news 2015



Results 1 - 20 of 25.

History / Archeology - Earth Sciences - 18.12.2015
’Virtual fossil’ reveals last common ancestor of humans and Neanderthals
New digital techniques have allowed researchers to predict structural evolution of the skull in the lineage of Homo sapiens and Neanderthals, in an effort to fill in blanks in the fossil record, and provide the first 3D rendering of their last common ancestor. The study suggests populations that led to the lineage split were older than previously thought.

History / Archeology - Health - 25.11.2015
Progesterone supplements do not improve outcomes for women with a history of recurrent miscarriages
New research from the University of Birmingham has shown that progesterone supplements in the first trimester of pregnancy do not improve outcomes in women with a history of unexplained recurrent miscarriages. The findings, published today in The New England Journal of Medicine , mark the end of a five year trial and provide a definitive answer to 60 years of uncertainty on the use of progesterone treatment for women with unexplained recurrent losses.

History / Archeology - Chemistry - 11.11.2015
Early farmers exploited beehive products at least 8,500 years ago
Humans have been exploiting bees as far back as the Stone Age, according to new research from the University of Bristol published in Nature today. Previous evidence from prehistoric rock art is inferred to show honey hunters and Pharaonic Egyptian murals show early scenes of beekeeping. However, the close association between early farmers and the honeybee remained uncertain.

History / Archeology - Linguistics / Literature - 09.11.2015
Academics to investigate unopened letters from 'lost mailbag' from 17th century
A haul of undelivered letters from the 17th-century recently discovered in the Netherlands will be analysed by an international team of academics. 600 unopened letters found in a postmaster's trunk were discovered in The Hague's Museum voor Communicatie in 2012, along with 2,000 opened but undelivered letters.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 06.11.2015
Origins of rice cultivation
Origins of rice cultivation
We welcome your feedback Please help us improve The University of Manchester website by completing a short questionnaire at the end of your visit. Yes, I'll give feedback No, thanks Rice - the staple food source of around 50% of the World's population, has been domesticated on three separate occasions, according to a new study by Faculty scientists.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 13.10.2015
Feeding Stonehenge: what was on the menu for Stonehenge's builders, 2500 BC
Feeding Stonehenge: what was on the menu for Stonehenge’s builders, 2500 BC
Archaeologists from a consortium of universities including UCL have found out what people ate while building Stonehenge, by analysing the food residues preserved in their pots as well as the animal bones and other food waste from the large settlement of Durrington Walls near Stonehenge. Pork and beef were the prime foods, barbecued and boiled.

History / Archeology - 07.10.2015
Study indicates Earth's inner core was formed 1- 1.5 billion years ago
Study indicates Earth’s inner core was formed 1- 1.5 billion years ago
Scientists from the University of Liverpool have used new data which indicates that the Earth's inner core was formed 1 - 1.5bn years ago as it "froze" from the surrounding molten iron outer core. The inner core is Earth's deepest layer. It is a ball of solid iron just larger than Pluto which is surrounded by a liquid outer core.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 01.10.2015
Mummification was commonplace in Bronze Age Britain
First study to indicate that mummification may have been widely practised throughout Bronze Age Britain Archaeologists use microscopic bone analysis to compare British skeletons with known mummies Research paves the way for discovery of other ancient civilisations that mummified their dead Bronze Age Brits practised exotic, novel and bizarre funerary rituals Ancient Britons may have intentionally mummified some of their dead during the Bronze Age, according to archaeologists at the University of Sheffield.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 16.09.2015
Genetic history maps centuries of European migration
Detail from a circos plot showing genetic admixture: Links join the best-matching major admixture source, which is always from West Eurasia, to the relevant cluster. Genetics researchers at the University of Oxford have used DNA to map the history of population movements in and around Europe. The technique may help historians to understand more about how over nearly three thousand years people across the continent have migrated, mingled and multiplied.

History / Archeology - Earth Sciences - 07.09.2015
’largest’ prehistoric stone monument
The remains of a major new prehistoric stone monument have been discovered less than 3 kilometres from Stonehenge. Using cutting-edge, multi-sensor technologies, the Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project - involving University of Birmingham archaeologists - has revealed evidence for a large stone monument hidden beneath the bank of the later Durrington Walls 'super-henge'.

History / Archeology - 12.08.2015
New clues to the fate of America’s Lost Colony
Archaeologists from the University of Bristol have uncovered artefacts that they believe may help solve the long-running mystery of the fate of the first English colonists in North America. Excavations on the Island of Hatteras (North Carolina) have discovered a number of artefacts, dated to late 16th century, which point to the possibility that the colonists assimilated into the local Native American tribe.

History / Archeology - Agronomy / Food Science - 03.06.2015
Britain’s oldest tea (and first modern commodity)
Dr Richard Coulton, based at QMUL's School of English and Drama, reflects on the discovery of Britain's oldest tea. Dr Coulton is one of three authors of a forthcoming book, Empire of Tea: The Asian Leaf that Conquered the World. Last week we released a news story about our discovery of Britain's oldest tea leaves alongside colleagues at the Natural History Museum in London.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 20.04.2015
Mummified bodies from 18th century Europe found to have multiple tuberculosis infections
Mummified bodies from 18th century Europe found to have multiple tuberculosis infections
Bodies found in a 200 year-old Hungarian crypt have revealed the secrets of how tuberculosis (TB) took hold in 18th century Europe, according to a research team involving UCL scientists. A new study published in Nature details how samples taken from naturally mummified bodies found in an 18th century crypt in the Dominican church of Vác in Hungary have yielded 14 TB genomes, suggesting that mixed infections were common when TB was at peak prevalence in Europe.

History / Archeology - Health - 31.03.2015
Archaeologists unearth medieval graveyard beneath Cambridge College
Archaeological investigations discovered one of Britain's largest medieval hospital cemeteries, containing over 1,000 human remains, when excavating beneath the Old Divinity School at St John's College, Cambridge, a new report shows.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 27.03.2015
Female embryos less likely to survive to birth
New research has challenged the prevailing belief that the higher proportion of male babies born in the general population results from a higher proportion of males being conceived. The conclusions suggest that embryonic death is bound up with the embryo's sex in ways that are not yet fully understood.

Earth Sciences - History / Archeology - 25.03.2015
Prehistoric super salamander was top predator, fossils suggest
A previously undiscovered species of crocodile-like amphibian that lived during the rise of dinosaurs was among Earth's top predators more than 200 million years ago, a study shows. Palaeontologists identified the prehistoric species - which looked like giant salamanders - after excavating bones buried on the site of an ancient lake in southern Portugal.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 24.03.2015
Complex genetic ancestry of Americans uncovered
By comparing the genes of current-day North and South Americans with African and European populations, a new study has found the genetic fingerprints of the slave trade and colonisation that shaped migrations to the Americas hundreds of years ago. The team, from Oxford University, UCL and the Universita' del Sacro Cuore of Rome, analysed more than 4,000 previously collected DNA samples from 64 different populations, covering multiple locations in Europe, Africa and the Americas.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 24.03.2015
Complex genetic ancestry of Americans uncovered
By comparing the genes of current-day North and South Americans with African and European populations, an Oxford University study has found the genetic fingerprints of the slave trade and colonisation that shaped migrations to the Americas hundreds of years ago. The study published in Nature  found that: While Spaniards provide the majority of European ancestry in continental American Hispanic/Latino populations, the most common European genetic source in African-Americans and Barbadians comes from Great Britain.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 18.03.2015
Who do you think you really are? A genetic map of the British Isles
By constructing the first fine-scale map of the British Isles, Oxford University researchers have uncovered distinct geographical groupings of genetically similar individuals across the UK. The study found that: There was no single 'Celtic' genetic group. In fact the Celtic parts of the UK (Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales and Cornwall) are among the most different from each other genetically.

Environment - History / Archeology - 13.03.2015
Early humans adapted to living in rainforests much sooner than thought
An international research team has shed new light on the diet of some of the earliest recorded humans in Sri Lanka. The researchers from Oxford University, working with a team from Sri Lanka and the University of Bradford, analysed the carbon and oxygen isotopes in the teeth of 26 individuals, with the oldest dating back 20,000 years and found that nearly all the teeth analysed suggest a diet largely sourced from the rainforest.