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History / Archeology - Environment - 21.11.2016
Rice farming in India much older than thought, used as 'summer crop' by Indus civilisation
Rice farming in India much older than thought, used as ’summer crop’ by Indus civilisation
Thought to have arrived from China in 2000 BC, latest research shows domesticated rice agriculture in India and Pakistan existed centuries earlier, and suggests systems of seasonal crop variation that would have provided a rich and diverse diet for the Bronze Age residents of the Indus valley.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 15.11.2016
Widespread evidence of prehistoric dairying discovered along the Mediterranean coast
Widespread evidence of prehistoric dairying discovered along the Mediterranean coast
An inter-disciplinary team of scientists and archaeologists have discovered widespread evidence of prehistoric milk production in southern Europe. The study uncovered evidence that humans have been utilising milk and dairy products across the northern Mediterranean region from the onset of agriculture - some 9,000 years ago.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 08.11.2016
Clues in poached elephant ivory reveal ages and locations of origin
More than 90% of ivory in large seized shipments came from elephants that died less than three years before, according to a new study led by the University of Utah and involving the University of Oxford.  Combining radiocarbon ivory dating with genetic analysis provides a picture of when and where poachers are killing elephants - useful tools in the ongoing battle against illegal animal product trade.

Health - History / Archeology - 26.10.2016
Accidental making of ‘Patient Zero’ myth during 1980s AIDS crisis
A combination of historical and genetic research reveals the error and hype that led to the coining of the term ‘Patient Zero' and the blaming of one man for the spread of HIV across North America.

History / Archeology - Health - 10.10.2016
Food culture after 1066
950 years after William of Normandy landed on English soil in one of Britain's landmark historic moments, Cardiff University researchers are aiming to discover what impact the invasion had on diet, cooking habits and health. The Dietary Impact of the Norman Conquest will examine human and animal remains and pottery from preand post-Conquest Oxford to tell the story of the impact of 14 October 1066, better known as the Battle of Hastings.

History / Archeology - Environment - 07.10.2016
Ancient Britons’ teeth reveal people were ’highly mobile’ 4,000 years ago
Archaeologists have created a new database from the teeth of prehistoric humans found at ancient burial sites in Britain and Ireland that tell us a lot about their climate, their diet and even how far they may have travelled. In a paper, led by Dr Maura Pellegrini from the University of Oxford, researchers say that individuals in prehistoric Britain were highly mobile.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 21.09.2016
Unprecedented study of Aboriginal Australians points to one shared Out of Africa migration for modern humans
The first significant investigation into the genomics of Aboriginal Australians has uncovered several major findings about early human populations. These include evidence of a single ‘Out of Africa? migration event, and of a previously unidentified, 'ghost-like' population spread which provided a basis for the modern Aboriginal cultural landscape.

History / Archeology - 08.09.2016
Teeth tell a tale
Research involving the University is changing our understanding about when Mesolithic people began to consume cultivated plants, the precursor to our modern-day cereals. In a new joint study conducted by researchers at Cambridge, Cardiff, UCL and York universities, direct evidence that Mesolithic foragers of this region were consuming domestic cereals by 6600 BC has been found through the study of dental calculus from prehistoric remains.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 07.09.2016
Throughout history, humans have preferred their pigs to be black
Scientists have identified a new genetic mutation responsible for the black colouring of the coats of pigs in Hawaii, which is different to the Asian or European mutations leading to the black colour. Their paper suggests that human societies have independently selected domesticated pigs that express the trait of black-coloured coats on at least three separate occasions because they liked the novelty colour.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 10.08.2016
Textbook story of how humans populated America is biologically unviable?, study finds
Using ancient DNA, researchers have created a unique picture of how a prehistoric migration route evolved over thousands of years - revealing that it could not have been used by the first people to enter the Americas, as traditionally thought.

Health - History / Archeology - 22.07.2016
Ancient faeces provides earliest evidence of infectious disease being carried on Silk Road
Intestinal parasites as well as goods were carried by travellers on iconic route, say researchers examining ancient latrine. This proves for the first time that travellers along the Silk Road really were responsible for the spread of infectious disease along this route in the past Piers Mitchell An ancient latrine near a desert in north-western China has revealed the first archaeological evidence that travellers along the Silk Road were responsible for the spread of infectious diseases along huge distances of the route 2,000 years ago.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 08.07.2016
Monkeys in Brazil have used stone tools for hundreds of years at least
New archaeological evidence suggests that Brazilian capuchins have been using stone tools to crack open cashew nuts for at least 700 years, and the new research paper asks whether human behaviour was influenced through watching the monkeys.  Researchers say, to date, they have found the earliest archaeological examples of monkey tool use outside of Africa.

Environment - History / Archeology - 07.07.2016
Innovation of Stone Age humans ’not linked with climate change’
The cultural and technological innovations of Middle Stone Age humans in Southern Africa may not be directly linked to climate, according to new research.  Environmental records obtained from archaeological sites where there are Middle Stone Age deposits are the subject of the study published in the journal, PLOS ONE .

History / Archeology - 05.07.2016
Evidence points to Lindisfarne's earliest monastery
Evidence points to Lindisfarne’s earliest monastery
Archaeologists from Durham University and the crowd-funded archaeology platform DigVentures have found what they believe to be evidence of the earliest monastery on Lindisfarne. During an archaeological dig on the Holy Island in June a rare Anglo Saxon grave marker was found. Ancient name stone The small, round-headed sandstone marker, commonly known as a name stone, has been dated to the mid-7 th to 8 th Century AD, well within the period of Lindisfarne's first monastery.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 09.06.2016
Generations of macaques used ’tools’ to open their oysters and nuts
A new study looks into the history of stone tools used by wild macaques in coastal Thailand. It finds they have been using them for decades...and possibly thousands of years... to crack open shellfish and nuts.  While there have been several studies observing living non-human primates, this is the first report into the archaeological evidence of tool use by Old World monkeys.

Environment - History / Archeology - 07.06.2016
’Pristine’ landscapes haven’t existed for thousands of years
'Pristine' landscapes simply do not exist anywhere in the world today and, in most cases, have not existed for at least several thousand years, says a new study led by the University of Oxford. An exhaustive review of archaeological data from the last 30 years details how the world's landscapes have been shaped by repeated human activity over many thousands of years.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 02.06.2016
Genetic switch that turned moths black also colours butterflies
Heliconius butterflies have evolved bright yellow colours to deter predators, while peppered moths famously turned black to hide from birds. A new study reveals that the same gene causes both, raising fascinating questions about how evolution by natural selection occurs in these species. It raises the question that given the diversity in butterflies and moths, and the hundreds of genes involved in making a wing, why is it this one every time?

History / Archeology - 01.06.2016
Ancient rice may hold key to solving the puzzle of the settlement of Madagascar
Ancient rice may hold key to solving the puzzle of the settlement of Madagascar
Archaeologists studying the distribution of ancient rice believe they may be close to solving one of the enduring mysteries of the ancient world - how people of South East Asian origin ended up living on the African island of Madagascar, 6,000 km away. Teams from the universities of Bristol, Oxford and Queensland excavated 18 sites in Madagascar, Comoros, and along the East African coast and recovered over 2,500 seed remains.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 01.06.2016
Dogs were domesticated not once, but twice... in different parts of the world
The question, 'Where do domestic dogs come from?', has vexed scholars for a very long time. Some argue that humans first domesticated wolves in Europe, while others claim this happened in Central Asia or China. A new paper suggests that all these claims may be right.

History / Archeology - 31.05.2016
Crop remains point to surprising early colonisers of Madagascar
Researchers have helped solve one of the enduring mysteries of the ancient world: why the inhabitants of Madagascar speak Malagasy, a language otherwise unique to Southeast Asia and the Pacific - a region located at least 6,000 km away. An international research team has identified that ancient crop remains excavated from sites in Madagascar consist of Asian species like rice and mung beans: the first archaeological evidence that settlers from South Asia are likely to have colonised the island over a thousand years ago.

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