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Life Sciences - Health - 28.07.2020
Researchers identify evolutionary origins of SARS-CoV-2
By reconstructing the evolutionary history of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that is responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic, an international research team of Chinese, European and U.S. scientists has discovered that the lineage that gave rise to the virus has been circulating in bats for decades and likely includes other viruses with the ability to infect humans.

Environment - Life Sciences - 28.07.2020
Analysis: Mysterious evolution of wonky whale skulls revealed by new study
PhD student Ellen Coombs (UCL Biosciences and Natural History Museum) discusses a new study on 'wonky' whale skulls, explaining that whales have evolved increasingly asymmetrical skulls and discusses the likely reasons for this. Some whales are wonky. You might not know it to look at them, but their skulls are actually incredibly asymmetrical.

Health - Social Sciences - 28.07.2020
Frequent internet use improves mental health in older adults
Published today in the Journal of Medical Internet Research , it is the first study of its kind to examine the links between different internet usage and the associated impacts on mental health, and reveals that those from higher socioeconomic groups are reaping benefits to mental wellbeing not experienced by others.

Health - Career - 27.07.2020
Earlier lockdown would have saved lives of London bus drivers, suggests review
An independent review into the deaths of London bus drivers from COVID-19, led by the UCL Institute of Health Equity suggests an earlier lockdown would have saved lives. The review also shows that many of the drivers who died had underlying health conditions that put them at greater risk during the pandemic.  The independent review was commissioned by Transport for London (TfL) as an urgent response to understand more about the factors relating to the tragic deaths of colleagues in the bus industry.

Health - Veterinary - 27.07.2020
Scientists identify cat infected with SARS-CoV-2 in the UK
A team of scientists at the University of Glasgow has identified a cat in the UK that was infected with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. Researchers from the MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research (CVR) in partnership with the Veterinary Diagnostic Service (VDS) of the University's School of Veterinary Medicine made the discovery as part of their joint research programme in which they have screened hundreds of samples for COVID-19 infections in the feline population in the UK.

Health - Career - 27.07.2020
Review into deaths of London bus drivers suggests earlier lockdown would have saved lives
An independent review into the deaths of London bus drivers from COVID-19, led by the UCL Institute of Health Equity suggests an earlier lockdown would have saved lives The review also shows that many of the drivers who died had underlying health conditions that put them at greater risk  greater risk during the pandemic.

Health - 26.07.2020
Lockdown led to happiness rebound, after wellbeing plunged with onset of pandemic
Lockdown led to happiness rebound, after wellbeing plunged with onset of pandemic
New study is among the first to distinguish effects of pandemic from effects of lockdown when it comes to wellbeing in Britain. Lockdown may be the single most effective action a government can take during a pandemic to maintain psychological welfare Roberto Foa The coronavirus outbreak caused life satisfaction to fall sharply, but lockdown went a long way to restoring contentment - even reducing the "wellbeing inequality" between well-off professionals and the unemployed, according to a new study.

Health - 26.07.2020
Existing evidence suggests face coverings do not lead to false sense of security
Existing evidence suggests face coverings do not lead to false sense of security
Existing limited evidence suggests that wearing face coverings to protect against COVID-19 does not lead to a false sense of security and is unlikely to increase the risk of infection through wearers foregoing other behaviours such as good hand hygiene, say researchers from the University of Cambridge and King's College London.

Health - 24.07.2020
Digital iDEAS trial launched to help reduce alcohol intake
A new trial offering digital support to help people reduce their alcohol consumption has been launched by UCL researchers. With the apparent rise in drinking during the UK lockdown, investigators say the iDEAS study is timely. Since January 2016, UK Government guidelines have recommended that both men and women should not drink more than 14 units of alcohol per week.

Health - 24.07.2020
Digital iDEAS trial launched to help drinkers reduce intake
A new trial offering online digital support to help people reduce their alcohol consumption has been launched by UCL researchers. With the apparent rise in drinking during the UK lockdown, investigators say the iDEAS study is timely. Since January 2016, UK Government guidelines have recommended that both men and women should not drink more than 14 units of alcohol per week.

Health - Career - 24.07.2020
New Programme Helps Frontline Healthcare Workers at Risk from PTSD and Depression
Researchers from the Department of Experimental Psychology at the University of Oxford have developed a new mental health treatment programme to provide frontline healthcare workers with 1-to-1 support, including fast-track access to PTSD or depression treatment. This evidence-based programme, called SHAPE Recovery , builds on an outreach programme shown to reduce rates of PTSD and depression.

Earth Sciences - 24.07.2020
COVID-19 lockdown caused 50 percent global reduction in human-linked Earth vibrations
The lack of human activity during lockdown caused human-linked vibrations in the Earth to drop by an average of 50 percent between March and May 2020. The lack of human activity during lockdown caused human-linked vibrations in the Earth to drop by an average of 50 percent between March and May 2020.

Health - Pharmacology - 24.07.2020
Simple urine test could significantly improve detection of adrenal cancer
Over a six-year period, researchers studied more than 2000 patients with newly diagnosed adrenal tumours from 14 centres of the European Network for the Study of Adrenal Tumours (ENSAT) Using a simple urine test alongside routine imaging for patients with adrenal masses could speed up adrenal cancer diagnosis, improving patient's prognosis and reducing the need for invasive diagnostic procedures, a new multi-centre study published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology has found.

Health - Life Sciences - 23.07.2020
Vikings had smallpox and may have helped spread the world's deadliest virus
Vikings had smallpox and may have helped spread the world’s deadliest virus
Scientists have discovered extinct strains of smallpox in the teeth of Viking skeletons - proving for the first time that the killer disease plagued humanity for at least 1400 years.  Just as people travelling around the world today quickly spread COVID-19, it is likely Vikings spread smallpox. Only back then, they travelled by ship rather than plane.

Religions - 23.07.2020
Mother Teresa and Albanian Christianity are intertwined - study
Mother Teresa's life and the history of Albania - especially its people's relationship with Roman Catholicism - are intertwined, with the humanitarian icon epitomising her nation's cultural and spiritual DNA, the new study Mother Teresa: The Saint and Her Nation reveals. Its author, Dr Gėzim Alpion , from the University of Birmingham, claims that personal tragedies and Albanian origins helped shape Mother Teresa into the most influential religious personality of our times.

Health - Physics - 23.07.2020
New CT scan method lowers radiation exposure
A CT scan technique that splits a full X-ray beam into thin beamlets can deliver the same quality of image at a much reduced radiation dose, according to a new UCL study. The technique, demonstrated on a small sample in a micro CT scanner, could potentially be adapted for medical scanners and used to reduce the amount of radiation millions of people are exposed to each year.

Environment - Life Sciences - 23.07.2020
Scientists outline potential of soil-free farming which could see crops grown in the desert
Scientists outline potential of soil-free farming which could see crops grown in the desert
Vertical farming is a type of indoor agriculture where crops are cultivated in stacked systems with water, lighting and nutrient sources carefully controlled and supported by artificial intelligence in which machines are taught to manage day-to-day horticultural tasks. Part of a rapidly growing sector, vertical farming is set to grow by 21 per cent by 2025 according to recent forecasts 1 .

Health - Pharmacology - 23.07.2020
Key to restricting antibiotic resistant bacteria | University of Oxford
Key to restricting antibiotic resistant bacteria | University of Oxford
Antibiotic resistance poses a significant threat to human health on a global scale. It has been predicted that resistant infections will cause 10 million deaths per year by 2050. Given that antibiotics are crucial in many areas of medicine, it is important to understand how antibiotic use influences the likelihood that resistance will emerge in response to treatment.  Researchers from the 's Department of Zoology have discovered that moderate doses of antibiotics restrict the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Life Sciences - Health - 23.07.2020
The genetic basis of bats’ superpowers revealed
For the first time, the raw genetic material that codes for bats' unique adaptations and superpowers such as the ability to fly, to use sound to move effortlessly in complete darkness, to survive and tolerate deadly diseases, to resist ageing and cancer - has been fully revealed and published in Nature .

Social Sciences - 23.07.2020
Young people "withdrawn" in the bedroom are less socially isolated than previous thought
Technology and online networks play a vital role to help marginalised or "hidden youth" feel connected in the digital age, a University of Glasgow academic has found. Dr Mark Wong, a lecturer in Social and Public Policy, has been looking at the so-called "hidden youth" phenomenon, where teenagers hid away in the bedrooms for months or years and communicate only online.
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