news 2013



Results 21 - 40 of 79.

Life Sciences - Physics - 10.10.2013
Spinning-disk microscope offers window into the centre of a cell
A new method of imaging cells is allowing scientists to see tiny structures inside the ‘control centre' of the cell for the first time. The microscopic technique, developed by researchers at Queen Mary University of London, represents a major advance for cell biologists as it will allow them to investigate structures deep inside the cell, such as viruses, bacteria and parts of the nucleus in depth.

Social Sciences - Physics - 07.10.2013
First flight for radiation detector
A flying radiation detector that could be used to help with nuclear decommissioning and clean-up at sites such as Fukushima and Sellafield was recently tested in a specially designed experimental area at the National Physics Laboratory, the only one of its kind in the UK.

Environment - Physics - 07.10.2013
CLOUD gives clarity on climate change
University of Leeds experts have helped scientists get a step closer to understanding how aerosol particles are formed in the atmosphere and the effect these particles have on our climate.

Physics - Health - 03.10.2013
New X-ray vision can reveal internal structure of objects
03 Oct 2013 Scientists have developed a new kind of 'X-ray vision' that is able to peer inside an object and map the three-dimensional distribution of its nano-properties in real time. University of Manchester researchers, working with colleagues in the UK, Europe and the US, say the novel imaging technique could have a wide range of applications across many disciplines, such as materials science, geology, environmental science and medical research.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 20.09.2013
Galactic ’vapour trails’ uncovered in giant cluster
Astronomers have discovered enormous smooth shapes that look like vapour trails in a gigantic galaxy cluster. These 'arms' span half a million light years and provide researchers with clues to a billion years of collisions within the "giant cosmic train wreck" of the Coma cluster. Coma is like a giant cosmic train wreck where several clusters have collided with each other.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 16.09.2013
Ash charges up volcanic lightning
Ash charges up volcanic lightning
The science of how rubbing a balloon on a woolly jumper creates an electric charge may help to explain how volcanoes generate lightning. Volcanic plumes play host to some of the most spectacular displays of lightning on the planet but, whilst there are many theories, the exact mechanisms behind these natural light shows, and why some volcanoes see more lightning than others, are a mystery.

Physics - 12.09.2013
Superheavy elements fingerprinted as new element is discovered
A technique developed to identify a new rare element can now be used to 'fingerprint' and identify other rare elements in the future. The international team of researchers, led by Sweden's Lund University, and including nuclear physicists from the University of Liverpool, funded by the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), have confirmed the existence of an extremely rare 'superheavy' element that was first proposed by Russian researchers in 2004, but had not been proven.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 04.09.2013
Mysterious alignment of ghostly stars discovered
Mysterious alignment of ghostly stars discovered
04 Sep 2013 Astronomers have used the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope and ESO's New Technology Telescope to explore more than 100 planetary nebulae in the central bulge of our galaxy. They have found that butterfly-shaped members of this cosmic family tend to be mysteriously aligned — a surprising result given their different histories and varied properties.

Life Sciences - Physics - 04.09.2013
Queen Mary scientists uncover genetic similarities between bats and dolphins
The evolution of similar traits in different species, a process known as convergent evolution, is widespread not only at the physical level, but also at the genetic level, according to new research led by scientists at Queen Mary University of London and published in Nature this week. The scientists investigated the genomic basis for echolocation, one of the most well-known examples of convergent evolution to examine the frequency of the process at a genomic level.

Chemistry - Physics - 07.08.2013
Electron ’spin’ key to solar cell breakthrough
We should see new materials and solar cells that make use of this very soon Akshay Rao Organic solar cells, a new class of solar cell that mimics the natural process of plant photosynthesis, could revolutionise renewable energy - but currently lack the efficiency to compete with the more costly commercial silicon cells.

Physics - 04.08.2013
Cosmic factory for making building blocks of life
Cosmic factory for making building blocks of life
Scientists have discovered a 'cosmic factory' for producing the building blocks of life, amino acids, according to research. The team from Imperial College London, the University of Kent and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have discovered that when icy comets collide into a planet, amino acids can be produced.

Physics - Chemistry - 29.07.2013
Corkscrew shaped light could improve screens and fibre optics
Corkscrew shaped light could improve screens and fibre optics
Next generation screens could slash energy use in TVs, mobiles and tablet PCs following new research on molecules that emit and detect twisted light. Brightly lit displays are a big drain on the energy supplies of mobile devices. Current technologies, such as backlit LCD screens, produce text and images by streaming white light through a series of polarising and colour filters, a process that typically wastes over 75 per cent of the light.

Health - Physics - 24.07.2013
Clearest new pictures of immune cells
Clearest new pictures of immune cells
24 Jul 2013 Scientists from The University of Manchester have revealed new images which provide the clearest picture yet of how white blood immune cells attack viral infections and tumours. They show how the cells, which are responsible for fighting infections and cancer in the human body, change the organisation of their surface molecules, when activated by a type of protein found on viral-infected or tumour cells.

Physics - 19.07.2013
Scientists confirm neutrinos shift between three interchangeable types
Scientists confirm neutrinos shift between three interchangeable types
New research has shown that subatomic particles called neutrinos have a previously unseen identity-shifting property. The results confirm early indications that neutrinos change between different types, or oscillate, in three ways where they had previously only been seen oscillating in two ways. Scientists from the T2K collaboration, which involves Dr Yoshi Uchida and Dr Morgan Wascko from Imperial's Department of Physics, made the announcement at a meeting of the European Physical Society in Stockholm, today.

Physics - 12.07.2013
Link between quantum physics and game theory found
A deep link between two seemingly unconnected areas of modern science has been discovered by researchers from the Universities of Bristol and Geneva. While research tends to become very specialized and entire communities of scientists can work on specific topics with only a little overlap between them, physicist Dr Nicolas Brunner and mathematician Professor Noah Linden worked together to uncover a deep and unexpected connection between their two fields of expertise: game theory and quantum physics.

Chemistry - Physics - 08.07.2013
Scientists solve titanic puzzle of popular photocatalyst
Scientists solve titanic puzzle of popular photocatalyst
A breakthrough in our understanding of the properties of titania (titanium dioxide) - the basis of self-cleaning window technology - has been made by scientists at UCL, uncovering a decades old misunderstanding that has clouded our knowledge of how mixed phase titania catalysts operate. By carrying out cutting-edge computational simulations alongside precise experimental measurements of physical samples of the mineral, scientists at UCL found that the widely accepted explanation for how mixed phase titania catalysts operate was misguided.

Physics - 04.07.2013
Funding boost for new study into arthritis pain
The University of Nottingham and University College London have received a grant of 800,000 from Arthritis Research UK to develop new treatments for severe arthritis pain. Millions of people around the world suffer with arthritis, a form of joint disorder that involves painful inflammation and stiffness of one or more joints.

Physics - 01.07.2013
Major European grant for exploration of quantum matter
A University of Nottingham physicist has won a prestigious 1.5 million European grant for a major new research project to increase our understanding of quantum matter and pave the way for future technologies and materials to be developed. Dr Igor Lesanovsky , Associate Professor and Reader in the School of Physics , has been awarded a European Research Council (ERC) Starting Grant which supports up-and-coming research leaders who want to establish their own team for independent research in Europe.

Chemistry - Physics - 29.06.2013
The quantum secret to alcohol reactions in space
Chemists have discovered that an 'impossible' reaction at cold temperatures actually occurs with vigour, which could change our understanding of how alcohols are formed and destroyed in space. To explain the impossible, the researchers propose that a quantum mechanical phenomenon, known as ‘quantum tunnelling’, is revving up the chemical reaction.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 28.06.2013
Survivor of stellar collision is new type of pulsating star
A team of astronomers from the UK, Germany and Spain have observed the remnant of a stellar collision and discovered that its brightness varies in a way not seen before on this rare type of star. By analysing the patterns in these brightness variations, astronomers will learn what really happens when stars collide.

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