News 2019


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Results 41 - 60 of 496.

Chemistry - Physics - 06.08.2019
Artificial tongue could have whisky counterfeiting licked
An artificial 'tongue' which can taste subtle differences between drams of whisky could help cut down on the trade in counterfeit alcohol, scientists say. In a new paper published today in the Royal Society of Chemistry's journal Nanoscale, Scottish engineers describe how they built the tiny taster, which exploits the optical properties of gold and aluminium to test the tipples.

Music - 06.08.2019
Researchers create first-ever personalised sound projector with 10 webcam
Researchers create first-ever personalised sound projector with 10 webcam
Researchers create first-ever personalised sound projector with £10 webcam A University of Sussex research team have demonstrated the first sound projector that can track a moving individual and deliver an acoustic message as they move, to a high-profile tech and media conference in LA. Dr Gianluca Memoli and his colleagues demonstrated what they believe to be the world's first sound projector with an autozoom objective in a talk at the 46th International Conference and Exhibition on Computer Graphics & Interactive Techniques (SIGGRAPH 2019) this week.

Environment - Life Sciences - 06.08.2019
Gut changes in polar bears linked to retreat of Arctic sea ice
Gut changes in polar bears linked to retreat of Arctic sea ice
Retreating sea ice in the Arctic is altering the gut bacteria of polar bears, potentially holding negative implications for the long-term health of the species, finds a new study by Cardiff University and the United States Geological Survey. Polar bears are one of the most ice-dependent marine mammals in the Arctic and are key indicators of Arctic ecosystem health and environmental change.

Materials Science - Environment - 05.08.2019
Five cool things our surface scientists do
Surface science can make a big difference to our health, well-being and environment. Our surface scientists at Durham have been working on a whole range of applications that have already changed our lives in some way (think mobile phones and puddles) and could make a real difference to people around the world, particularly in developing countries.

Health - Pharmacology - 02.08.2019
Larger blood transfusions could halve deaths of children with severe anaemia
Giving larger volumes of blood transfusions to children with severe anaemia in sub-Saharan Africa could halve the number of deaths. This is the finding of new research from a clinical trial co-led by Imperial College London and UCL. Results from the TRACT trial , published today in the New England Journal of Medicine and funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) , show that children with complicated severe anaemia who do not have a fever require larger volumes of blood transfusions than current World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines.

Life Sciences - 02.08.2019
Genes that first enabled plants to grow leaves identified by scientists
Genes that first enabled plants to grow leaves identified by scientists
The genes that first enabled plants to grow shoots and conquer the land have been identified by University of Bristol researchers. The findings, published in Current Biology [1 August], explain how a 450-million years ago a switch enabled plants to delay reproduction and grow shoots, leaves and buds.

Psychology - 02.08.2019
Could explain why babies born during winter are at higher risk of developing mental health disorders
Levels of the stress hormone cortisol are higher in women who give birth in the autumn and winter than those who give birth in the spring or summer, finds a new study by researchers at Cardiff University. The new findings could explain why mental health disorders are more common in people born during the winter.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.08.2019
Space snacks and rates of mutation: News from the College
Here's a batch of fresh news and announcements from across Imperial. From new insights into martian microbes to fresh understanding of the evolution of mutation rate, here is some quick-read news from across the College. Space snacks Extreme temperatures, radiation, and a thin atmosphere: the surface of Mars is an inhospitable place.

Environment - 02.08.2019
Groundwater resources in Africa resilient to climate change
A consortium of 32 scientists from across Africa and beyond carried out the research amplified by climate change. Groundwater plays a central role in sustaining water supplies and livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa due to its widespread availability, generally high quality, and intrinsic ability to buffer episodes of drought and increasing climate variability.

Pedagogy - 31.07.2019
Children in care can recover from adversity with the right adoptive environment, research finds
Research on adoptive family life in Wales has revealed the levels of adversity many children have experienced. Academics from Cardiff University analysed social services records of a cohort of children in Wales who were adopted in the same year. Adoptive parents also completed surveys about the children over a four-year period after the placement began, commenting annually on any difficulties the child was having and their parenting.

Earth Sciences - 30.07.2019
Predicting seismic activity at fracking sites to prevent earthquakes
Predicting seismic activity at fracking sites to prevent earthquakes
Scientists from the University of Bristol have found a more effective way to predict seismic activity at hydraulic fracturing sites, ensuring that potential earthquake activity remains within safe levels. Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is a technique designed to recover gas and oil from shale rock by drilling down into the earth and injecting a mixture of water and sand at high-pressure, creating fractures that allow the gas or oil to flow out.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.07.2019
Simple genetic system is behind complex movements
Simple genetic system is behind complex movements
Fruit fly studies reveal simple genetic system is behind complex movements Neuroscientists at the University of Sussex have revealed that complex movements, such as those that maintain our posture, can be controlled by a simple genetic system, providing a framework to better understand the molecular basis of diseases that affect motor control, like Huntington's and Parkinson's.

Health - Pharmacology - 30.07.2019
$1.1m to tackle Crohn’s disease in children and adults with a novel diet
The University of Glasgow has received $1.1 million from The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust to evaluate the effectiveness of a novel, regular solid food-based diet to improve clinical outcomes in adults and children with active Crohn's disease. The grant was awarded to further build on recent research led by Dr. Konstantinos Gerasimidis and his team looking into a practical alternative to the commonly used liquid-only diet treatment for Crohn's disease, also known as exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN).

Health - 29.07.2019
High blood sugar levels and BMI linked to stillbirth in mothers with diabetes
High maternal blood sugar levels and BMI are risk factors for stillbirth in mothers with diabetes, according to a new study in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes), with babies at the lowest and highest weights being most at risk. Mothers with pre-pregnancy diabetes are at a four to five times increased risk of stillbirth - with no improvement seen over recent years, in contrast with decreasing stillbirth rates seen in the general obstetric population.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 29.07.2019
Researchers build artificial cells that sense and respond to their environment
Imperial College London scientists have created artificial cells that mimic biological cells by responding to a chemical change in their surroundings. The artificial cells could be used to sense changes in the body and respond by releasing drug molecules, or to sense and remove harmful metals in the environment.

Life Sciences - 29.07.2019
Increasing value of ivory poses major threat to elephant populations
Increasing value of ivory poses major threat to elephant populations
The global price of ivory increased tenfold since its 1989 trade ban by the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), new research has found. The University of Bristol Veterinary School study, published in Biological Conservation [25 July], is the first to analyse trends in global ivory market values since the ban came into effect.

Health - Innovation / Technology - 29.07.2019
13m Convergence Science Centre to ’secure the future’ of people with cancer
The Cancer Research UK Convergence Science Centre at The Institute of Cancer Research and Imperial College London was announced today. Cancer Research UK is bringing together scientists from two of the UK's foremost academic research institutions under the leadership of renowned cancer experts, Professor the Lord Ara Darzi from Imperial College London and Professor Paul Workman from The Institute of Cancer Research, London.

Pharmacology - Health - 27.07.2019
Global scheme to cut price of expensive hepatitis drugs boosts treatment rate
An initiative to improve access to high-cost hepatitis C treatments in poorer countries has resulted in more people being treated for the disease. This is the finding of a new study from Imperial College London , published in the journal The Lancet Global Health. The global scheme, which allows the patented drugs to be manufactured under so-called voluntary licences, aims to ensure high cost medications are affordable to lower income nations.

Law / Forensics - 26.07.2019
Muslim LGBTQI+ refugees more likely to gain asylum in Germany if they conform to stereotypes
LGBTQI+ Muslims seeking asylum are more successful if they speak, dress and act in accordance with Western notions of homosexuality, according to a new study from the University of Bristol.

Health - Pharmacology - 26.07.2019
Electrodes in remaining arms give amputees better control of prosthetics
Electrodes in remaining arms give amputees better control of prosthetics
Vienna and Imperial College London scientists implanted electrodes in amputees' stumps for better prosthetic control - with promising results. This early-stage research , on three men with above-elbow arm amputations, involved relocating nerves in their remaining arms before implanting wirelessly chargeable electrodes and fitting new prosthetic arms.

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