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Results 61 - 80 of 194.

Physics - 05.02.2020
The most powerful new particle accelerator could be a muon collider
Particle accelerators have many practical applications, from fundamental discoveries such as the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), to determining the structure of drugs and advanced materials, to the treatment of cancer. The LHC at CERN is the world's most powerful accelerator, but the main question is, what should be the next accelerator to replace the LHC at the highest possible energies once it ceases operation? A muon collider could be the answer.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.02.2020
Scottish scientists play a key part in new ’comprehensive’ map of cancer genomes
A collaborative global scientific effort, which includes a group of researchers from the University of Glasgow, has completed the most comprehensive study of whole cancer genomes to date. The work will significantly improve our fundamental understanding of cancer, signposting new directions for its diagnosis and treatment.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 05.02.2020
Branching out for a new green revolution
Researchers at the University of Oxford and the Chinese Academy of Sciences have discovered a new gene that improves the yield and fertilizer use efficiency of rice. The worldwide late-20 th century 'Green Revolution' saw dramatic year-by-year increases in global grain yields of rice and other cereals.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.02.2020
Genetic variants reduce risk of Alzheimer’s disease
A DNA study of over 10,000 people by UCL scientists has identified a class of gene variants that appear to protect against Alzheimer's disease. The findings, published in Annals of Human Genetics , suggest these naturally occurring gene variants reduce the functioning of proteins called tyrosine phosphatases, which are known to impair the activity of a cell signalling pathway known as PI3K/Akt/GSK-3'.

Life Sciences - 05.02.2020
Sheep know the grass isn’t always greener when it comes to their health
Sheep appear to forage and avoid parasites differently depending on how healthy they are, according to new University of Bristol research published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B. The study, which used remote GPS sensing data to monitor the foraging patterns of sheep, revealed less healthy animals chose to avoid high-quality vegetation due to a higher prevalence of ticks.

Environment - 05.02.2020
Birmingham’s liquid lead in cracking global energy storage challenge
Developed by University of Birmingham academics, liquid air energy storage could play a part in helping to crack the global challenge faced by electricity providers of balancing power supply and demand - thanks to a major research project. Led by energy experts at the University of Birmingham, MANIFEST (Multi-Scale Analysis for Facilities for Energy Storage) is a £5 million project that taps into Birmingham's long-standing expertise in cryogenic and thermal energy storage.

Environment - Life Sciences - 05.02.2020
Rewilding can help mitigate climate change, researchers highlight after conducting global assessment
A new study has shown that rewilding can help to mitigate climate change, delivering a diverse range of benefits to the environment with varied regional impacts. Research led by the University of Sussex and published in the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, provides a global assessment of the potential for trophic rewilding to help mitigate climate change.

Health - 05.02.2020
Artificial intelligence can spot when correlation means causation
A new artificial intelligence (AI) has allowed researchers at UCL and Babylon Health, for the first time, to demonstrate a useful and reliable way of sifting through masses of correlating data to spot when correlation means causation. By fusing old, overlapping and incomplete datasets this new method, inspired by quantum cryptography, paves the way for researchers to glean the results of medical trials that would otherwise be too expensive, difficult or unethical to run.

Pharmacology - Health - 05.02.2020
Into how peace of mind can influence parents’ attitude to vaccines
Many people experience peace of mind from getting their children vaccinated, according to new research from the University of Bristol. However, this benefit is currently being ignored when health bodies weigh up vaccine benefits to make decisions about whether or not to introduce vaccines or expand their coverage.

Life Sciences - 04.02.2020
Cuttlefish eat less for lunch when they know there'll be shrimp for dinner
Cuttlefish eat less for lunch when they know there’ll be shrimp for dinner
Cuttlefish can rapidly learn from experience and adapt their eating behaviour accordingly, a new study has shown.  This discovery could provide a valuable insight into the evolutionary origins of a complex cognitive ability Nicola Clayton When they know that shrimp - their favourite food - will be available in the evening, they eat fewer crabs during the day.

Art and Design - 04.02.2020
New algorithm helps uncover forgotten figures beneath Da Vinci painting
New algorithm helps uncover forgotten figures beneath Da Vinci painting
Imperial and National Gallery researchers have used a new algorithm to help visualise hidden drawings beneath Leonardo Da Vinci's Virgin of the Rocks. Imperial College London's Professor Pier Luigi Dragotti and National Gallery 's Dr Catherine Higgitt used the new algorithm combined with a technique called macro X-ray fluorescence (MA-XRF) scanning, which maps chemical elements within paintings.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 04.02.2020
Scientists uncover molecular ’first responder’ that triggers heart-attacking causing plaques
Oxford University scientist have discovered the molecular 'first responder' which detects disturbances in the flow of blood through the arteries, and responds by encouraging the formation of plaques which can lead to serious problems, including heart attack, stroke and even death.  The study, published in the journal  Nature , found that mice without this molecule in its right shape don't have clogged arteries, even when they eat an unhealthy high fat diet.

Astronomy / Space Science - 04.02.2020
Black hole discovery celebrated in special stamp set
A black hole simulation by UCL scientist Dr Ziri Younsi was revealed today in a special stamp collection and coin cover by Royal Mail to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS). Dr Younsi is part of the Event Horizon Telescope collaboration team who successfully captured the image of a black hole in a world first last year.

Health - Pharmacology - 04.02.2020
Researchers to investigate method of growing new blood vessels
Researchers to investigate method of growing new blood vessels
A heart attack is caused by a blockage of one or more coronary arteries of the heart, which prevents blood and oxygen reaching the heart muscle. Treatment for heart attacks include reopening the blocked coronary artery with stents or bypass surgery, though there are limitations with these treatments.

Physics - 04.02.2020
Sand dunes can 'communicate' with each other
Sand dunes can ’communicate’ with each other
Even though they are inanimate objects, sand dunes can 'communicate' with each other, researchers have found. A team from the University of Cambridge has found that as they move, sand dunes interact with and repel their downstream neighbours. We've discovered physics that hasn't been part of the model before Nathalie Vriend Using an experimental dune 'racetrack', the researchers observed that two identical dunes start out close together, but over time they get further and further apart.

Life Sciences - 03.02.2020
How the development of skulls and beaks made Darwin's famous finches one of the most diverse species of birds
How the development of skulls and beaks made Darwin’s famous finches one of the most diverse species of birds
Study of the finches has been relevant since the journeys of the HMS Beagle in the 18th century which catalysed some of the first ideas about natural selection in the mind of a young Charles Darwin. Despite many years of research which has led to a detailed understanding of the biology of these perching birds, including impressive decades-long studies in natural populations, there are still unanswered questions.

Health - Life Sciences - 03.02.2020
Tailor-made vaccines could almost halve rates of serious bacterial disease
New research has found that rates of disease caused by a common bacterium could be substantially reduced by changing our approach to vaccination. Researchers from the Wellcome Sanger Institute, Simon Fraser University in Canada and Imperial College London combined genomic data, models of bacterial evolution and predictive modelling to identify how vaccines could be optimised for specific age groups, geographic regions and communities of bacteria.

Physics - 03.02.2020
New non-sticky gels
New non-sticky gels
Scientists from the University of Bristol and Université Paris-Saclay have discovered a new class of material ' non-sticky gels. Until now gels have been made of particles that stick to one another to form a network. The research team, whose findings are published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , have now shown that networks and from and persist without the particles sticking to one another if the particles behave as liquid crystals.

Life Sciences - 31.01.2020
Novel insight into chromosome 21 and its effect on Down syndrome
Scientists have identified specific regions of chromosome 21 which cause problems in memory and decision-making in mice with Down's syndrome. They say it is the first time the areas have been determined - and suggest the findings may provide new insight into the condition in humans. Most people have 46 chromosomes - which carry genetic information - in each cell, divided into 23 pairs.

Life Sciences - Health - 31.01.2020
Analysis: Protective lungs cells replenish in ex-smokers reducing cancer risk
Research co-led by UCL has discovered that protective cells in the airways of ex-smokers could explain why quitting smoking reduces the risk of developing lung cancer. Here senior author, Professor Sam Janes (UCL Medicine), writes about the research and explains its importance. We know that quitting smoking is an excellent way to reduce your risk of developing lung cancer.

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