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Social Sciences - 13.11.2019
University reading lists dominated by white European men
University reading lists are not representative of the student body and tend towards overrepresentation of white, male and Eurocentric viewpoints, a new study from UCL has found. The study, published in Higher Education, analysed 144 authors of Social Science papers and 146 authors of Science papers included in two university reading lists, gathering data on gender, ethnicity and the country in which the researchers' affiliated institutions were based.

Health - Social Sciences - 11.11.2019
Arts ’crucial’ to reducing poor health and inequality
Engaging in artistic activities such as singing and dancing from a young age can reduce social inequalities and encourage healthy behaviours, according to a new report from UCL and the World Health Organisation (WHO). The study, published today, is the world's largest review to date into the health benefits of the arts.

Social Sciences - 09.11.2019
Looked for links between teenage anxiety and later harmful drinking
Looked for links between teenage anxiety and later harmful drinking
The study, published today (Monday 11 November) in Drug and Alcohol Dependence at the start of Alcohol Awareness Week (11 - 17 November) strengthens the evidence for a relationship between anxiety and later alcohol use as the researchers accounted for other factors such as adolescent smoking and cannabis use, and parental anxiety and alcohol use.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 01.11.2019
Gannets learn to hunt by following their elders
Gannets, the largest seabirds in the North Atlantic, can travel hundreds of miles from their homes just to catch food for their chicks. However, with around a million square miles of ocean to choose from, it has always been a mystery how they decide where is best to search for fish. Now, new research led by the University of Glasgow and published today in the Journal of Avian Biology, offers new insights into why these iconic shaped seabirds choose to hunt the way they do.

Social Sciences - 24.10.2019
Brexit vote linked to rise in discrimination and anxiety among migrants
The social climate in the UK following the European Union (EU) referendum has had a detrimental impact on migrants' mental health, according to a new study led by UCL. The study, published today in theá American Psychological Association'sá Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psycholog y, suggests that the result of the 2016 Brexit referendum has contributed to a rise in discrimination and anxiety amongst migrants living in the UK.

Social Sciences - 15.10.2019
Lowest-paid workers have longest retirements
The lowest-paid workers in the UK have three more years of retirement on average compared to their professional counterparts, but are more likely to suffer ill health after stopping work, a new UCL-led study suggests. The study, published today in The Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health , examined the length of time between stopping work and dying among people in England and Wales born before 1951.

Social Sciences - 15.10.2019
New links between food access and risk of malnutrition for older people
New research has highlighted that food insecurity - a measure of the availability of food and individuals' ability to access it - is putting older people in Scotland at risk of becoming underweight and malnourished. The ongoing study from the University of Glasgow and the Scottish charity Food Train is focused on the current issues facing older adults and food access.

Social Sciences - 15.10.2019
High numbers of young people experimenting with gambling
Two fifths (41%) of young people aged 11 to 16 report having engaged in gambling in the past year, a study shows. The analysis from Cardiff University academics, the largest of its kind in the UK, reveals fruit machines at an arcade, pub or club were the most popular form of gambling, followed by playing cards for money with friends and purchasing scratch cards.

Social Sciences - Computer Science / Telecom - 15.10.2019
Increase in online hate speech leads to more crimes against minorities
An increase in hate speech on social media leads to more crimes against minorities in the physical world, a study shows. Academics from Cardiff University's HateLab project collected Twitter and police recorded crime data from London over an eight-month period to analyse whether a significant association existed.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 14.10.2019
Opinion: Mental health is a care we must share
Professor Peter Fonagy, Head of UCL Psychology & Language Sciences, writes about how wide social networks can help to shield people from mental disorder, arguing that we should celebrate this collective responsibility. The government published its first national review of children and young people's mental wellbeing on 10 October, World MentaláHealtháDay.

Social Sciences - Law - 10.10.2019
Update ‘nearest relative’ criteria under Mental Health Act to increase patient choice
The system in place under the Mental Health Act that places decision-making powers in the hands of the nearest relatives for people who are sectioned needs to be extended to others to improve patient choice, according to new research. The study, from academics at the universities of Bath, Bristol and the University of the West of England published in the journal Health & Social Care in the Community , identifies challenges to the existing system and makes recommendations for policy-makers and practitioners.

Social Sciences - 09.10.2019
Irony and humour keep teenage #gymlads healthy on social media
Teenage boys rely on social media to access a wealth of information about living a healthy lifestyle - but rather than being victims of online harms, such as an unhealthy body image obsession, the majority are able to use humour, irony and banter to navigate social media content. In a new study, published in Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, researchers in the University of Birmingham's School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences , investigated how young boys use Instagram, Snapchat and YouTube to learn about physical activity, diet, and body image.

Health - Social Sciences - 07.10.2019
UNAIDS HIV targets will be missed among gay men in Africa
UNAIDS HIV targets will be missed among gay men in Africa
Despite improvements in HIV testing among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Africa, many are missing out on HIV treatment. This is the finding of research, led by Imperial College London , which analysed data from 75 independent studies involving 44,993 MSM across 28 African countries, between 2004 and 2018.

Social Sciences - 04.10.2019
People eat more when dining with friends and family - study
People eat more with friends and family than when dining alone - a possible throwback to our early ancestors' approach to survival, according to a new study. This phenomenon is known as ‘social facilitation'. Previous studies found that those eating with others ate up to 48% more food than solo diners and women with obesity eating socially consumed up to 29% more than when eating alone.

Social Sciences - 03.10.2019
"Children’s voices" omitted from care records, UCL study finds
The social care records of looked-after children and young people need to include those children's voices, according to a collaborative research project led by UCL with the Care Leaver's Association and the charity Family Action. The MIRRA (Memory - Identity - Rights in Records - Access) project, led by Professor Elizabeth Shepherd (UCL Information Studies), collected interview and focus group data from more than 80 care leavers, social work practitioners and information professionals.

Social Sciences - 24.09.2019
Action needed to reduce Wales’ prison population
Wales should be following the lead of other nations and developing credible alternatives to imprisonment, a report says. Having previously disclosed that Wales has the highest average imprisonment rate in Western Europe, academics from Cardiff University's Wales Governance Centre say their analysis of six other judicial systems shows policymakers in Wales how they could potentially reverse this trend.

Environment - Social Sciences - 19.09.2019
How can more walking be encouraged in cities?
A report investigating travel habits in seven European cities reveals environmental and social drivers that make people choose to walk. The new research reveals these include social factors such as how safe people feel and how concerned they are about air pollution, and urban design, such as how connected streets are and how close people are to public transport links.

Social Sciences - 19.09.2019
Women’s exercise time must be ’valued’
Women benefit hugely from running but society must ensure their exercise time is not compromised by work and family commitments, new research from Cardiff University suggests. Researchers partnered Cardiff University/Cardiff Half Marathon organisers Run 4 Wales to investigate why women run and the barriers around participation.

Social Sciences - 17.09.2019
Major new report takes stock of violence in Scotland
Researchers based at the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research have published a major new report which consolidates existing knowledge on violence in Scotland. A wealth of research has been conducted in Scotland over the last decade which has been essential in helping us understand violent offending in this country, but this is the first time that evidence has been compiled into one document.

Social Sciences - 13.09.2019
Most Britons think EU immigration rules would provide "enough control"
Most British adults, including a majority of Leave voters, think existing EU rules would provide "enough control" over EU immigration, according to a UCL and University of Cambridge survey conducted by YouGov. Crucially, the survey revealed that few people are aware of restrictions the UK could enforce under existing EU free movement regulations.
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