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Astronomy / Space Science - 07.01.2014
ALMA spots supernova dust factory 160,000 light years away
ALMA spots supernova dust factory 160,000 light years away
UK scientists have used the ALMA telescope to help capture the remains of a recent supernova - or exploding star - that is brimming with freshly formed dust 160,000 light years from Earth. Supernovae are thought to produce a large amount of the dust within galaxies, especially in the early Universe, but direct evidence of their ability to create dust has been limited - until now.

History / Archeology - 07.01.2014
Starchy food led to rotten teeth in ancient hunter-gatherers
Starchy food led to rotten teeth in ancient hunter-gatherers
A diet rich in starchy foods may have led to high rates of tooth decay in ancient hunter-gatherers, says a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences . Research by a team from Oxford University, the Natural History Museum, London, and the National Institute of Archaeological Sciences and Heritage (INSAP) in Morocco challenges the long-held view that dental disease was linked to the advent of farming.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 07.01.2014
One in, one out: Oxford study shows people limit social networks
Despite the way that mobile technologies and social networking sites have made it easier to stay in touch with large numbers of acquaintances, a new study has shown that people still put most of their efforts into communicating with small numbers of close friends or relatives, often operating unconscious one-in, one-out policies so that communication patterns remain the same even when friendships change.

Physics - 07.01.2014
Discovery brings scientists one step closer to understanding tendon injury
Research led by Queen Mary University of London has discovered a specific mechanism that is crucial to effective tendon function, which could reveal why older people are more prone to tendon injury. Tendons, such as the Achilles, connect muscle to bone, and are loaded repeatedly during movement. When exposed to particularly high loads, this can cause injury in some individuals.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.01.2014
Drugs related to cannabis have pain-relieving potential for osteoarthritis
Chemical compounds synthesised in the laboratory, similar to those found in cannabis, could be developed as potential drugs to reduce the pain of osteoarthritis. These compounds could also reduce joint inflammation, according to new research carried out at the Arthritis Research UK Pain Centre at The University of Nottingham.

Earth Sciences - 05.01.2014
Ground-breaking work sheds new light on volcanic activity
Factors determining the frequency and magnitude of volcanic phenomena have been uncovered by an international team of researchers. Experts from the Universities of Geneva , Bristol and Savoie carried out over 1.2 million simulations to establish the conditions in which volcanic eruptions of different sizes occur.

Life Sciences - 03.01.2014
How ’slippers’ can end mascara irritation
The research was part of undergraduate, Hayley Thomason's final-year research project An end to mascara testing on animals could be in sight thanks to tiny organisms nicknamed 'slipper' and 'eyelash'. Mascara is a mild irritant, and rabbits have, historically, been used to test how much discomfort new products can cause.  However, a cheaper and more reliable test is now being developed by scientists at the University of Liverpool, involving miniscule protozoa.

Life Sciences - 02.01.2014
'Be different or die' does not drive evolution
'Be different or die' does not drive evolution
A new study has found that species living together are not forced to evolve differently to avoid competing with each other, challenging a theory that has held since Darwin's Origin of Species. By focusing on ovenbirds, one of the most diverse bird families in the world, the Oxford University-led team conducted the most in-depth analysis yet of the processes causing species differences to evolve.
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