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Results 161 - 180 of 194.


Environment - Life Sciences - 13.01.2020
Global database of all bird species shows how body shape predicts lifestyle
A database of 10,000 bird species shows how measurements of wings, beaks and tails can predict a species' role in an ecosystem. Given that many bird species perform important ecological functions, such as pollinating plants, spreading seeds, or controlling pests, the database may help scientists to understand and predict how the loss of species will affect ecosystem health.

Environment - Life Sciences - 13.01.2020
Global database of bird species shows how body shape predicts lifestyle
A database of 10,000 bird species shows how measurements of wings, beaks and tails can predict a species' role in an ecosystem, according to a study led by UCL and Imperial College London. Given that many bird species perform important ecological functions, such as pollinating plants, spreading seeds, or controlling pests, the database may help scientists to understand and predict how the loss of species will affect ecosystem health.

Astronomy / Space Science - 13.01.2020
TESS dates an ancient collision with our galaxy
A single bright star in the constellation of Indus, visible from the southern hemisphere, has revealed new insights on an ancient collision that our galaxy the Milky Way underwent with another smaller galaxy called Gaia-Enceladus early in its history. An international team of scientists led by the University of Birmingham adopted the novel approach of applying the forensic characterisation of a single ancient, bright star called ν Indi as a probe of the history of the Milky Way.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.01.2020
Researchers identify new genetic link to schizophrenia
Researchers identify new genetic link to schizophrenia
Cardiff University researchers have identified new mutations in a gene that provides novel insights into the biological causes of schizophrenia. Dr Elliott Rees, a research fellow at the Medical Research Council Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics, analysed genetic data from 3,444 families affected by schizophrenia, in the largest study of its kind.

Environment - Life Sciences - 13.01.2020
Researcher unites with global scientists to compile insect recovery action plan
Researcher unites with global scientists to compile insect recovery action plan
A Cardiff University scientist has joined forces with more than 70 other experts from around the world to create an action plan aimed at halting the dramatic decline of insects. Dr Hefin Jones, from Cardiff University's School of Biosciences, is among the experts who have collaborated on the roadmap for insect conservation and recovery.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 13.01.2020
Accelerated speed of discovery could lead to more effective smoking cessation aids
Accelerated speed of discovery could lead to more effective smoking cessation aids
As smokers know all too well, nicotine is highly addictive. It's hard to quit smoking, a habit that claims the lives of more than seven million people each year. Smoking tobacco delivers nicotine to the neuroreceptors responsible for addiction, affecting the nervous system and causing addiction. A new study, led by scientists from the University of Bristol, into the molecular interactions involved has revealed how these neuroreceptors respond to nicotine.

Life Sciences - 10.01.2020
Transformative 3D printing approach established from insight into developmental biology
Engineers need to get more creative in their approach to design and additive manufacturing (AM) systems, by taking inspiration from the way humans grow and develop, say researchers at the University of Birmingham. In a new paper, published in The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology , teams from the University's School of Engineering and Centre for Human Reproductive Science have proposed a design approach for AM, otherwise known as 3D printing, which opens a world of potential for the development of new materials and products.

Chemistry - Physics - 10.01.2020
Unused stockpiles of nuclear waste could be more useful than we might think, according to new study
Chemists have found a new use for the waste product of nuclear power - transforming an unused stockpile into a versatile compound which could be used to create valuable commodity chemicals as well as new energy sources. Depleted uranium (DU) is a radioactive by-product from the process used to create nuclear energy.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 09.01.2020
Feeling full happens in the brain as well as the stomach: Sussex professor explains in new podcast
Feeling full happens in the brain as well as the stomach: Sussex professor explains in new podcast
Professor Martin Yeomans ' research is helping food producers address the growing problem of obesity. In the latest episode of Impacted , the University of Sussex podcast series about research for real change, Yeomans explains how sharing his research on satiety with industry helps manufacturers create new food products that satisfy consumers and reduce the risk of overeating.

Life Sciences - 09.01.2020
Protein supplement could help weight loss after exercise
Combining an appetite-supressing supplement with moderate exercise could help to burn fat faster, according to new research. The findings, published in the journal Metabolism , build on previous work looking at a supplement called inulin-propionate ester (IPE), which may help to reduce cravings for high-calorie foods and boost rates of fat oxidisation - the process by which the body ‘burns' fat.

Astronomy / Space Science - 09.01.2020
Scientists spot spectacular neutron star collision
Scientists spot spectacular neutron star collision
The spectacular collision of two neutron stars over 500 million light-years away from Earth has been spotted through the detection of gravitational waves. The neutron stars - remnants of dying stars that undergo catastrophic explosions as they collapse at the end of their lives - merged into an unusually large single object that was around 3.4 times the mass of our sun, the team report.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 09.01.2020
Scientists use ancient marine fossils to unravel long-standing climate puzzle
Scientists use ancient marine fossils to unravel long-standing climate puzzle
During this period, known as the middle Miocene Climate Optimum, global temperatures were as much as 3 to 4 degrees warmer than today's average temperatures, similar to estimates for 2100. The position of the continents were similar to today and the seas were flourishing with life. This period, which occurred between 15 and 17 million years ago, has puzzled geologists for decades as they have tried to explain the initial cause of the global warming and the environmental conditions that existed on Earth afterwards.

Environment - 08.01.2020
Sea-ice-free Arctic makes permafrost vulnerable to thawing
New research led by scientists at the University of Oxford's Department of Earth Sciences, and at the Geological Survey of Israel, provides evidence from Siberian caves suggesting that summer sea ice in the Arctic Ocean plays an essential role in stabilising permafrost and its large store of carbon.

Chemistry - 08.01.2020
Catalytic protocells get zingy
Catalytic protocells get zingy
From the synthesis of drugs to the generation of plastics, catalysts - substances that speed up chemical reactions without being consumed - are the backbone of many industrial processes. Catalysts come in many forms such as inorganic nanoparticles, organic liquids and aqueous enzymes, and can be linked to solid surfaces to increase their performance.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.01.2020
Key to Iron Age ’Heslington brain’ preservation
The 2,600-year-old Heslington brain, discovered in 2008 near York in the UK, was probably so well-preserved due to tightly folded brain proteins, finds a new UCL-led study. The brain matter was the only soft tissue that remained in the skull, which dated from around 673-482 BCE. The new findings, published in Journal of the Royal Society Interface , suggest that the first few months after the person's death may have been key to the extraordinary degree of brain preservation.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.01.2020
2,600-year-old brain preserved with protein folding
The 2,600-year-old Heslington brain, discovered in 2008 near York in the UK, was likely so well-preserved due to tightly folded brain proteins, finds a new UCL-led study. The brain matter was the only soft tissue that remained in the skull, which dated from around 673-482 BCE. The new findings, published in Journal of the Royal Society Interface , suggest that the first few months after the person's death may have been key to the extraordinary degree of brain preservation.

Materials Science - 08.01.2020
Early humans optimised stone tool use at Tanzania’s Olduvai Gorge
Early Stone Age populations living up to 1.8 million years ago made complex decisions in selecting different types of stone to optimise a variety of cutting tools, according to a new study by UCL, University of Kent and the Centre for Human and Social Sciences, Spain. The study, published in the Journal of Royal Society Interface , offers new insight into the complexity of stone tool use, design and production.

Health - 07.01.2020
Immune cell discovery opens door to new powerful cancer therapies
Scientists at UCL have identified how a subset of immune cells are activated to kill cancerous cells, a finding in mice which could hold the key to new powerful therapies against cancer. This new study built on previous research*, also led by Professors Sergio Quezada and Karl Peggs (both UCL Cancer Institute), which found that following immunotherapy some CD4+ T cells, traditionally thought to be 'helper' and 'regulator' immune cells, become cytotoxic and directly engage with and kill cancer cells.

Physics - 07.01.2020
Smoking may leave a legacy of increased pain even after quitting
Former daily smokers report higher levels of pain than people who have never smoked daily, and their pain levels are similar to people who currently smoke daily, according to a new UCL study The paper, published today in Addictive Behaviors, analysed data from just over 220,000 people in the UK aged 16+ who had never smoked daily, used to smoke daily, or currently smoked daily.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.01.2020
Detailed genetic study provides most comprehensive map of risk to date of breast cancer risk
Detailed genetic study provides most comprehensive map of risk to date of breast cancer risk
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