news 2021


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Results 41 - 60 of 489.


Economics / Business - Psychology - 04.05.2021
Loan applications processed around midday more likely to be rejected
Loan applications processed around midday more likely to be rejected
Bank credit officers are more likely to approve loan applications earlier and later in the day, while 'decision fatigue' around midday is associated with defaulting to the safer option of saying no. This is clear evidence that regular breaks during working hours are important for maintaining high levels of performance Tobias Baer These are the findings of a study by researchers in Cambridge's Department of Psychology, published today in the journal Royal Society Open Science .  Decision fatigue is the tiredness caused by having to make difficult decisions over a long period.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 04.05.2021
Pea plants make smart investment decisions that could help inform sustainable agriculture | University of Oxford
Pea plants make smart investment decisions that could help inform sustainable agriculture | University of Oxford
Researchers at the have shown that pea plants are able to make smart investment decisions when it comes to interactions with their symbiotic bacterial partners. Better understanding of how plants manage these interactions could help with the move towards sustainable agriculture.  Researchers at the have shown that pea plants are able to make smart investment decisions when it comes to interactions with their symbiotic bacterial partners.

Criminology / Forensics - Politics - 04.05.2021
Security and violent crime cannot be an argument against humane refugee policies - new study
New research from international academics challenges a myth that progressive policies towards asylum seekers pose a threat to domestic security. Last updated on Tuesday 4 May 2021 Ahead of US President Joe Biden's plan later this month to lift the country's historically low cap on asylum seekers, a new political study finds that liberal, progressive refugee policies do not pose domestic security challenges for states.

Environment - 04.05.2021
Lead found in rural drinking water supplies
Lead found in rural drinking water supplies
Scientists are warning that drinking water supplies in parts of rural West Africa are being contaminated by lead-containing materials used in small community water systems. They included handpumps connected to boreholes and public taps. The researchers analysed scrapings from 61 community water-supply systems in Ghana, Mali, and Niger.

Innovation - Health - 04.05.2021
Insights from colour-blind octopus help fight human sight loss
Insights from colour-blind octopus help fight human sight loss
The basis for this breakthrough was published in the latest issue of the Journal of Experimental Biology and describes new technology developed by lead researcher, Professor Shelby Temple, to measure how well octopuswhich are colour-blind - could detect polarized light, an aspect of light that humans can't readily see.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 04.05.2021
Let it rain: boosting showers where water is scarce
Let it rain: boosting showers where water is scarce
A new method to trigger rain where water is scarce is being tested in the UAE using drones that were designed and manufactured at the University of Bath. Last updated on Friday 7 May 2021 A new method to trigger rain in places where water is scarce is being tested in the United Arab Emirates using unmanned drones that were designed and manufactured at the University of Bath.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 04.05.2021
Aggressive brain tumours can mimic normal brain repair processes
Aggressive brain tumours can mimic normal brain repair processes
Scientists at the UCL have made a 'surprising' discovery that glioblastoma, an aggressive brain cancer, mimics normal brain repair in white matter, which leads to the tumour becoming less malignant. In the study on mice to harness this response (feature) and treat the cancer. Using the pre-clinical mouse models, the researchers found that Pranlukast, a drug clinically approved for treating asthma in people, suppressed glioblastoma growth.

Astronomy / Space Science - 30.04.2021
’Campfires’ offer clue to solar heating mystery
Miniature solar flares nicknamed "campfires", recently discovered near the surface of the Sun, are about 1,000 to 5,000 km tall and between 1-1.5 million degrees hot, finds a new study co-authored by UCL researchers. The study compared data from Solar Orbiter, the Sun-observing mission by ESA and NASA, with observations from NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory to triangulate the height of the campfires.

Health - History / Archeology - 30.04.2021
Cancer rates in medieval Britain were around ten times higher than previously thought
Cancer rates in medieval Britain were around ten times higher than previously thought
CT scanning used to uncover remnants of malignancy hidden inside medieval bones provides new insight into cancer prevalence in a pre-industrial world.

Computer Science - Physics - 30.04.2021
’Bat-sense’ tech generates images from sound
Scientists have found a way to equip everyday objects like smartphones and laptops with a bat-like sense of their surroundings. At the heart of the technique is a sophisticated machine-learning algorithm which uses reflected echoes to generate images, similar to the way bats navigate and hunt using echolocation.

Health - Pharmacology - 30.04.2021
Single Covid-19 vaccine dose may boost protection against variants in those previously infected
A single dose of the Pfizer Covid-19 vaccine may boost protection against Covid-19 variants for those who have previously had the virus, according to a new study co-authored by UCL researchers. The study, published in the Science journal, is led by researchers at UCL along with Barts Health NHS Trust, Imperial College London, Queen Mary University London and in collaboration with Public Health England and Royal Free Hospital NHS Trust.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 29.04.2021
Exploit plants' ability to tell the time to make food production more sustainable, say scientists
Exploit plants’ ability to tell the time to make food production more sustainable, say scientists
Cambridge plant scientists say circadian clock genes, which enable plants to measure daily and seasonal rhythms, should be targeted in agriculture and crop breeding for higher yields and more sustainable farming.  Plants grow much better when their internal clock is matched to the environment they grow in.

Health - 29.04.2021
Considerable gap in evidence around whether portable air filters reduce the incidence of COVID-19 and other respiratory infections
Considerable gap in evidence around whether portable air filters reduce the incidence of COVID-19 and other respiratory infections
There is an important absence of evidence regarding the effectiveness of a potentially cost-efficient intervention to prevent indoor transmission of respiratory infections, including COVID-19, warns a study by researchers at the University of Bristol. Respiratory infections such as coughs, colds, and influenza, are common in all age groups, and can be either viral or bacterial.

Health - Pharmacology - 29.04.2021
Ability of multi-drug resistant infection to evolve within cystic fibrosis patients highlights need for rapid treatment
Ability of multi-drug resistant infection to evolve within cystic fibrosis patients highlights need for rapid treatment
Scientists have been able to track how a multi-drug resistant organism is able to evolve and spread widely among cystic fibrosis patients - showing that it can evolve rapidly within an individual during chronic infection. The researchers say their findings highlight the need to treat patients with Mycobacterium abscessus infection immediately, counter to current medical practice.

Physics - Computer Science - 29.04.2021
Machine learning algorithm helps unravel the physics underlying quantum systems
Machine learning algorithm helps unravel the physics underlying quantum systems
Scientists from the University's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs (QETLabs) have developed an algorithm that provides valuable insights into the physics underlying quantum systems - paving the way for significant advances in quantum computation and sensing, and potentially turning a new page in scientific investigation.

Career - 29.04.2021
Window views and smaller offices improve productivity
Window views and smaller offices improve productivity
Workers in open plan offices who face the room, are next to a window and have few or no desks behind them are more productive, according to a new study by UCL researchers. Smaller open-plan offices with fewer desks in also help workers to feel more focused and productive, the researchers found. For the study, published in PLOSONE, researchers studied four floors of the London headquarters of a large international technology company, collecting a staff survey on workspace satisfaction as well as specific information on office seating positions of all participants and a marked floorplan.

Environment - Chemistry - 29.04.2021
Hidden air pollutants on the rise in India and UK
Levels of air pollutants in cities in India and the UK are on the rise, according to a new study led by UCL and the University of Birmingham. Published today in the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, researchers analysed satellite data to estimate trends in a range of air pollutants for 2005 to 2018.

Health - 29.04.2021
Study to improve success of IVF treatment resumes
A major study into the factors affecting IVF treatment success, led by NIHR Bristol Biomedical Research Centre (BRC) researchers at the University of Bristol, is restarting after a year-long pause due to COVID-19. In April this year, the research clinic at the Bristol Centre for Reproductive Medicine (BCRM), based at Southmead Hospital, recruited its first new BRIST-IVF study participants since March 2020, when the study paused as the UK went into its first lockdown.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 29.04.2021
UofG experts contribute to climate change briefing paper
Researchers from the University of Glasgow have contributed their expertise to a new report on how nature-based solutions could help nations mitigate and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Professor Nick Hanley and Professor Larissa Naylor are among the authors of Nature-based Solutions for Climate Change, People and Biodiversity , a briefing paper released Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health & Comparative Medicine by the COP26 Universities Network.

Health - 29.04.2021
Dispel myths and build trust to combat vaccine hesitancy among ethnic minority health workers
Dispel myths and build trust to combat vaccine hesitancy among ethnic minority health workers
Addressing misinformation, using more inclusive communication, and promoting vaccination through trusted networks, could play important roles in reducing the high rates of vaccine hesitancy among ethnic minority healthcare workers, finds a new study involving UCL researchers.