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Results 61 - 80 of 659.


Health - 19.06.2020
Signs of being prone to adult diabetes are already visible at age 8 years old
Early signs of being more susceptible to type 2 diabetes as an adult can be seen in children as young as 8 years old, decades before it is likely to be diagnosed, according to a new study published in Diabetes Care (19 June 2020). The research looked at the effects of a genetic risk score for developing type 2 diabetes as an adult on metabolism measured from blood samples taken from the participants in the study when they were aged 8, 16, 18, and 25 years.

Health - Social Sciences - 19.06.2020
Anxiety levels doubled in young people following COVID-19 lockdown, says study
Please note this is a preprint, so it is a preliminary piece of research that has not yet been through peer review and has not been published in a scientific journal - so this is early data. Young people's anxiety levels have doubled during the COVID-19 pandemic with 24% experiencing anxiety up from 13% in pre-pandemic waves, according to research from the University of Bristol.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.06.2020
SARS-CoV-2 transmission to animals: monitoring needed to mitigate risk
As evidence mounts for the possibility of SARS-CoV-2 infecting various animals, scientists at UCL say a global effort is needed to reduce the risk of the virus later returning to people. In a comment piece for The Lancet Microbe , researchers write that if the virus becomes common in an animal population that lives near people, such as pets or livestock, there would be a risk that another outbreak could occur even if the virus is eradicated in people in the area.

Mathematics - Life Sciences - 19.06.2020
An ant-inspired approach to mathematical sampling
An ant-inspired approach to mathematical sampling
In a paper published by the Royal Society, a team of Bristol researchers observed the exploratory behaviour of ants to inform the development of a more efficient mathematical sampling technique. Animals like ants have the challenge of exploring their environment to look for food and potential places to live.

Health - Sport - 19.06.2020
Simple oral health steps help improve elite athletes’ performance
Elite athletes who adopted simple oral health measures, such as using high fluoride toothpaste and cleaning between their teeth, reported significantly reduced negative effects on performance related to poor oral health, finds a new study led by UCL.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 19.06.2020
Mums doing lion’s share of childcare and home-learning during lockdown - even when both parents work
Government and employers must take stock to ensure mothers' long-term employment prospects are not disproportionately impacted by lockdown Childcare responsibilities during lockdown are not being shared equally between working parents, psychologists at the University of Sussex have found. Inequalities between parents for childcare and domestic duties have increased during the Covid-19 period.

Health - 18.06.2020
High cortisol levels associated with greater risk of death from COVID-19
COVID-19 patients with very high levels of the stress hormone cortisol in their blood are more likely to deteriorate quickly and die, say researchers. The study , led by NIHR Research Professor Waljit Dhillo from Imperial College London and Consultant Endocrinologist at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust , provides the first data to show that cortisol levels are a marker of the severity of the illness.

Health - 18.06.2020
Report estimates 9,000 non-COVID excess deaths from pandemic in England
Around 9,000 non-COVID-19 deaths in England during three months of the pandemic would not have occurred had the pandemic not happened. This is one of the findings of a new report looking at excess non-COVID-19 deaths in the period between 29 February to 5 June 2020, using historic trends. Although the majority of deaths over this time were not directly attributed to COVID-19, some may have indirectly been caused by the pandemic.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.06.2020
Viruses can steal our genetic code to create new human-virus genes
Scientists have shown that a large group of viruses, including the influenza viruses and other serious pathogens, steal genetic signals from their hosts to expand their own genomes. The study - a collaboration between the University of Glasgow and researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York, and published today in Cell - shows that, by stealing genetic signals from their hosts, viruses can produce a wealth of previously undetected proteins.

Health - 18.06.2020
Adults remain at home despite lockdown easing
People in the UK are continuing to spend several days a week at home, despite lockdown measures being eased, finds UCL's Covid-19 social study. The research shows that adults on average stayed at home or in their gardens four days a week at the start of lockdown, when one daily exercise and essential trip were allowed.

Social Sciences - History / Archeology - 18.06.2020
Discovery in UNESCO passage tomb points to Neolithic Irish dynasty
Evidence of an elite adult male conceived through a socially sanctioned incestuous relationship during the Neolithic period has been discovered in Ireland's largest passage tomb, finds a new study involving UCL and Trinity College Dublin. The remains were identified in New Grange, a 5,000 year-old passage tomb that sits within the UNESCO monumental site of Brú na Bóinne.

Pharmacology - Health - 18.06.2020
Simple blood test could one day diagnose motor neurone disease
Scientists at the University of Sussex have identified a potential pattern within blood which signals the presence of motor neuron disease; a discovery which could significantly improve diagnosis. Currently, it can take up to a year for a patient to be diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), more commonly known as motor neuron disease (MND).

Health - Pharmacology - 17.06.2020
Blood test to monitor cancer up to ten times more sensitive than current methods
Blood test to monitor cancer up to ten times more sensitive than current methods
A new method of analysing cancer patients' blood for evidence of the disease could be up to ten times more sensitive than previous methods according to new research led by the University of Cambridge.

Life Sciences - Palaeontology - 17.06.2020
Insect crunching reptiles on ancient islands of the UK
Insect crunching reptiles on ancient islands of the UK
By analysing the fossilised jaw mechanics of reptiles who lived in the Severn Channel region of the UK 200-million-years ago, researchers from the University of Bristol have shown that they weren't picky about the types of insects they ate - enjoying both crunchy and less crunchy varieties. The study, published today in the journal Palaeontology , describes how the team analysed the biomechanics of the skulls of some early lizard-like reptiles called rhynchocephalians to explore their diets.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.06.2020
’COVID-19 free’ hospitals to end cancer surgery backlog
A 'COVID-19 free cold site', set up to carry out non-emergency cancer surgeries, successfully operated on 500 consecutive patients, resulting in no coronavirus-related deaths at 30 days, reports a large cohort study led by UCL and University College London Hospitals.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.06.2020
Engineering cancer antibody therapies for Covid-19
UCL's Cancer Institute is repurposing a sophisticated antibody engineering approach, funded by the UCL Technology Fund (UCLTF), to research and develop a new treatment against Covid-19. A new project, led by Dr Martin Pule, Senior Lecturer in Haematology and Professor Kerry Chester, Department of Oncology, will investigate pivoting existing research used in the fight against cancer by creating a unique 'cocktail' of recombinant antibodies capable of preventing the virus from entering cells and removing it from circulation.

Health - 16.06.2020
Case isolation and contact tracing vital to COVID-19 epidemic control
Case isolation and contact tracing vital to COVID-19 epidemic control
In the absence of a vaccine or highly effective treatments for COVID-19, combining isolation and intensive contact tracing with physical distancing measures-such as limits on daily social or workplace contacts-might be the most effective and efficient way to achieve and maintain epidemic control, according to new modelling research published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal.

Health - 16.06.2020
Report looks at re-introducing elective surgery in English NHS
The conditions for re-introducing elective surgery in the English NHS whilst managing COVID-19 patients have been evaluated in a new report. Its authors found that all elective surgeries performed in the English NHS on a normal day could be reintroduced once COVID-19 patients require less than about 320 critical care beds.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 16.06.2020
Solar Orbiter makes first close approach to the Sun
ESA's Sun-exploring mission Solar Orbiter, which carries instruments proposed, designed and built at UCL, has made its first close approach to the Sun on June 15, getting as close as 77 million km to the star's surface, about half the distance between the Sun and Earth. In the week following this first perihelion, the point in the orbit closest to the Sun, the mission scientists will test the spacecraft's ten science instruments to prove that Solar Orbiter's telescopes are ready for future scientific observations.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.06.2020
Dexamethasone reduces death in hospitalised patients with severe respiratory complications of COVID-19
In March 2020, the RECOVERY (Randomised Evaluation of COVid-19 thERapY) trial was established as a randomised clinical trial to test a range of potential treatments for COVID-19, including low-dose dexamethasone (a steroid treatment). Over 11,500 patients have been enrolled from over 175 NHS hospitals in the UK.

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