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Results 21 - 40 of 66.


Life Sciences - Health - 14.01.2020
Brain blood flow sensor discovery could aid treatments for dementia
Researchers at UCL have discovered the mechanism that allows the brain to monitor its own blood supply, a finding in rats which may help to find new treatments for conditions including hypertension (high blood pressure) and dementia. For decades, scientists have suspected that the brain had a way of monitoring and regulating its own blood flow separate from the body-wide blood pressure control system, but until now no one had proven this.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.01.2020
Malnutrition linked with increased risk of Zika birth defects
The severity of Zika virus-related deformations in babies has been shown to be affected by environmental factors such as maternal nutrition. Environmental factors, such as the diets of pregnant women, have been shown to have an effect on the extent and severity of developmental malformations in babies associated with Zika virus (ZIKV) congenital infection.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.01.2020
Routine HIV screening in general practice boosts testing and early diagnosis
Offering HIV screening to new patients in general practice on a routine basis increases testing rates and improves detection and earlier diagnosis, according to research co-led by UCL and Queen Mary University of London HIV testing rates in general practice are low, despite testing being recommended in UK and international guidelines.

Environment - 14.01.2020
Thanks to clouds, new climate simulations predict more warming than predecessors
Thanks to clouds, new climate simulations predict more warming than predecessors
A new study suggests global warming effect is underestimated, but climate scientists say more research is needed. The most up-to-date computer simulations suggest that greenhouse gases emitted by human activity will leave the planet hotter than previously thought, researchers have found. A study that combines the outputs of nearly 30 new computer models that simulate the Earth's climate suggests that, if the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere doubles, then the average global temperature should increase by 3.9‘C.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 14.01.2020
X-rays and gravitational waves will combine to illuminate massive black hole collisions
A new study by a group of researchers at the University of Birmingham has found that collisions of supermassive black holes may be simultaneously observable in both gravitational waves and X-rays at the beginning of the next decade. The European Space Agency (ESA) has recently announced that its two major space observatories of the 2030s will have their launches timed for simultaneous use.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.01.2020
Lack of key protein reduces brain connections in schizophrenia
Lack of key protein reduces brain connections in schizophrenia
Brain scans have revealed for the first time how people with schizophrenia have reduced levels of a key protein which helps brain cells to communicate The findings, published today , have shown a lack of a protein called SV2A in the brains of those with schizophrenia, compared to those without. According to the researchers who carried out the study, the findings suggest the protein could provide a new target for research into potential treatments.

Environment - 14.01.2020
Climate change increases the risk of wildfires confirms new review
Human-induced climate change promotes the conditions on which wildfires depend, increasing their likelihood. This is according to a review of research on global climate change and wildfire risk published today. Wildfires can't be prevented, and the risks are increasing because of climate change. This makes it urgent to consider ways of reducing the risks to people.

Life Sciences - 14.01.2020
Researchers partner with BBC to test the nation's intelligence
Researchers partner with BBC to test the nation’s intelligence
How clever are you? Can you train yourself to be smarter? And is your reliance on your smartphone making you more stressed or less able to think? These are just a few of the questions researchers hope to help answer as part of a new BBC television programme. The Great British Intelligence Test aims to gauge how the nation fairs when it comes to using our brainpower and could provide new insight into how human intelligence works.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.01.2020
Long-term skin irritation linked to increased risk of tumour growth
Long-term skin irritation linked to increased risk of tumour growth
An antibody that usually helps defend the skin against harmful substances or infections may promote tumour growth during chronic tissue inflammation. One of the skin's defences against environmental assault can help tumours to grow when skin is exposed to chronic inflammation, finds a study in mice published today in eLife.

Social Sciences - Health - 14.01.2020
Wealth adds nine years to ’healthy’ life expectancy
The wealthiest men and women can expect to live an additional eight to nine years free from disability compared to people in the poorest groups, according to new UCL-led research.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 13.01.2020
Global diets have seen dramatic changes over past 50 years, reveals study
International food supply patterns are supporting healthier diets in parts of the world, but causing malnutrition and obesity elsewhere. Research carried out by the University of Kent and Imperial College London has revealed diets are changing in complex ways worldwide. Advances in science and technology, together with growing incomes, have allowed many nations to have access to a diversity of foods.

Social Sciences - Health - 13.01.2020
Rising temperatures may cause over 2000 fatal injuries per year in the US
A 2 degrees Celsius rise in temperatures could result in around 2,100 additional deaths from injuries every year in the United States. This is the finding of research from Imperial College London , Columbia University and Harvard University , published Medicine. In the study, funded by the US Environmental Protection Agency and the Wellcome Trust, the researchers calculated the number of additional fatal injuries that would occur in the US if temperatures rose by 1.5 and 2 degrees Celsius.

Environment - Life Sciences - 13.01.2020
Global database of all bird species shows how body shape predicts lifestyle
A database of 10,000 bird species shows how measurements of wings, beaks and tails can predict a species' role in an ecosystem. Given that many bird species perform important ecological functions, such as pollinating plants, spreading seeds, or controlling pests, the database may help scientists to understand and predict how the loss of species will affect ecosystem health.

Environment - Life Sciences - 13.01.2020
Global database of bird species shows how body shape predicts lifestyle
A database of 10,000 bird species shows how measurements of wings, beaks and tails can predict a species' role in an ecosystem, according to a study led by UCL and Imperial College London. Given that many bird species perform important ecological functions, such as pollinating plants, spreading seeds, or controlling pests, the database may help scientists to understand and predict how the loss of species will affect ecosystem health.

Astronomy / Space Science - 13.01.2020
TESS dates an ancient collision with our galaxy
A single bright star in the constellation of Indus, visible from the southern hemisphere, has revealed new insights on an ancient collision that our galaxy the Milky Way underwent with another smaller galaxy called Gaia-Enceladus early in its history. An international team of scientists led by the University of Birmingham adopted the novel approach of applying the forensic characterisation of a single ancient, bright star called ν Indi as a probe of the history of the Milky Way.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.01.2020
Researchers identify new genetic link to schizophrenia
Researchers identify new genetic link to schizophrenia
Cardiff University researchers have identified new mutations in a gene that provides novel insights into the biological causes of schizophrenia. Dr Elliott Rees, a research fellow at the Medical Research Council Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics, analysed genetic data from 3,444 families affected by schizophrenia, in the largest study of its kind.

Environment - Life Sciences - 13.01.2020
Researcher unites with global scientists to compile insect recovery action plan
Researcher unites with global scientists to compile insect recovery action plan
A Cardiff University scientist has joined forces with more than 70 other experts from around the world to create an action plan aimed at halting the dramatic decline of insects. Dr Hefin Jones, from Cardiff University's School of Biosciences, is among the experts who have collaborated on the roadmap for insect conservation and recovery.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 13.01.2020
Accelerated speed of discovery could lead to more effective smoking cessation aids
Accelerated speed of discovery could lead to more effective smoking cessation aids
As smokers know all too well, nicotine is highly addictive. It's hard to quit smoking, a habit that claims the lives of more than seven million people each year. Smoking tobacco delivers nicotine to the neuroreceptors responsible for addiction, affecting the nervous system and causing addiction. A new study, led by scientists from the University of Bristol, into the molecular interactions involved has revealed how these neuroreceptors respond to nicotine.

Life Sciences - 10.01.2020
Transformative 3D printing approach established from insight into developmental biology
Engineers need to get more creative in their approach to design and additive manufacturing (AM) systems, by taking inspiration from the way humans grow and develop, say researchers at the University of Birmingham. In a new paper, published in The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology , teams from the University's School of Engineering and Centre for Human Reproductive Science have proposed a design approach for AM, otherwise known as 3D printing, which opens a world of potential for the development of new materials and products.

Chemistry - Physics - 10.01.2020
Unused stockpiles of nuclear waste could be more useful than we might think, according to new study
Chemists have found a new use for the waste product of nuclear power - transforming an unused stockpile into a versatile compound which could be used to create valuable commodity chemicals as well as new energy sources. Depleted uranium (DU) is a radioactive by-product from the process used to create nuclear energy.

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