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Life Sciences - Chemistry - 28.10.2013
Proteins in their natural habitat
Proteins in their natural habitat
Proteins which reside in the membrane of cells play a key role in many biological processes and provide targets for more than half of current drug treatments. These membrane proteins are notoriously difficult to study in their natural environment, but scientists at the University of Oxford have now developed a technique to do just that, combining the use of sophisticated nanodiscs and mass spectrometers.

Environment - Life Sciences - 28.10.2013
Study of Brazilian Amazon shows 50,000 km of road was built in just three years
Study of Brazilian Amazon shows 50,000 km of road was built in just three years
Nearly 17,000 kilometres of road were built in the Brazilian Amazon rainforest every year between 2004 and 2007. Although road-building is a major contributor to deforestation and habitat loss, the way in which road networks develop is still poorly understood. A new study is among the first to measure the number of roads built in a rainforest ecosystem over an extended period of time.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.10.2013
Dopamine dysfunction is not the main cause of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Research suggests that the main cause of the disorder may lie instead in structural differences in the grey matter in the brain. These findings question the previously accepted view that major abnormalities in dopamine function are the main cause of ADHD in adult patients. Professor Trevor Robbins A new Cambridge study questions previous suggestions that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the result of fundamental abnormalities in dopamine transmission, and suggests that the main cause of the disorder may lie instead in structural differences in the grey matter in the brain.

Health - 28.10.2013
Aggressive treatment of psoriatic arthritis results in ’significant’ improvement, says new research
People with a type of arthritis affecting the skin and joints respond significantly better to early, aggressive drug treatment compared to standard care, according to preliminary results presented by a University of Leeds lecturer to a major US conference. Dr Philip Helliwell, who is leading an Arthritis Research UK-funded multi-centre clinical trial into psoriatic arthritis, revealed today (Monday October 28) at the prestigious American College of Rheumatology Congress in San Diego that patients benefited from a rapid escalation of medication.

Computer Science - Law - 28.10.2013
Mobile phone use may pose significant security risks for companies
New research suggests that companies are leaving themselves open to potentially serious security and legal risks by employees' improper use of corporate mobile devices. Experts from the University of Glasgow looked at a sample of mobile phones returned by the employees from one Fortune 500 company and found that they were able to retrieve large amounts of sensitive corporate and personal information.

Physics - Chemistry - 28.10.2013
New material for quantum computing discovered out of the blue
New material for quantum computing discovered out of the blue
A common blue pigment used in the 5 note could have an important role to play in the development of a quantum computer, according to a paper published today in the journal Nature . The pigment, copper phthalocyanine (CuPc), which is similar to the light harvesting section of the chlorophyll molecule, is a low-cost organic semiconductor that is found in many household products.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 28.10.2013
Reading ancient climate from plankton shells
Climate changes from millions of years ago are recorded at daily rate in ancient sea shells, new research shows. For slow-growing plankton it opens the way to seeing seasonal variations in ocean temperatures Simon Redfern A huge X-ray microscope has revealed growth bands in plankton shells that show how shell chemistry records the sea temperature.

Life Sciences - 28.10.2013
Smart neurons: single dendrites can perform computations
Smart neurons: single dendrites can perform computations
When you look at the hands of a clock or the streets on a map, your brain is effortlessly performing computations that tell you about the orientation of these objects. New research by UCL scientists has shown that these computations can be carried out by the microscopic branches of neurons known as dendrites, which are the receiving elements of neurons.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.10.2013
New Alzheimer’s risk genes discovered in record study
In the largest ever study of its kind, an international collaboration of scientists, jointly led by Cardiff, has uncovered 11 new susceptibility genes linked with Alzheimer's disease. This major breakthrough will significantly advance scientists' knowledge of Alzheimer's. It throws open new research avenues and enables a better understanding of the disease's disordered functional processes.

Physics - Mathematics - 25.10.2013
Scientists identify a mathematical 'crystal ball' that may predict calamities
Scientists identify a mathematical ’crystal ball’ that may predict calamities
Scientists identify a mathematical 'crystal ball' that may predict calamities Neuroscientists have come up with a mathematical equation that may help predict calamities such as financial crashes in economic systems and epileptic seizures in the brain. The University of Sussex-led study, published this week (24 October 2013) in Physics Review Letters , could have far-reaching implications.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 25.10.2013
Novel genetic mutations cause low metabolic rate and obesity
Researchers believe the gene could be a useful therapeutic target for treating obesity and type 2 diabetes In the future, modulation of KSR2 may represent a useful therapeutic strategy for obesity and type 2 diabetes Sadaf Farooqi Researchers from the University of Cambridge have discovered a novel genetic cause of severe obesity which, although relatively rare, demonstrates for the first time that genes can reduce basal metabolic rate - how the body burns calories.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.10.2013
HAEMCODE: an online web tool contributes to research into blood cells
A community science initiative - HAEMCODE - has been welcomed for its contribution to our understanding of blood cells and ultimately, to the development of better treatments for leukaemia.

Health - 24.10.2013
GPs prescribe antibiotics patients don’t want
GPs are relying too heavily on incorrect assumptions about patient needs when prescribing antibiotics, according to a Europe-wide study published today by Cardiff and the University of Antwerp. Research shows that recovery time for patients who receive antibiotics treatment for an acute cough is equal to that of patients who receive no antibiotics at all.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 24.10.2013
New research gives insight into how “Living Stones” adapt to extreme conditions
Research by scientists at the University of Sheffield has given new insight on how some plants adapt to extreme conditions which could help in the future development of efficient crops. The study was carried out on plants native to southern Africa known as "Living Stones", or Lithops. These little succulents survive in the blazing deserts and rocky ground of southern Africa by blending in with surrounding pebbles to avoid being eaten and by burying themselves underground.

Life Sciences - Health - 24.10.2013
Brain imaging may pinpoint loss of perception under anaesthetic
Oxford University researchers have shown that measuring a type of brain activity in an individual under anaesthetic offers the clearest picture yet of degrees of perceptual awareness in the brain while they are anaesthetised. The research could lead to the first personalised method for administering appropriate doses of anaesthetic during operations and potentially reduce the risks associated with being under a general anaesthetic.

Life Sciences - 23.10.2013
Plants tell the time
Plants use sugars to tell the time of day, according to research published in Nature today. Our research shows that sugar levels within a plant play a vital role in synchronizing circadian rhythms with its surrounding environment Alex Webb Plants, like animals, have a 24 hour 'body-clock' known as the circadian rhythm.

Psychology - 23.10.2013
New research supports theory that women are better multi-taskers
New research from a team of psychologists supports the popular perception that women are better at multitasking than men. Although many people believe that women are better than men at carrying out multiple tasks at the same time, the amount of research carried out to test the hypothesis is extremely limited.

Health - Chemistry - 23.10.2013
Insights into how TB tricks the immune system could help combat the disease
Insights into how TB tricks the immune system could help combat the disease
Researchers have identified a potential way to manipulate the immune system to improve its ability to fight off tuberculosis (TB). TB is a major problem for both humans and cattle and the new findings could help scientists to create better drugs to combat the disease in both. The disease is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which infects the lungs.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.10.2013
Scientists step towards improved diagnostic test for TB
Scientists step towards improved diagnostic test for TB
Scientists have discovered a signature of tuberculosis that can be detected in patients' blood, paving the way for an improved diagnostic test. Tuberculosis (TB) is curable and preventable, but according to the World Health Organization, 1.4 million people died from the disease in 2011, 95 per cent of them in lowand middle-income countries.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 22.10.2013
Plant scientists have been studying wrong plant
Scientists have misunderstood one of the most fundamental processes in the life of plants because they have been looking at the wrong flower, according to University of Leeds researchers. Arabidopsis thaliana —also known as thale cress or mouse-ear cress—grows abundantly in cracks in pavements all over Europe and Asia, but the small white flower leads a second life as the lab rat of the plant world.
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