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Environment - Innovation - 23.11.2017
’Lost’ 99% of ocean microplastics to be identified with dye?
Smallest microplastics in oceans - which go largely undetected - identified more effectively with innovative and cheap new method, developed by University of Warwick researchers New method can detect microplastics as small as the width of a human hair, using a fluorescent dye Previous scientific field work surveys report that only 1% of the plastic waste in the oceans has been found - this new research could lead to discovering the missing 99% T

Veterinary - 23.11.2017
FEI extends global equine injuries research agreement with Glasgow University for further two years
The FEI has extended its highly successful global equine injuries research partnership with the University of Glasgow for another two years through to 2019, to further develop the Global Endurance Injuries Study (GEIS). The extension will maximise the impact of the GEIS across Endurance and also look at the potential development of similar methodology for other FEI disciplines.

Health - Life Sciences - 23.11.2017
Discovery of potent parasite protein may lead to new therapeutic options for inflammatory bowel conditions
A single protein from a worm parasite may one day offer new therapeutic options for treating inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn's or Ulcerative Colitis, that avoid the potentially serious side effects of current immunosuppressant medications. The study, published today , demonstrates the discovery of a distinct new worm protein which mimics a cytokine found in humans, known as transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β).

Environment - Earth Sciences - 23.11.2017
Ocean floor mud reveals secrets of past European climate
Samples of sediment taken from the ocean floor of the North Atlantic Ocean have given researchers an unprecedented insight into the reasons why Europe's climate has changed over the past 3000 years. From the warmer climates of Roman times when vineyards flourished in England and Wales to the colder conditions that led to crop failure, famine and pandemics in early medieval times, Europe's climate has varied over the past three millennia.

Electroengineering - Administration - 23.11.2017
GP online consultations: not the panacea policy makers are hoping for
Online GP consultation systems may not be the silver bullet for reducing GP workload and patient waiting times that government policymakers are hoping for, NIHR-funded research from the University of Bristol has found. These systems offer the potential to revolutionise use of primary care, but only with careful implementation and effective marketing, the researchers concluded.

Life Sciences - Health - 22.11.2017
New mechanisms of cell death in neurodegenerative disorders
Researchers at King's College London have discovered new mechanisms of cell death, which may be involved in debilitating neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. This novel research, published today in Current Biology , could lead to new therapeutic approaches for treating or delaying the progression of neurodegenerative conditions that are currently incurable, if the findings are expanded.

Environment - 22.11.2017
Research to minimise scarring suffered by wounded Armed Forces personnel and civilians
Researchers have published new findings that suggest European drought trends are lining up with climate change projections. Their study, in Scientific Reports , shows that two major drought indices are deviating from one another across Europe in a manner consistent with climate change simulations. "This is one more big drop in the bucket toward climate change attribution," said lead author James Stagge, a post-doc at Utah State University 's Utah Water Research Lab.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.11.2017
Gastric acid suppressant lansoprazole may target tuberculosis
A cheap and widely used drug, used to treat conditions such as heartburn, gastritis and ulcers, could work against the bacteria that cause tuberculosis (TB), according to new research from UCL and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. The study, published today in PLOS Medicine , found that people who used lansoprazole, as opposed to similar drugs omeprazole or pantoprazole, were a third less likely to develop TB.

Health - 22.11.2017
Heart failure in the UK continues to rise; poorest people worst affected
The number of people being diagnosed with heart failure in the UK continues to grow, and the poorest people are significantly more likely to be affected by the condition, new research from The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Oxford has found. Image credit: Shutterstock The number of people being diagnosed with heart failure in the UK continues to grow, and the poorest people are significantly more likely to be affected by the condition, new research from The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Oxford has found.

Health - 22.11.2017
Doctor complaints system could risk the health of patients and doctors
Current processes for complaints against doctors reduce their wellbeing and cause fear-driven work practices that could compromise patient care. The General Medical Council (GMC) regulates doctors in the UK and can stop or limit their rights to practice. Around 9000 doctors a year are reported to the GMC, and around 160 are suspended or erased from the medical register.

Physics - 22.11.2017
How to cut your lawn for grasshoppers
Picture a grasshopper landing randomly on a lawn of fixed area. If it then jumps a certain distance in a random direction, what shape should the lawn be to maximise the chance that the grasshopper stays on the lawn after jumping? The grasshopper problem is a rather nice one, as it helps us try out techniques for the physics problems we really want to get to.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 21.11.2017
Simple test predicts diabetes remission following weight loss surgery
A new simple test that helps predicts which people with type 2 diabetes will benefit most from weight loss surgery has been developed by a UCL-led team. The study, published today in Diabetic Medicine , also reports that keeping the weight off after bariatric surgery is more important than which type of weight loss operation was done.

Mathematics - 21.11.2017
Schooling fish mainly react to one or two neighbours at a time
New research has shown schooling fish constantly change who they decide to pay attention to and respond to one or two neighbours at a time. The study, published in PLOS Computational Biology, developed a new method combining behavioural analyses with a computer model to map the chain of direct interactions in a school of fish.

Health - 21.11.2017
Does common NHS shoulder surgery work?
Results from the first placebo-controlled trial in shoulder surgery, suggest that decompression surgery may not be as effective as first thought. Image credit: Shutterstock The clinical treatment benefits of shoulder decompression surgery may be no more effective than no treatment at all, according to new Oxford University research.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.11.2017
Atopic eczema: one size does not fit all
Researchers from the UK and Netherlands have identified five distinct subgroups of eczema, a finding that helps explain how the condition can affect people at different stages of their lives. Doctors and patients have long known that the itchy skin condition can affect people in many different ways.

History / Archeology - 21.11.2017
Remains of Viking camp unearthed by Bristol archaeologists to feature in BBC Four series
Workshops from a Viking camp dating to the winter of 873-4, have been unearthed by a team of archaeologists from the University of Bristol. The campsite, located in the small Derbyshire village of Repton, has been known since the 1970s, but these new discoveries have found evidence over a much larger area, for workshops and ship repairs.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 21.11.2017
Mars might be drier than previously thought
The wall of the Newton Crater on Mars. The dark thick lines spread out horizontally in the picture while the Recurring Slope Lineae run downwards. Credit C. Dundas NASA/JPL/USGS Dark features previously proposed as evidence for significant liquid water flowing on Mars have now been identified as granular flows, where sand and dust move rather than liquid water, according to a new study.

Life Sciences - 21.11.2017
Twisted sex allows mirror-image snails to mate face-to-face, research finds
PA 268/17 A study led by the University of Nottingham has found that differently-coiled types of Japanese land snails should in fact be considered a single species, because - against all odds - they are sometimes able to mate, a result which has implications for the classification of other snails. Although most snails have a right-handed spiralling shell, rare 'mirror-image' individuals have a shell that coils to the left.

Sport - Health - 20.11.2017
Social mobile gaming boosts rehabilitation for physically impaired patients
A video game that enables healthy volunteers to play with patients who have physical impairments may improve their rehabilitation, suggests study. The researchers from Imperial have designed a video game called Balloon Buddies, which is a tool that enables those recovering from conditions such as a stroke to engage and play together with healthy volunteers such as therapists and family members as a form of rehabilitation.

Physics - Environment - 20.11.2017
Homes should not be abandoned after a big nuclear accident
New research suggests that few people, if any, should be asked to leave their homes after a big nuclear accident, which is what happened in March 2011 following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. This is the main finding of a multi-university research study led by Philip Thomas, Professor of Risk Management at the University of Bristol, involving the universities of Manchester and Warwick, The Open University and City, University of London.
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