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Life Sciences - Health - 21.08.2019
’Key player’ identified in genetic link to psychiatric conditions
Scientists have identified a specific gene they believe could be a key player in the changes in brain structure seen in several psychiatric conditions, such as schizophrenia and autism. The team from Cardiff University's Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute has found that the deletion of the gene CYFIP1 leads to thinning of the insulation that covers nerve cells and is vital for the smooth and rapid communications between different parts of the brain.

Health - 21.08.2019
UofG-led UK inflammatory arthritis research centre receives continued funding
A national centre researching inflammatory arthritis will receive continued funding of nearly 2m over five years from Versus Arthritis, it has been announced. The Research into Inflammatory Arthritis Centre Versus Arthritis (RACE) is a University of Glasgow-led collaboration between the Universities of Birmingham, Glasgow, Newcastle, and Oxford, led by Prof Iain McInnes, Director of the University's Institute of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation.

Pharmacology - Health - 20.08.2019
Aggressive brain tumour could be diagnosed with simple blood test
Aggressive brain tumour could be diagnosed with simple blood test
New research by Sussex scientists could be the first step towards developing a blood test to diagnose the most aggressive type of brain tumour, known as Glioblastoma. A team from Professor Georgios Giamas' lab at the University of Sussex has identified novel biomarkers within bodily fluids, which signal the presence of the tumour.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.08.2019
New insight into bacterial infections found in the noses of healthy cattle
New insight into bacterial infections found in the noses of healthy cattle
New research led by academics at the University of Bristol Veterinary and Medical Schools used the 'One Health' approach to study three bacterial species in the noses of young cattle and found the carriage of the bacteria was surprisingly different. The findings which combined ideas and methods from both animal and human health research could help prevent and control respiratory diseases.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.08.2019
Relaxing of regulations for regenerative medicines has cascading effect internationally, new research warns
Countries that relax regulations for regenerative medicines could be causing a downward spiral in international standards, according to new research published today. Researchers warn that if just one country decides to relax regulations in the field, a heightened sense of competition can spur others to do the same.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.08.2019
Dog detectives sniff out harmful bacteria causing lung infections
Dog detectives sniff out harmful bacteria causing lung infections
Sniffer dogs have been trained to detect ultra-low concentrations of bacteria which cause lung infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. In a study by Imperial College London and the charity Medical Detection Dogs , researchers found that specially trained medical detection dogs were able to detect ultra-low concentrations of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa), the most common cause of lung infection in people with CF.

Health - 13.08.2019
Researcher calls for more action to tackle sleep disorders
Finding new ways to treat breathing problems during sleep should be a priority for the NHS, says an Imperial expert. Professor Mary Morrell, Professor of Sleep and Respiratory Physiology at the National Heart and Lung Institute, talked about her work to develop new treatments and technologies to treat obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in older patients at the Imperial College Academic Health Science Centre seminar earlier this month.

Health - Life Sciences - 13.08.2019
Researcher discusses the mystery of why we sleep
Poor sleep can badly affect health but we still do not understand the purpose of sleep, said an Imperial researcher at a recent talk. Professor Nick Franks, Professor of Biophysics and Anaesthetics at Imperial College London, talked about his work on the neuroscience of sleep and what is understood about the role of sleep at the Imperial College Academic Health Science Centre (AHSC) seminar earlier this month.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.08.2019
Scientists untangle links between our genes and intake of alcohol and of salt
Scientists have shed light on the complicated relationship between the makeup of our DNA and how much alcohol we drink. In another study, they have explored the links between our genes and our intake of salt. Genetic markers linked with alcohol intake In the first study, published in Nature Human Behaviour , the international team, led by Imperial College London, identified new genetic markers associated with alcohol intake.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.08.2019
MRI assisted biopsies more effective at identifying prostate cancer that needs treatment than standard biopsies
Using MRI scans to target biopsies is more effective at detecting prostate cancers that are likely to need treatment than standard ultrasound guided biopsies alone, according to research published on 7 August in JAMA Network Open. The research, led by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and Universities of Bristol, Ottawa, Exeter and Oxford, combined the results from seven studies covering 2,582 patients.

Pharmacology - Health - 12.08.2019
First vaccine for chlamydia shows promise in early trials
First vaccine for chlamydia shows promise in early trials
The first ever early clinical trial for a vaccine for genital chlamydia has shown it to be safe and effective at provoking an immune response. The latest findings , from a randomised controlled trial of 35 healthy women led by Imperial College London and the Statens Serum Institut in Copenhagen, demonstrate promising early signs of what could be an effective vaccine against chlamydia.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.08.2019
Inflammatory disease and animal research expert shares insights in Reddit AMA
Inflammatory disease and animal research expert shares insights in Reddit AMA
In a live Reddit 'Ask Me Anything', Dr Laurence Bugeon shared insights into how inflammation is mediated by bad lifestyle habits. In the latest of a series of animal research Ask Me Anything (AMA) sessions Dr Bugeon and PhD student Madina Wane held the Reddit Q&A on Wednesday 31 July interview on the social media channel's IAmA subreddit to talk about how zebrafish as animal models are revolutionising their field.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.08.2019
New hormone injection aids weight loss in obese patients
An injection has helped reduce body weight and glucose levels in patients with diabetes and obesity in four weeks. The findings came from a small study in which patients lost on average 4.4kg and the treatment led to substantial improvements to their blood glucose, with some patients' reducing to near-normal levels.

Health - Pharmacology - 02.08.2019
Larger blood transfusions could halve deaths of children with severe anaemia
Giving larger volumes of blood transfusions to children with severe anaemia in sub-Saharan Africa could halve the number of deaths. This is the finding of new research from a clinical trial co-led by Imperial College London and UCL. Results from the TRACT trial , published today in the New England Journal of Medicine and funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) , show that children with complicated severe anaemia who do not have a fever require larger volumes of blood transfusions than current World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.08.2019
Space snacks and rates of mutation: News from the College
Here's a batch of fresh news and announcements from across Imperial. From new insights into martian microbes to fresh understanding of the evolution of mutation rate, here is some quick-read news from across the College. Space snacks Extreme temperatures, radiation, and a thin atmosphere: the surface of Mars is an inhospitable place.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.07.2019
Simple genetic system is behind complex movements
Simple genetic system is behind complex movements
Fruit fly studies reveal simple genetic system is behind complex movements Neuroscientists at the University of Sussex have revealed that complex movements, such as those that maintain our posture, can be controlled by a simple genetic system, providing a framework to better understand the molecular basis of diseases that affect motor control, like Huntington's and Parkinson's.

Health - Pharmacology - 30.07.2019
$1.1m to tackle Crohn’s disease in children and adults with a novel diet
The University of Glasgow has received $1.1 million from The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust to evaluate the effectiveness of a novel, regular solid food-based diet to improve clinical outcomes in adults and children with active Crohn's disease. The grant was awarded to further build on recent research led by Dr. Konstantinos Gerasimidis and his team looking into a practical alternative to the commonly used liquid-only diet treatment for Crohn's disease, also known as exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN).

Health - 29.07.2019
High blood sugar levels and BMI linked to stillbirth in mothers with diabetes
High maternal blood sugar levels and BMI are risk factors for stillbirth in mothers with diabetes, according to a new study in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes), with babies at the lowest and highest weights being most at risk. Mothers with pre-pregnancy diabetes are at a four to five times increased risk of stillbirth - with no improvement seen over recent years, in contrast with decreasing stillbirth rates seen in the general obstetric population.

Health - Innovation / Technology - 29.07.2019
13m Convergence Science Centre to ’secure the future’ of people with cancer
The Cancer Research UK Convergence Science Centre at The Institute of Cancer Research and Imperial College London was announced today. Cancer Research UK is bringing together scientists from two of the UK's foremost academic research institutions under the leadership of renowned cancer experts, Professor the Lord Ara Darzi from Imperial College London and Professor Paul Workman from The Institute of Cancer Research, London.

Pharmacology - Health - 27.07.2019
Global scheme to cut price of expensive hepatitis drugs boosts treatment rate
An initiative to improve access to high-cost hepatitis C treatments in poorer countries has resulted in more people being treated for the disease. This is the finding of a new study from Imperial College London , published in the journal The Lancet Global Health. The global scheme, which allows the patented drugs to be manufactured under so-called voluntary licences, aims to ensure high cost medications are affordable to lower income nations.
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