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Social Sciences - Administration - 09.01.2018
Calls for Government to limit ’collateral damage’ caused to families by immigration enforcement
Political pledges to reduce immigration are splitting up families, according to new research which urges the Government to revise its policies in order to reduce 'collateral damage' inflicted on partners and children. In the first study of its kind, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), researchers at the University of Bristol explored how a precarious immigration status impacts on family life.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 08.01.2018
Severe obesity linked to newly identified gene mutations
Researchers have discovered mutations in a gene related to obesity, offering new treatment possibilities in the fight against the global epidemic. Research into the genetic causes of obesity, and related conditions, could be incredibly valuable in finding ways to treat them. Currently, there are some drugs available or being tested, but knowing what specific mutations cause obesity allows scientists to create drugs that target them specifically.

Life Sciences - 08.01.2018
Evolution acceptance in children linked to aptitude, not belief
In contrast to adults, acceptance of evolution in schoolchildren in the UK is linked to their scientific aptitude rather than conflicts with belief systems, say scientists at our  Milner Centre for Evolution. Previous studies in the USA have shown that adults that strongly reject evolution are often highly educated but reject the scientific consensus owing to conflicts with their belief systems.

Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering - 08.01.2018
How bacteria turbocharged their motors
Using detailed 3D images, researchers have shown how bacteria have evolved molecular motors of different powers to optimize their swimming. The discovery, by a team from Imperial College London, provides insights into evolution at the molecular scale. Bacteria use molecular motors just tens of nanometres wide to spin a tail (or 'flagellum') that pushes them through their habitat.

Social Sciences - 08.01.2018
Researchers call for true picture of domestic violent crime
Violence against women could become significantly less visible in police-recorded crime figures when a new counting method comes into effect, warn researchers at Lancaster University. Plans for Home Office Counting Rules to count coercive and controlling behaviour as 'non-injurious violent crime' capped at one crime per victim - even though statistics show one in 20 victims can experience more than 10 domestic violence crimes a year - will mask the true extent of the problem.

Health - Life Sciences - 05.01.2018
Glucose in the airways could increase infections in lung disease patients
People with the lung disease COPD have higher levels of glucose in their airways, researchers have shown for the first time. An estimated 1.2 million people in the UK have diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) , a lung condition that make it difficult to breathe because of a narrowing of the airways.

Health - Chemistry - 05.01.2018
New tool to assess largely ignored risk in pharmaceutical industry
A new method to test the likelihood of a drug turning into a potentially harmful version of itself when it enters the body has been developed by researchers at Cardiff University. In collaboration with Liverpool John Moores University and AstraZeneca, the team have developed a simple approach to trawl through large databases of pharmaceutical drugs and assess the likely risk of a drug undergoing racemisation - a process in which a drug flips into a mirror image of itself and becomes either inert or potentially dangerous.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.01.2018
Advances in brain imaging settle debate over spread of key protein in Alzheimer’s
Recent advances in brain imaging have enabled scientists to show for the first time that a key protein which causes nerve cell death spreads throughout the brain in Alzheimer's disease - and hence that blocking its spread may prevent the disease from taking hold. An estimated 44 million people worldwide are living with Alzheimer's disease, a disease whose symptoms include memory problems, changes in behaviour and progressive loss of independence.

Health - Psychology - 04.01.2018
1 in 4 pregnant women have mental health problems
A new King's College London study published Thursday 4 January in the British Journal of Psychiatry, found that 1 in 4 pregnant women have mental health problems. This is more common than previously thought - but two simple questions can help identify these problems so that women can be treated. It is the first UK study to examine the prevalence of mental health problems or mental disorders when seen by a midwife for pregnancy care.

Astronomy / Space Science - Innovation - 04.01.2018
Weighing massive stars in nearby galaxy reveals excess of heavyweights
An international team of astronomers has revealed an 'astonishing' overabundance of massive stars in a neighbouring galaxy. The discovery, made in the gigantic star-forming region 30 Doradus in the Large Magellanic Cloud galaxy, has 'far-reaching' consequences for our understanding of how stars transformed the pristine Universe into the one we live in today.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.01.2018
New brainstem changes identified in Parkinson’s disease
New brainstem changes identified in Parkinson's disease A pioneering study has found that patients with Parkinson's disease have more errors in the mitochondrial DNA within the brainstem, leading to increased cell death in that area. Experts at Newcastle and Sussex universities also revealed that surviving brain cells in the brainstem have more copies of mitochondrial DNA and this has not been identified before.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 03.01.2018
Direct genetic evidence of founding population reveals story of first Native Americans
Direct genetic traces of the earliest Native Americans have been identified for the first time in a new study. The genetic evidence suggests that people may have entered the continent in a single migratory wave, perhaps arriving more than 20,000 years ago.

Social Sciences - 03.01.2018
Study investigates impact of lions living alongside giraffe populations
New research from the University of Bristol is calling for an urgent review into how populations of giraffes are managed in the wild when living alongside lions. It is commonly accepted that lions are the only predators to pose a risk to giraffes on an individual basis but there has never been a study to investigate how the presence of lions impacts on the population as a whole.

Life Sciences - Health - 02.01.2018
New brain mapping technique highlights relationship between connectivity and IQ
A new and relatively simple technique for mapping the wiring of the brain has shown a correlation between how well connected an individual's brain regions are and their intelligence, say researchers at the University of Cambridge.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.01.2018
Diabetes drug “significantly reverses memory loss” in mice with Alzheimer’s
A drug developed for diabetes could be used to treat Alzheimer's after scientists found it "significantly reversed memory loss" in mice through a triple method of action. The research, published in Brain Research , could bring substantial improvements in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease through the use of a drug originally created to treat type 2 diabetes.

Economics / Business - Innovation - 01.01.2018
’Gut instinct’ trumps ’evidence’ when voting
People are more likely to go with their gut and trust personal opinions irrespective of evidence that might be presented during an election or referendum campaign, according to an important new economic study. A new paper, published by our Department of Economics , shows that voters tend to retain strong attachment to their own opinions even when this is challenged by evidence.
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