Spain in 2018 and, for Spain only, 2015.

Health - Psychology - 29.09.2021
Over a third of COVID-19 patients diagnosed with at least one long-COVID symptom
37% of people had at least one long-COVID symptom diagnosed in the 3-6 month period after COVID-19 infection. The most common symptoms were breathing problems, abdominal symptoms, fatigue, pain and anxiety/depression. This new study from the University of Oxford and the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Oxford Health Biomedical Research Centre (BRC) investigated long-COVID in over 270,000 people recovering from COVID-19 infection, using data from the US-based TriNetX electronic health record network.

Health - Pharmacology - 29.09.2021
New cancer ’inhibitor’ could lead to improved treatment options
Researchers have discovered a potential advancement in the treatment of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), which they hope will one day offer an improved option for treating patients with this form of blood cancer. The study- published today in Science Translational Medicine and led by the University of Glasgow in collaboration with LifeArc - has discovered a potential 'autophagy inhibitor' which, when used in combination with current cancer therapies, could lead to better treatment options for CML cancer patients.

Health - Economics / Business - 28.09.2021
Study suggests R rate for tracking pandemic should be dropped in favour of 'nowcasts' | University of Cambridge
Study suggests R rate for tracking pandemic should be dropped in favour of ’nowcasts’ | University of Cambridge
When the COVID-19 pandemic emerged in 2020, the R rate became well-known shorthand for the reproduction of the disease. Yet a new study suggests it's time for 'A Farewell to R' in favour of a different approach based on the growth rate of infection rather than contagiousness.

Psychology - Health - 28.09.2021
Psychological factors impact adherence and violation of pandemic restrictions
How well people adhered to restrictions during the UK's Covid-19 lockdowns varied depending on their learning and decision-making styles, finds a study led by researchers at UCL and Royal Holloway, University of London. The study, published in Scientific Reports , reveals that multiple psychological factors predicted how people responded to the first national lockdown in spring 2020.

Social Sciences - Health - 28.09.2021
Youngest children are least willing to have COVID-19 jab
In a large school-based survey of students from 9-18-years-old (Years 5 to 13), researchers from the University of Oxford, UCL and the University of Cambridge have discovered that the younger you are, the less likely you are to want a COVID-19 vaccination. Writing in  EClinicalMedicine , the authors present the results of the OxWell School Survey 2021, finding that 36% of 9-year-olds are willing to have a COVID-19 vaccination, compared to 51% of 13-year-olds, and 78% of 17-year-olds.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 28.09.2021
Mental health burden of child maltreatment may last decades
New research into child maltreatment has highlighted the links with ongoing mental health disorders, even into middle and older age adulthood. The new study, led by the University of Glasgow and published in the Lancet Regional Health - Europe, finds that child maltreatment was associated with a wide range of mental health conditions in later life, even if they were not diagnosed of any in early adulthood.

Health - Social Sciences - 28.09.2021
Youngest youngsters least willing to get COVID-19 jab
36% of 9-year-olds and 51% of 13-year-olds say they are willing to have a COVID-19 vaccination compared to 78% of 17-year-olds, finds a major study co-led by UCL, the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. The study, published today in EClinicalMedicine, is the only large-scale study to ask children and adolescents about their willingness to be vaccinated against COVID-19 and found that the younger you are the less likely you are to want a COVID-19 vaccination.

Health - 28.09.2021
Why some individuals have stronger natural defences against SARS-COV-2
Scientists discover why some individuals have stronger natural defences against SARS-COV-2 A new study has revealed key insights into the natural human antiviral defences against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. The research, published and led by a team of scientists at the MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, sheds new light on why some people are naturally more resistant to serious SARS-CoV-2 infection - and how, in the future, the coronavirus might overcome this resistance.

Life Sciences - 28.09.2021
Magnetic stimulation of the brain can improve episodic memory
Inhibitory brain stimulation allows better memorization by reducing the power of beta-waves in the brain. Memories of past events and experiences are what define us as who we are, and yet the ability to form these episodic memories declines with age, certain dementias, and brain injury.

Life Sciences - Health - 28.09.2021
Machine learning can predict which animal viruses risk infecting humans
Scientists have developed a new machine learning method that can accurately predict which animal viruses could go on to infect humans in the future, using only information encoded in the viral genome. Most emerging infectious diseases of humans are caused by 'zoonotic' viruses that originate from other animal species.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 27.09.2021
Dinosaurs' ascent driven by volcanoes powering climate change
Dinosaurs’ ascent driven by volcanoes powering climate change
The rise of dinosaurs coincided with environmental changes driven by major volcanic eruptions over 230 million years ago, a new study reveals. The Late Triassic Carnian Pluvial Episode (CPE) saw an increase in global temperature and humidity - creating a major impact on the development of animal and plant life, coinciding with the establishment of modern conifers.

Physics - 27.09.2021
Will twisted superconducting flakes make better components for quantum computers?
Will twisted superconducting flakes make better components for quantum computers?
Researchers find a way to make single-crystal flake devices that are so thin and defect-free, they might outperform existing components in quantum computers. Last updated on Friday 1 October 2021 Researchers at the University of Bath have found a way to make 'single-crystal flake' devices that are so thin and free of defects, they have the potential to outperform components used today in quantum computer circuits.

Physics - 26.09.2021
'Back to basics' approach helps unravel new phase of matter | University of Cambridge
’Back to basics’ approach helps unravel new phase of matter | University of Cambridge
A new phase of matter, thought to be understandable only using quantum physics, can be studied with far simpler classical methods. We thought time crystals were fundamentally quantum phenomena, but it turns out a simpler classical approach let us learn more about them Andrea Pizzi Researchers from the used computer modelling to study potential new phases of matter known as prethermal discrete time crystals (DTCs).

Health - Life Sciences - 24.09.2021
New cause of inherited heart condition discovered
A UCL-led research team has identified a new gene as a cause of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, an inherited heart condition affecting one in 500 people. The discovery, published in the European Heart Journal , provides a new causal explanation for 1-2% of adults with the condition.

Pedagogy - 24.09.2021
National primary school tests have little effect on children’s happiness and wellbeing
National Curriculum Key Stage 2 tests taken by 10- and 11-year-old children in England to assess progress in English and Mathematics do not seem to affect children's wellbeing, according to new UCL-led research. The peer-reviewed study, published today in Assessment in Education, analysed data from around 2,500 children who live in England (where the KS2 tests are conducted) and in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales (where the tests do not take place) and are all participants of the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS).

Chemistry - Pharmacology - 24.09.2021
Assembly theory could spell good news for drug discovery
A new method of exploring chemical space could help create scientific breakthroughs in areas including drug design and discovery, its creators say. The concept, known as assembly theory, is outlined in a new paper published today Advances by a team from the University of Glasgow's School of Chemistry.

Paleontology - Life Sciences - 23.09.2021
Bizarre armoured spikes belong to oldest ankylosaur ever discovered
Bizarre armoured spikes belong to oldest ankylosaur ever discovered
An unusual fossil showing a series of spikes fused to a rib has been revealed to be the remains of the oldest ankylosaur ever found and the first from the African continent. The exciting discovery was made in the Middle Atlas Mountains of Morocco at the same site where researchers from the Natural History Museum (NHM) previously discovered the oldest stegosaur ever found.

Social Sciences - Health - 23.09.2021
Child abuse and neglect linked to early death in adulthood
Children who experience sexual or physical abuse or are neglected are more likely to die prematurely as adults, according to a new study analysing data from the 1950s to the present by researchers at UCL and the University of Cambridge. The study, published in BMJ Open , found that adults who reported experiencing sexual abuse by the age of 16 had a 2.6 times higher risk of dying in middle age - that is, between 45 and 58 - than those who did not report sexual abuse.

Health - Pharmacology - 22.09.2021
Setting global targets could cut impact of diabetes in developing countries
Setting global targets could cut impact of diabetes in developing countries
Setting and achieving targets for treating diabetes patients with cholesterol or blood pressure medication, as well as tackling blood sugar levels, could save lives and reduce healthy-lifetime lost due to diabetes in developing countries, a new global study reveals. Some 80% of people with diabetes live in Lowand Middle-income Countries (LMICs).