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Environment - Earth Sciences - 15.08.2019
Ice sheets impact core elements of the Earth's carbon cycle
Ice sheets impact core elements of the Earth’s carbon cycle
The Earth's carbon cycle is crucial in controlling the greenhouse gas content of our atmosphere, and ultimately our climate. Ice sheets which cover about 10 percent of our Earth's land surface at present, were thought 20 years ago to be frozen wastelands, devoid of life and with supressed chemical weathering - irrelevant parts of the carbon cycle.

Environment - 14.08.2019
New insight into glaciers regulating global silicon cycling
New insight into glaciers regulating global silicon cycling
A new review of silicon cycling in glacial environments, led by scientists from the University of Bristol, highlights the potential importance of glaciers in exporting silicon to downstream ecosystems. This, say the researchers, could have implications for marine primary productivity and impact the carbon cycle on the timescales of ice ages.

Computer Science / Telecom - Environment - 14.08.2019
GW4 supercomputer Isambard proves competitive
Researchers from GW4 universities Bristol and Cardiff assessed the performance of the GW4 Alliance Isambard supercomputer using an open-source Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) code. The research team consisted of Unai Lopez Novoa, Data Innovation Research Institute; Pablo Ouro Barba, Cardiff School of Engineering; Dr James Price, University of Bristol and Professor Simon McIntosh Smith, the principal investigator for the Isambard project and a professor of high-performance computing at the University of Bristol.

Environment - Innovation / Technology - 14.08.2019
Wind it up: Europe has the untapped onshore capacity to meet global energy demand
Wind it up: Europe has the untapped onshore capacity to meet global energy demand
Europe has the capacity to produce more than 100 times the amount of energy it currently produces through onshore windfarms, new analysis from the University of Sussex and Aarhus University has revealed. In an analysis of all suitable sites for onshore wind farms, the new study reveals that Europe has the potential to supply enough energy for the whole world until 2050.

Environment - 13.08.2019
Taking the pulse of carbon emissions could measure climate impact of development
A new way to 'take the pulse' of carbon emissions could help track how the industrial development of peatlands contributes to climate change, as well as measure their recovery once development ends. In a new paper published in the journal Scientific Reports, a team of researchers led by the University of Glasgow discuss how they have used carbon-14 dating to determine for the first time the age of carbon dioxide being released from peatland sites.

Environment - 12.08.2019
Plants could remove six years of carbon dioxide emissions - if we protect them
Plants could remove six years of carbon dioxide emissions - if we protect them
By analysing 138 experiments, researchers have mapped the potential of today's plants and trees to store extra carbon by the end of the century. The results show trees and plants could remove six years of current emissions by 2100, but only if no further deforestation occurs. The study, led by Stanford University and the Autonomous University of Barcelona, and including Imperial College London researchers, is published today .

Environment - 08.08.2019
Suggests groundwater in Africa could be resilient to climate change
Suggests groundwater in Africa could be resilient to climate change
New research suggests groundwater in Africa could be resilient to climate change Groundwater - a vital source of water for drinking and irrigation across sub-Saharan Africa - may be relatively resilient to climate variability and change, according to a new study involving the University of Sussex. Groundwater, water present beneath the Earth's surface, plays a central role in sustaining water supplies and livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa due to its widespread availability, generally high quality, and intrinsic ability to buffer episodes of drought and increasing climate variability.

Environment - 06.08.2019
Killings of environmental defenders strongly linked to corruption and weak rule of law, according to new study
Killings of environmental defenders strongly linked to corruption and weak rule of law, according to new study
Killings of environmental defenders doubled between 2002 and 2017, with the number of recorded deaths now similar to those of war zones, according to a new paper co-authored by a University of Sussex Research Fellow. Using data from watchdog NGO Global Witness , the new paper has revealed that, between 2002 to 2017, recorded deaths of environmental defenders increased from two to four a week.

Environment - Life Sciences - 06.08.2019
Gut changes in polar bears linked to retreat of Arctic sea ice
Gut changes in polar bears linked to retreat of Arctic sea ice
Retreating sea ice in the Arctic is altering the gut bacteria of polar bears, potentially holding negative implications for the long-term health of the species, finds a new study by Cardiff University and the United States Geological Survey. Polar bears are one of the most ice-dependent marine mammals in the Arctic and are key indicators of Arctic ecosystem health and environmental change.

Materials Science - Environment - 05.08.2019
Five cool things our surface scientists do
Surface science can make a big difference to our health, well-being and environment. Our surface scientists at Durham have been working on a whole range of applications that have already changed our lives in some way (think mobile phones and puddles) and could make a real difference to people around the world, particularly in developing countries.

Environment - 02.08.2019
Groundwater resources in Africa resilient to climate change
A consortium of 32 scientists from across Africa and beyond carried out the research amplified by climate change. Groundwater plays a central role in sustaining water supplies and livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa due to its widespread availability, generally high quality, and intrinsic ability to buffer episodes of drought and increasing climate variability.

Health - Environment - 23.07.2019
Air pollution in US associated with 30,000 deaths and reduced life expectancy
Air pollution in US associated with 30,000 deaths and reduced life expectancy
Air quality in the US may be linked with increased mortality and reduced life expectancy according to new research. The study, published in the journal PLOS Medicine and led by Imperial College London and the Center for Air, Climate and Energy Solutions at Carnegie Mellon University , analysed concentrations of fine particles in the air, called PM2.5, across all counties in the contiguous USA (excluding Alaska and Hawaii) between 1999 and 2015.

Environment - 10.07.2019
Best male biathletes 'more attractive'
Best male biathletes ’more attractive’
Top male biathletes are more attractive to the opposite sex, according to a new study by scientists at the universities of Exeter and Bristol. This result, say the team, fits with the theory that women have an evolved preference for more athletic men, who in past times were better able to provide for their families.

Innovation / Technology - Environment - 09.07.2019
Making sense of science
A University of Sussex professor has helped draw up new guidance to aid European policymakers in making better informed decisions on issues of complex scientific evidence. Professor Andy Stirling has contributed to the new report Making Sense of Science by Science Advice for Policy by European Advisors (SAPEA) which brings together outstanding expertise in engineering, humanities, medicine, natural and social sciences from over 100 academies, young academies and learned societies across Europe.

Environment - 08.07.2019
Cave droplets provide window into past climates
The chemistry of drip waters that form stalagmites and stalactites in caves around the world have given researchers an insight into our past climate. In the first ever global analysis of cave drip water, an international team, led by Andy Baker at UNSW Australia and including scientists from Cardiff University, have explored how stalagmites and stalactites can show how groundwater resources have recharged in the past.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 25.06.2019
Shows how melting ice is affecting supplies of nutrients to the sea
The findings of a research expedition to coastal Greenland which examined, for the first time, how melting ice is affecting supplies of nutrients to the oceans has been published in the journal Progress in Oceanography. The European Research Council-funded expedition on board the RSS Discovery took place during the summer of 2017.

Environment - 24.06.2019
Clouds dominate uncertainties in predicting future Greenland melt
Clouds dominate uncertainties in predicting future Greenland melt
New research led by climate scientists from the University of Bristol suggests that the representation of clouds in climate models is as, or more, important than the amount of greenhouse gas emissions when it comes to projecting future Greenland ice sheet melt. Recent research shows that the whole of the Greenland ice sheet could be gone within the next thousand years, raising global sea level by more than seven metres.

Environment - Social Sciences - 24.06.2019
Ancient intervention could boost dwindling water reserves in coastal Peru
Ancient intervention could boost dwindling water reserves in coastal Peru
Methods from 1,400 years ago could boost water availability during Lima's dry season, according to new Imperial College London research. Nestled between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes mountains , the people of Peru 's coastal region rely on surface water from the Andes for drinking water, industry, and animal and crop farming.

Health - Environment - 21.06.2019
No conclusive links to health effects from waste incinerators
No conclusive links to health effects from waste incinerators
Researchers have found no link between exposure to emissions from municipal waste incinerators (MWIs) and infant deaths or reduced foetal growth. However, they show living closer to the incinerators themselves is associated with a very small increase in the risk of some birth defects, compared to the general population.

Environment - 05.06.2019
Adjusting carbon emissions to the Paris climate commitments would prevent thousands of heat-related deaths
Thousands of annual heat-related deaths could be potentially avoided in major US cities if global temperatures are limited to the Paris Climate Goals compared with current climate commitments, a new study led by the University of Bristol has found. The research, published today in the journal Science Advances , is highly relevant to decisions about strengthening national climate actions in 2020, when the next round of climate pledges is due in 2020.
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Environment