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Results 61 - 80 of 529.


Life Sciences - Health - 28.11.2017
Incidence of brain injury in babies estimated for first time using NHS data
Incidence of brain injury in babies estimated for first time using NHS data
New research has estimated that each year five babies in every 1,000 born in England suffer a condition or sign linked to brain injury. The study, conducted by researchers at the Neonatal Data Analysis Unit at Imperial College London and Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust , analysed data on babies born between 2010 and 2015 to assess the number that may have sustained brain injury at or soon after birth.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.11.2017
Associated Architects throw their weight behind bike campaign
As part of the ongoing commitment to greater openness about animal research, the ten universities which conduct the most animal procedures have publicised their figures today, revealing that they collectively conducted a third of all UK animal research in 2016.* All ten universities appear in the QS World University Ranking Top 100.** The top ten institutions conduct more than two thirds of all UK university animal research between them, completing a combined total of 1.4 million procedures.

Health - 25.11.2017
Keyhole surgery for ruptured arteries has longer-term benefits for patients
Keyhole surgery for ruptured arteries has longer-term benefits for patients
More surgeons should opt for keyhole surgery to repair ruptured blood vessels in the abdomen rather than using open surgery, a study has found. Abdominal aortic aneurysms occur when the aorta, the main vessel carrying blood from the heart to the rest of the body, swells and ruptures. If patients do not receive surgery to repair the artery they almost certainly will die from internal bleeding.

Health - 24.11.2017
Nearly 300,000 more could die from malaria after proposed cuts to US funding
Nearly 300,000 more could die from malaria after proposed cuts to US funding
Imperial researchers have modelled the number of additional malaria cases and deaths that will occur by 2020 following proposed cuts to US funding. Imperial researchers have modelled the number of additional malaria cases and deaths that will occur by 2020 following proposed cuts to US funding. The President's Malaria Initiative (PMI) has been providing support to malaria control programmes in 19 African countries since 2005.

Health - Psychology - 24.11.2017
Avatar therapy to reduce auditory hallucinations for people with schizophrenia
Avatar therapy to reduce auditory hallucinations for people with schizophrenia
An experimental therapy which involves a face-to-face discussion between a person with schizophrenia and an avatar representing their auditory hallucination may help reduce symptoms, when provided alongside usual treatment, according to a study published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal. The randomised controlled trial compared the avatar therapy to a form of supportive counselling (adapted specifically for the study).

Health - Psychology - 24.11.2017
Avatar therapy may help to reduce auditory hallucinations for people with schizophrenia
An experimental therapy which involves a face-to-face discussion between a person with schizophrenia and an avatar representing their auditory hallucination may help reduce symptoms, when provided alongside usual treatment, according to a study led by King's College London and published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal.

Health - Computer Science / Telecom - 24.11.2017
Research collaboration aims to improve breast cancer diagnosis using AI
Research collaboration aims to improve breast cancer diagnosis using AI
A new project to explore how artificial intelligence (AI) could improve breast screening could potentially lead to more accurate detection of cancers. The project will see a consortium of leading breast cancer experts, clinicians and academics partner with leaders in artificial intelligence (AI) research to explore whether AI could help detect and diagnose breast cancers more effectively.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.11.2017
University of Birmingham and Royal Shakespeare Company to host conference in 2018
Charity Cancer Research UK has awarded the University of Birmingham 1.5 million to fund a five-year research programme aimed at finding new treatments for bowel cancer. The pioneering research, the first of its kind in the UK, will see scientists taking samples of 200 patients' bowel cancer in order to then grow avatars - or mini tumours - in the laboratory.

Health - 23.11.2017
Promising new treatment for rare pregnancy cancer leads to remission in patients
Promising new treatment for rare pregnancy cancer leads to remission in patients
An immunotherapy drug can be used to cure women of a rare type of cancer arising from pregnancy when existing treatments have failed. We have been able to show for the first time that immunotherapy may be used to cure patients of cancerous GTD...These are landmark findings that have implications on how we treat the disease in the UK and around the world.

Life Sciences - Health - 23.11.2017
Radiographs of Dolly's skeleton show no signs of abnormal osteoarthritis
PA267/17 Original concerns that cloning caused early-onset osteoarthritis (OA) in Dolly the sheep are unfounded, say experts at the University of Nottingham and the University of Glasgow. The team, who published last year's Nottingham Dollies research which showed that the 8 year-old Nottingham ‘Dollies' had aged normally, have now published a radiographic assessment of the skeletons of Dolly herself, Bonnie (her naturally conceived daughter) and Megan and Morag (the first two animals to be cloned from differentiated cells).

Sport - Health - 23.11.2017
THE FA & THE PFA COMMISSION NEW STUDY INTO DEMENTIA IN FOOTBALL
The Football Association and the Professional Footballers' Association have appointed Dr William Stewart and colleagues at the University of Glasgow and the Hampden Sports Clinic to lead an independent research study into the incidence of degenerative neurocognitive disease in ex-professional footballers.

Health - Life Sciences - 23.11.2017
Discovery of potent parasite protein may lead to new therapeutic options for inflammatory bowel conditions
A single protein from a worm parasite may one day offer new therapeutic options for treating inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn's or Ulcerative Colitis, that avoid the potentially serious side effects of current immunosuppressant medications. The study, published today , demonstrates the discovery of a distinct new worm protein which mimics a cytokine found in humans, known as transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β).

Life Sciences - Health - 22.11.2017
New mechanisms of cell death in neurodegenerative disorders
Researchers at King's College London have discovered new mechanisms of cell death, which may be involved in debilitating neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. This novel research, published today in Current Biology , could lead to new therapeutic approaches for treating or delaying the progression of neurodegenerative conditions that are currently incurable, if the findings are expanded.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.11.2017
Gastric acid suppressant lansoprazole may target tuberculosis
Gastric acid suppressant lansoprazole may target tuberculosis
A cheap and widely used drug, used to treat conditions such as heartburn, gastritis and ulcers, could work against the bacteria that cause tuberculosis (TB), according to new research from UCL and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

Health - 22.11.2017
Heart failure in the UK continues to rise; poorest people worst affected
The number of people being diagnosed with heart failure in the UK continues to grow, and the poorest people are significantly more likely to be affected by the condition, new research from The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Oxford has found. Image credit: Shutterstock The number of people being diagnosed with heart failure in the UK continues to grow, and the poorest people are significantly more likely to be affected by the condition, new research from The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Oxford has found.

Health - 22.11.2017
Doctor complaints system could risk the health of patients and doctors
Doctor complaints system could risk the health of patients and doctors
Current processes for complaints against doctors reduce their wellbeing and cause fear-driven work practices that could compromise patient care. The General Medical Council (GMC) regulates doctors in the UK and can stop or limit their rights to practice. Around 9000 doctors a year are reported to the GMC, and around 160 are suspended or erased from the medical register.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 21.11.2017
Simple test predicts diabetes remission following weight loss surgery
Simple test predicts diabetes remission following weight loss surgery
A new simple test that helps predicts which people with type 2 diabetes will benefit most from weight loss surgery has been developed by a UCL-led team. The study, published today in Diabetic Medicine , also reports that keeping the weight off after bariatric surgery is more important than which type of weight loss operation was done.

Health - 21.11.2017
Does common NHS shoulder surgery work?
Results from the first placebo-controlled trial in shoulder surgery, suggest that decompression surgery may not be as effective as first thought. Image credit: Shutterstock The clinical treatment benefits of shoulder decompression surgery may be no more effective than no treatment at all, according to new Oxford University research.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.11.2017
Atopic eczema: one size does not fit all
Atopic eczema: one size does not fit all
Researchers from the UK and Netherlands have identified five distinct subgroups of eczema, a finding that helps explain how the condition can affect people at different stages of their lives. Doctors and patients have long known that the itchy skin condition can affect people in many different ways.

Sport - Health - 20.11.2017
Social mobile gaming boosts rehabilitation for physically impaired patients
Social mobile gaming boosts rehabilitation for physically impaired patients
A video game that enables healthy volunteers to play with patients who have physical impairments may improve their rehabilitation, suggests study. The researchers from Imperial have designed a video game called Balloon Buddies, which is a tool that enables those recovering from conditions such as a stroke to engage and play together with healthy volunteers such as therapists and family members as a form of rehabilitation.

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