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Results 41 - 60 of 723.

Health - 15.07.2021
Scottish smoke-free vehicle legislation reduces under 5s asthma hospitalisations
Hospitalisations for asthma in pre-school children fell in Scotland in the two years following legislation that banned smoking in vehicles containing a child. The Smoking Prohibition (Children in Motor Vehicles) Bill was passed by the Scottish Parliament in 2016, making it illegal to smoke in a vehicle with anyone under the age of 18.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.07.2021
Computerised image analysis identifies new subtype of debilitating lung disease
Scientists at UCL have used computer-based imaging analysis to identify new patterns of lung damage in patients with Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), providing the first evidence of a previously unknown and life-limiting lung disease subtype. IPF is a condition where scar tissue or fibrosis builds up in the lungs, making them thick and hard.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.07.2021
Identification of over 200 long Covid symptoms prompts call for UK screening programme
Patients who experience long COVID have reported more than 200 symptoms across 10 organ systems*, in the largest international study of 'long-haulers' to date, led by UCL scientists together with a patient-led research collaborative. For the study, published in the Lancet's EClinicalMedicine , patient researchers who connected through the Body Politic online COVID-19 support group created a web-based survey designed to characterise the symptom profile and time course in patients with confirmed or suspected long COVID, along with the impact on daily life, work, and return to health.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.07.2021
Ten organisations account for nearly half of all animal research in Great Britain
Understanding Animal Research (UAR), an organisation that promotes open communications about animal research, has today (15 July 2021) published a list of the ten organisations in Great Britain that carry out the highest number of animal procedures - those used in medical, veterinary, and scientific research.

Life Sciences - Environment - 14.07.2021
Rapid evolution in waterfleas yields new conservation insights
The extraordinary ability of animals to rapidly evolve in response to predators has been demonstrated via genetic sequencing of a waterflea population across nearly two decades. In a new study , published , scientists at the Universities of Birmingham in the UK, the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in Belgium, and the Leibniz Institute for Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB), Berlin, were able to identify more than 300 genes that vary in the genome of the waterflea.

Life Sciences - Earth Sciences - 14.07.2021
Ear to the ground: Locating elephants using ground vibrations
Ear to the ground: Locating elephants using ground vibrations
Researchers from the , Mpala Research Center and Save the Elephants, have used a combination of acoustic microphones and seismometers to locate elephants. In this novel study, published today in The Journal of the Royal Society Interface , researchers managed to accurately determine elephant locations by measuring the vibration of the ground caused by their rumbles, which are low frequency calls.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.07.2021
Breakthrough into leading cause of blindness
A University of Manchester led team of scientists has discovered that the most common form of adult blindness is probably caused by a failure of at least one of five proteins to regulate the immune system. The breakthrough could one day herald the development of transformative treatments for developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD), which affects 600,000 people in the UK alone.

Environment - Psychology - 14.07.2021
Autistic people experience barriers to ’going green’
Autistic people can "face barriers" to taking positive environmental action - and need greater support to help them do so, according to a new study. Researchers from Cardiff University, along with the universities of Bath, Essex, and King's College London, explored the links between autistic personality traits and environmental attitudes in a study of 2,000 people in the US and UK.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.07.2021
Personalised 3D printed knee implant could bring relief to thousands of arthritis sufferers
Personalised 3D printed knee implant could bring relief to thousands of arthritis sufferers
Pioneering 'printed metal' procedure to create bespoke treatment for early knee osteoarthritis set to be trialled in the UK following MHRA approval. Last updated on Thursday 15 July 2021 A groundbreaking new treatment that uses 3D printed implants and that could bring relief to tens of thousands of knee osteoarthritis sufferers has received approval to be trialled in UK patients, following a virtual "in-silico" trial that demonstrated its safety.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.07.2021
UCL releases animal research statistics alongside fellow top institutions
UCL is releasing its animal research statistics today in collaboration with Understanding Animal Research - a non-profit that promotes open communications about animal research. UCL and nine other institutions together conducted nearly half of all UK animal research in 2020. The statistics pertain to animal procedures used in medical, veterinary and scientific research, and are freely available on UCL's animal research website as part of our joint commitments to transparency and openness around the use of animals in research.

Psychology - Environment - 14.07.2021
’Greta Thunberg Effect’ belies challenges for autistic community in going green
A new psychology study from researchers at the University of Bath focuses on the relationship between autism and green behaviours. Last updated on Wednesday 14 July 2021 Autistic people need extra help in going green say researchers behind a new study which argues for a more inclusive environmental agenda.

Economics / Business - 14.07.2021
DNA testing for cocoa beans offers path to end slavery and child labour in global chocolate industry
DNA testing for cocoa beans offers path to end slavery and child labour in global chocolate industry
Research shows low-cost DNA biomarker technique can trace cocoa from a specific farm to the chocolate bar in your hand Last updated on Wednesday 14 July 2021 A new method of DNA testing on cocoa beans could revolutionise the chocolate industry, offering consumers greater reassurance about the origins and ethics of their beloved confectionery, and giving the global cocoa industry a precision tool to help end slavery and child labour.

Health - 14.07.2021
Lateral flow tests are 95% effective at detecting Covid-19 when used at the onset of symptoms | University of Oxford
A new study by researchers at the , Queen Mary University of London, Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna, and the Medical University of Graz, has found that lateral flow tests detect Covid-19 with similar accuracy to laboratory-based PCR tests, providing they are used at the onset of infection and soon after symptoms start.

Social Sciences - Health - 13.07.2021
Teens with a history of self-harm have a significantly higher threshold for pain
New research from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience (IoPPN) at King's College London, in collaboration with Glasgow University, has found that teenagers who have self-harmed five or more times in their life have a significantly higher threshold for pain compared to adolescents that have not.

Criminology / Forensics - 09.07.2021
Interactive police line-ups improve eyewitness accuracy - study
Interactive police line-ups improve eyewitness accuracy - study
Eyewitnesses can identify perpetrators more accurately when they are able to manipulate 3D images of suspects, according to a new study. A team of researchers in the University of Birmingham's School of Psychology developed and tested new interactive lineup software which enables witnesses to rotate and view lineup faces from different angles.

Health - Social Sciences - 09.07.2021
Covid-19: Risks of severe illness in children shown to be very low
The risk of severe illness and death from SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, is extremely low in children and teenagers, according to the most comprehensive analyses of public health data, co-led by researchers at UCL. However, Covid-19 increases the likelihood of serious illness in the most vulnerable young people, those with pre-existing medical conditions and severe disabilities, although these risks remain low overall.

Health - Pharmacology - 09.07.2021
Commonalities found between COVID-19 and Rheumatoid Arthritis could help development of new treatment strategies for Long Covid
Severe COVID-19 and Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) share some common pathogenic mechanisms, according to a new study. The observations from the study - published in JCI Insight and led by the University of Glasgow's Research into Inflammatory Arthritis Centre (RACE) in collaboration with the Fondazione A.Gemelli IRCCS in Italy - could help development of new treatment strategies for severe COVID-19 and post-COVID-19 syndrome, or Long Covid.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 09.07.2021
Scientists solve 40-year mystery over Jupiter’s X-ray aurora
A research team co-led by UCL has solved a decades-old mystery as to how Jupiter produces a spectacular burst of X-rays every few minutes. The X-rays are part of Jupiter's aurora - bursts of visible and invisible light that occur when charged particles interact with the planet's atmosphere. A similar phenomenon occurs on Earth, creating the northern lights, but Jupiter's is much more powerful, releasing hundreds of gigawatts of energy, enough to briefly power all of human civilisation*.

Career - Economics / Business - 09.07.2021
Seafarers draw on vital support from port chaplains
Seafarers draw on vital support from port chaplains
Seafarers of different faiths and no faith rely on support from port chaplains in coping with what is often dangerous work in challenging institutionalised workplace settings, research from Cardiff University has found. On board ship, religious beliefs and attitudes are kept private but seafarers revealed to the team the ways in which many who do have a faith construct their own set of religious beliefs in order to cope better with living and working conditions.

Environment - Life Sciences - 08.07.2021
Climate changed the size of our bodies and, to some extent, our brains
The average body size of humans has fluctuated significantly over the last million years and is strongly linked to temperature. Colder, harsher climates drove the evolution of larger body sizes, while warmer climates led to smaller bodies. Brain size also changed dramatically but did not evolve in tandem with body size.