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Results 41 - 60 of 322.

Social Sciences - Health - 24.03.2020
Repeat offenders’ lifestyles ’may put them at higher risk of coronavirus’
The “impulsive and risk-taking” lifestyles of repeat offenders means they are likely to be at higher risk of catching - and spreading - coronavirus, a leading criminologist suggests. Working with criminologists at Cambridge University, Professor Jonathan Shepherd, a surgeon and Cardiff University criminologist, found clear links between anti-social lifestyles and poor health.

Pharmacology - 24.03.2020
May help older adults stay physically capable for longer
Drug therapies that help older adults maintain their skeletal muscle mass and physical function for longer could be a step closer after researchers at the University of Birmingham identify a key mechanism that drives the clearance of damaged mitochondria. A team in the University's School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences are well-versed at investigating dynamic machinery within cells called mitochondria.

Business / Economics - 24.03.2020
Countries with weaker handwashing culture more exposed to COVID-19
Countries where people do not have a habit of washing their hands automatically tend to have a much higher exposure to coronavirus, a new study reveals. University of Birmingham researchers have discovered that at least 50% of people do not have a habit of automatic handwashing after using the toilet in China (77%), Japan (70%), South Korea (61%) and the Netherlands (50%).

Pharmacology - Administration - 24.03.2020
Oxford's COVID-19 research receives government funding
Oxford’s COVID-19 research receives government funding
Three Oxford-based COVID-19 projects are among the first to benefit from a share of £20 million in government investment. The three projects include work on an effective vaccine, enabling pre-clinical and clinical vaccine trials, as well as supporting researchers to develop manufacturing processes to produce a vaccine at a million-dose scale. Another project will examine how existing treatments could be repurposed to treat coronavirus.

Life Sciences - Environment - 24.03.2020
Bristol develops photosynthetic proteins for more sustainable solar-powered devices
Bristol develops photosynthetic proteins for more sustainable solar-powered devices
The initiative is part of a broader effort in the field of synthetic biology to use proteins in place of man-made materials which are often scarce, expensive and can be harmful to the environment when the device becomes obsolete. The aim of the study, published today , was the development of “chimera” photosynthetic complexes that display poly-chromatic solar energy harvesting.

Environment - Transport - 23.03.2020
Electric cars better for climate in 95% of the world
Electric cars better for climate in 95% of the world
Fears that electric cars could actually increase carbon emissions are unfounded in almost all parts of the world, new research shows. Understanding the effect of low-carbon innovations on relevant sectors of the economy, such as heating and transport, is crucial for the development of effective policy Pablo Salas Reports have questioned whether electric cars really are 'greener' once emissions from production and generating their electricity are taken into account.

Environment - 23.03.2020
Uncertainty about facts can be reported without damaging public trust in news - study
A series of experiments - including one on the BBC News website -finds the use of numerical ranges in news reports helps us grasp the uncertainty of stats while maintaining trust in data and its sources.  Ultimately we'd like to see the cultivation of psychological comfort around the fact that knowledge and data always contain uncertainty Sander van der Linden The numbers that drive headlines - those on Covid-19 infections, for example - contain significant levels of uncertainty: assumptions, limitations, extrapolations, and so on.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.03.2020
Fighting coronavirus: Imperial researchers secure funds to help tackle COVID-19
Fighting coronavirus: Imperial researchers secure funds to help tackle COVID-19
Two Imperial research projects are among the first to receive national funding as part of a stream of work to help fight the coronavirus pandemic. In the first round of funding announced by the UK Medical Research Council today, work will begin at the College to develop a potential antibody therapy for COVID-19, as well as clinical project to help to answer some of the key questions about the symptoms and course of the disease.

Life Sciences - Health - 23.03.2020
Brain reading technology could help development of brainwave-controlled devices
A new method to accurately record brain activity at scale has been developed by researchers at UCL, the Crick, and Stanford University. The technique could lead to new medical devices to help amputees, people with paralysis or people with neurological conditions such as motor neurone disease.

Environment - 20.03.2020
The right dose of geoengineering could reduce climate change risks
The right dose of geoengineering could reduce climate change risks
Injecting the right dose of sulphur dioxide into Earth's upper atmosphere to thicken the layer of light reflecting aerosol particles artificially could reduce the effects of climate change overall, according to UCL and Harvard researchers. Stratospheric aerosol geoengineering is the idea that adding a layer of aerosol particles to the upper atmosphere can reduce climate changes caused by greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 20.03.2020
In pictures: the Imperial lab developing a COVID-19 vaccine
In pictures: the Imperial lab developing a COVID-19 vaccine
Scores of researchers are racing to create a virus to combat the coronavirus COVID-19. Professor Robin Shattock and his team in Imperial College London's Department of Infectious Disease developed a candidate vaccine within 14 days of getting the sequence from China. They have been testing the vaccine on animals since 10 February and plan to move to clinical trials in the summer.

Life Sciences - 19.03.2020
Our complex evolutionary history
Our complex evolutionary history
A new study has provided the most comprehensive analysis of human genetic diversity to date, clarifying the genetic relationships between human populations around the world. It is remarkable that patterns of Neanderthal ancestry are so similar in populations around the world today, and may have derived from a single Neanderthal population.

Mathematics - 19.03.2020
Most beneficial places to plant new woodland revealed
Most beneficial places to plant new woodland revealed
A Research Fellow from the University of Sussex has worked with a team of mathematicians to help Natural England identify the most beneficial places to plant 10,000 hectares of new woodland. Eduard Campillo-Funollet collaborated with a team from the University of Bath to produce mathematical models and maps to help identify the hotspots for tree planting throughout England.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 19.03.2020
New data tests 'theory of everything'
New data tests ’theory of everything’
One of the biggest ideas in physics is the possibility that all known forces, particles, and interactions can be connected in one framework. String theory is arguably the best-known proposal for a 'theory of everything' that would tie together our understanding of the physical universe. If these particles are eventually detected it would change physics forever Christopher Reynolds Despite having many different versions of string theory circulating throughout the physics community for decades, there have been very few experimental tests.

Business / Economics - 19.03.2020
New insights into US flood vulnerability revealed from flood insurance big data
Instead, building damage at a given flood depth is highly variable and can be characterized by a beta distribution. When calculating flood risk - that is, translating modelled representations of the physical of phenomenon of flooding to its impacts - it is common to apply a 'depth-damage function' or curve, which relates a given water depth to a proportional building loss (for example one metre of water equals 50 per cent loss of building value).

Life Sciences - Physics - 18.03.2020
Researchers develop new theory to explain random movement of particles in fluids
Researchers develop new theory to explain random movement of particles in fluids
Mathematicians have developed a new theory to explain the strange, loopy motions seen in 'passive' particles immersed in 'active' fluids. The theory could help researchers understand how microorganisms forage for nutrients, and how randomness arises in real-life, out-of-equilibrium systems like financial markets.

Health - 18.03.2020
Scientists develop rapid testing technology for COVID-19
Scientists develop rapid testing technology for COVID-19
Scientists from the University of Oxford's Engineering Science Department and the Oxford Suzhou Centre for Advanced Research (OSCAR) have developed a rapid testing technology for the novel corona virus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19). The team, led by Prof. Zhanfeng Cui and Prof. Wei Huang, have been working to improve test capabilities as the virus spreads internationally.

Environment - Chemistry - 18.03.2020
Common treatments used on cattle have devastating impacts on wildlife
Common treatments used on cattle have devastating impacts on wildlife
Experts have stressed an urgent need to find alternatives to wormers and anti-ectoparasitic products used widely on cattle, following the findings of a study just published in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. Researchers from the University of Sussex looked at a body of published evidence into the environmental impact of anthelmintics — products used as wormers and anti-parasitic agents and widely applied across the world.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.03.2020
COVID-19: Imperial researchers model likely impact of public health measures
Researchers from Imperial have analysed the likely impact of multiple public health measures on slowing and suppressing the spread of coronavirus. The latest analysis comes from a team modelling the spread and impact COVID-19 and whose data are informing current UK government policy on the pandemic.

Politics - 17.03.2020
Has a Bristol mayor made a difference?
Mayoral governance in Bristol has boosted the visibility of city leadership and helped promote Bristol on the national and international stage, a new study has found. The research by UWE Bristol and the University of Bristol also showed the mayoral model of leadership had unnecessarily restricted the role of councillors and reduced citizens' belief in their ability to influence decisions.

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