News 2019


Social Sciences

Results 41 - 60 of 74.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 05.09.2019
Generational study looks for biological links between adverse childhood experiences and self-harm
New research from the University of Bristol is the first to use a large generational family study to examine links between childhood trauma, the impact of inflammation and self-harm. Epidemiologists examined 4300 young people in Bristol's Children of the 90s study to see if adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) such as experiencing abuse, witnessing domestic violence or having separated parents are linked to self-harm at the age of 16.

Social Sciences - 21.08.2019
Young people with vision impairment face a cliff edge when leaving education to find work
The University of Birmingham have published the results of a Longitudinal Transition Study, funded by Thomas Pocklington Trust, following the experiences of young people with vision impairment from secondary school into further education and employment. Findings from the study show that whilst participants are inching closer to the labour market, common challenges were identified: Just over a fifth (21 per cent) are either 'Not in Education, Employment, or Training' (NEET) or in long term unpaid voluntary work.

Social Sciences - 16.08.2019
’Follow the leader’ mentality a hallmark of gang rape
Physically violent rapes by multiple perpetrators are most frequently carried out by groups in which a strong leader is able to influence the behaviour of followers, new research shows. According to a study carried out by researchers at the University of Birmingham, Lancaster University and the University of Gloucestershire , the ways in which peer group members mimic the actions of group leaders is a key hallmark of these attacks.

Social Sciences - 14.08.2019
Uncovers how heavy social media use disrupts girls’ mental health
Frequent, heavy social media use can disrupt activities which promote positive mental health in girls, new research suggests. The findings come from the first comprehensive observational study into how very frequent use of platforms such as Instagram, Facebook, Snapchat and WhatsApp may harm the mental health of young people.

Social Sciences - 09.08.2019
Bone strength could be linked to when you reached puberty
A new study from the University of Bristol has linked bone strength to the timing of puberty. Published today (Friday 9 August) in JAMA Network Open researchers looked at six repeated bone scans from 6389 children in Bristol's Children of the 90s study between the ages of ten and 25 to assess if the timing of puberty had any influence on bone density throughout adolescence and into early adulthood.

Social Sciences - 09.08.2019
Children at risk of sexual exploitation need better support, report concludes
Children who are constantly moved around the social care system are more likely to be vulnerable to sexual exploitation, new research concludes. Dr Sophie Hallett of Cardiff University led the study, which used case records to track a cohort of 205 children involved with social services in one Welsh local authority.

Social Sciences - 07.08.2019
Self-harm incidents in Welsh prisons reach new high
The number of self-harm incidents in Welsh prisons has reached record levels, figures from Cardiff University's Wales Governance Centre show. Drawing on data from Freedom of Information requests as well as publicly available Ministry of Justice figures, the report shows that self-harm incidents (excluding HMP Berwyn*) rose by 16% in the year ending March 2019, following a record figure the previous year.

Social Sciences - 19.07.2019
Left wing radicalism linked to sympathy for violent extremism
The more strongly someone agrees with the ideas of revolutionary left-wing groups, the more likely they are to sympathise with violent extremism, finds a first of-its-kind study. The new report , by academics at the University of Bristol, Goldsmiths and King's College London, used an innovative survey to measure sympathy for violent extremism and alignment with values similar to those promoted by revolutionary left-wing groups.

Social Sciences - Politics - 27.06.2019
UK-first as 960,000 project explores integration in Bristol
A unique new project led by the University of Bristol has received a 960,000 boost to improve integration across Bristol by exploring how its citizens and communities share spaces and move around the city. University researchers on the 'Everyday Integration' project, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), will work with Bristol City Council and 29 community partners to identify existing best-practice and better understand how to overcome the various barriers people currently face.

Social Sciences - 25.06.2019
Societies take four to eight years to adjust to religious diversity, finds new study
A new study from the University of Birmingham and the University of Oxford has found that while changes to religious diversity may lead to a short-term decrease in quality of life for communities, this is reversed in the long term as societies adjust to multiculturalism. In this study, funded by the Nuffield Foundation, the authors conducted the most in-depth analysis to date of religious diversity and its effects on societal wellbeing.

Social Sciences - 25.06.2019
Sussex academics lead on report to improve safeguarding in international development research
A report aiming to improve safeguarding in international development research has been produced by Sussex academics after they were commissioned by the UK Collaborative on Development Research (UKCDR). Dr David Orr from the School of Education and Social Work (ESW), Dr Synne Dyvik and Dr Gabrielle Daoust from the School of Global Studies, along with Sushri Sangita Puhan and Professor Janet Boddy also at ESW, were commissioned to conduct an independent evidence review into safeguarding issues that may arise in the international development research context.

Environment - Social Sciences - 24.06.2019
Ancient intervention could boost dwindling water reserves in coastal Peru
Methods from 1,400 years ago could boost water availability during Lima's dry season, according to new Imperial College London research. Nestled between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes mountains , the people of Peru 's coastal region rely on surface water from the Andes for drinking water, industry, and animal and crop farming.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 20.06.2019
How in times of trouble animals also stand together
Faced with potential violence from rival factions, dwarf mongoose groupmates pull together and behave more co-operatively, according to a new study by University of Bristol researchers published today [Thursday 20 June]. Conflict between rival groups is common throughout the animal world, from ants to chimpanzees, but its consequences have been little studied.

Social Sciences - 17.06.2019
Murder of Jo Cox used by "digital prophets" to widen divides before EU vote
MP Jo Cox's murder sparked a wave of inaccurate speculation on social media which may have influenced voters before the EU Referendum, research concludes. Cardiff University's Crime and Security Research Institute analysed nearly 44,000 tweets mentioning key terms "Jo Cox" and "Brexit", which were posted in the run up to the crucial vote.

Social Sciences - 17.06.2019
Review of Intensive Family Preservation Services
Intensive social work designed to help families in crisis is effective in preventing children from entering care, research has found. In association with its research partner the Children's Social Care Research and Development Centre (CASCADE) at Cardiff University, What Works for Children's Social Care has launched its latest report examining the evidence-base and effectiveness of Intensive Family Preservation Services (IFPS).

Social Sciences - 13.06.2019
Pre-qualifying education and training helps health workers tackle gender based violence
Gender-based violence (GBV) could be tackled more effectively by giving healthcare students wider and more practical education and training in identifying and responding to the 'warning signs' presented among patients they will encounter in professional life, according to a new study. Introducing effective GBV educational strategies before healthcare staff qualify would help to reduce the serious health and social threat to people - mainly women - around the globe.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 12.06.2019
Dolphins form friendships through shared interests just like us
When it comes to making friends, it appears dolphins are just like us and form close friendships with other dolphins that have a common interest. The findings, published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B by an international team of researchers from the Universities of Bristol, Zurich and Western Australia, provides further insight into the social habits of these remarkable animals.

Social Sciences - 12.06.2019
Male victims of domestic abuse face significant barriers to getting help
Men who experience domestic violence and abuse face significant barriers to getting help and access to specialist support services, according to a study by researchers at the University of Bristol's Centre for Academic Primary Care and Centre for Gender and Violence Research published in BMJ Open today [Wednesday 12 June].

Social Sciences - 11.06.2019
The best marine protected areas also promote human wellbeing
Marine protected areas set up to provide the most benefit to local ecosystems also benefit human wellbeing the most, according to new research. Marine protected areas (MPAs) are regions of seas, oceans or estuaries where human activities are restricted, especially fishing. MPAs can vary across countries and regions in terms of their governance and which activities are allowed.

Social Sciences - 10.06.2019
New campaign to end the effects of lookism by collective social action
A researcher from the University of Birmingham is calling for collective social action to acknowledge the effects of lookism* in our visual and virtual culture. While the word lookism is not new, Professor Heather Widdows argues that it is a prejudice that is more prevalent and more damaging in a virtual culture where our bodies are ourselves.