news 2011


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Results 81 - 100 of 597.

Health - Psychology - 09.11.2011
Coming through cancer... together
PA 350/11 The role that emotional support plays in helping a patient in their fight against breast cancer is to be examined as part of a year-long research project at The University of Nottingham. Second-year applied psychology PhD student Prema Nirgude is recruiting people who have overcome the illness, and their partners, to talk about how they coped following the diagnosis and supported one another during treatment.

Life Sciences - Health - 09.11.2011
Re-training the brain
People experiencing the early signs of Parkinson's disease could see their symptoms improved through a process of regulating and re-training how their brains respond to certain activities and actions, new University research has uncovered. Experts from the University's MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics & Genomics and School of Psychology, in a paper published in The Journal of Neuroscience , used real-time brain imaging to identify how people with Parkinson's disease react to their own brain responses.

Economics - 09.11.2011
Declining power of celebrity backing for good causes
Declining power of celebrity backing for good causes
Celebrity endorsement of charities and NGOs may not quite have the pulling power it once had, according to new research by a University of Manchester academic. Daniel Brockington says the proportion of newspapers stories about charities which mention celebrity have been declining over recent years. Other research on the use of celebrity in the US, he says, shows that even the highest profile figures can fail to get the causes they advocate prominently reported in the news.

Health - 07.11.2011
Preventing prostate cancer death
Combining radiotherapy and hormone therapy in patients with prostate cancer significantly improves men's survival compared with hormone therapy treatment alone. Results from a large study led by the NCIC Clinical Trials Group located at Queen's University in Kingston, Canada in collaboration with the UK Medical Research Council (MRC) and Cardiff have just been published in The Lancet .

Health - Life Sciences - 07.11.2011
HIV study identifies key cellular defence mechanism
HIV study identifies key cellular defence mechanism
Scientists have moved a step closer to understanding how one of our body's own proteins helps stop the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) in its tracks. The study, carried out by researchers at The University of Manchester and the Medical Research Council's National Institute for Medical Research and published in Nature , provides a blueprint for the design of new drugs to treat HIV infection, say the researchers.

Pedagogy - 06.11.2011
Fathers asked 'How do you feel about having a baby '
Fathers asked ’How do you feel about having a baby ’
For the first time, researchers from Oxford University will work with NCT, the UK's largest charity for parents, to conduct an academic study into how fathers feel about the new baby, both before and after the birth. The study, funded by the British Academy, will focus in particular on the bonding process between new fathers and their babies.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.11.2011
Brain parasite directly alters brain chemistry
Research shows infection by the brain parasite Toxoplasma gondii, found in 10-20 per cent of the UK's population, directly affects the production of dopamine, a key chemical messenger in the brain. Findings from the University of Leeds research group are the first to demonstrate that a parasite found in the brain of mammals can affect dopamine levels.

History / Archeology - Health - 02.11.2011
'Earliest modern humans' in Europe identified by Oxford researchers
'Earliest modern humans' in Europe identified by Oxford researchers
Oxford University researchers have provided important new radiocarbon dates for two milk teeth and a jawbone, which shed new light on when the first modern humans arrived in Europe. In the first of the two separate research projects Katerina Douka was part of an international research team re-examining two infant teeth excavated from a prehistoric cave in Italy.

Social Sciences - Economics - 02.11.2011
Half of British workforce ill-treated
Half of British workforce ill-treated
One million Britons experienced workplace violence in the last two years, while millions more were subjected to intimidation, humiliation and rudeness, new research has shown. Surprisingly, managers and professionals in well-paid full-time jobs are among the groups most at risk. The study also shows that conventional employment policies are failing to deal with workplace ill-treatment.

Physics - Computer Science - 02.11.2011
Solving Einstein’s theory
Solving Einstein’s theory
A team of University researchers will get their hands on some of Europe's fastest supercomputers in a bid to crack Einstein's theory of relativity and help describe what happens when two black holes collide. Experts in gravitational waves from the School of Physics and Astronomy have secured almost 16.7 million hours worth of supercomputer time to simulate and map the most violent events in the universe since the big bang - namely, collisions of black holes.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.11.2011
Cellular repair could reduce premature ageing
Cellular repair could reduce premature ageing
Cellular repair could reduce premature ageing Researchers have identified a potential drug therapy for a premature ageing disease that affects children causing them to age up to eight times as fast as the usual rate. The study is the first to outline how to limit and repair DNA damage defects in cells and could provide a model for understanding processes that cause us to age.

Environment - Life Sciences - 01.11.2011
Roads are detrimental to Europe’s protected bats
New study suggests major roads significantly reduce bat numbers, activity and diversity - raising serious issues for how road construction projects mitigate their impact on these protected species. The findings - published today in the Journal of Applied Ecology - show that the negative impact of a major road stretches a considerable distance, with bat activity three times lower at the roadside than 1.6km away.

Life Sciences - 01.11.2011
’Zombie’ worms found in Mediterranean fossil
Traces of bizarre, bone-eating 'zombie' worms have been found on a three million year old fossil whale bone from Tuscany in Italy. It is the first time the genus Osedax has been found in the Mediterranean, and suggests Osedax were widespread throughout the world's oceans 6 million years ago. The new find, published in the journal Historical Biology, confirms what scientists have long suspected - that Osedax were likely responsible for erasing parts of the fossil record by destroying bones before they could become fossils.

Computer Science - Health - 01.11.2011
Could social media be used to detect disease outbreaks?
Could social media be used to detect disease outbreaks?
New research has looked at whether social media could be used to track an event or phenomenon, such as flu outbreaks and rainfall rates. The study by academics at the University of Bristol's Intelligent Systems Laboratory is published online in ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology .

Health - Computer Science - 31.10.2011
Computer-based tool to improve diagnosis and prognosis for cancer patients
PA 336/11 A computer-based tool could help GPs to speed up the diagnosis and treatment of patients suffering from two of the most common forms of cancer, potentially saving thousands of lives every year. Researchers at The University of Nottingham and ClinRisk Ltd have shown that the algorithm is successful in identifying those suffering with gastro-oesophageal cancer and lung cancer at an earlier stage by 'red-flagging' potentially worrying combinations of symptoms and risk factors.

Life Sciences - Health - 31.10.2011
Researchers in ’most powerful genetic studies of psychosis to date’
Two genome wide studies involving more than 50,000 participants have identified new genetic risk factors for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. The research was conducted by over 250 scientists from more than 20 countries - one of the largest collaborative efforts in psychiatry to date. The results of the Psychiatric Genome-Wide Association Study (GWAS) Consortium were published in two research papers in the October .

Life Sciences - 31.10.2011
Targeting leg fatigue in heart failure
Doctors should not only treat the heart muscle in chronic heart failure patients, but also their leg muscles through exercise, say researchers in a major new study. Heart failure causes breathlessness and fatigue that severely limits normal daily activities such as walking. The University of Leeds research team has, for the first time, shown that leg muscle dysfunction is related to the severity of symptoms in heart failure patients.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.10.2011
Aspirin cuts cancer rates in people with hereditary risk by more than half
Aspirin cuts cancer rates in people with hereditary risk by more than half
Research has finally provided proof that a regular dose of aspirin reduces the long-term risk of cancer in people with a family history of the disease by around 60 per cent. The international collaboration, including researchers at the Universities of Leeds and Newcastle, reveals that the benefits only become obvious several years after taking the aspirin.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.10.2011
Scientists gain new insight into genetic structure of flesh-eating parasite
Scientists from the University of Glasgow have made a major step towards understanding the genetic make-up of a parasite which causes the flesh-eating disease leishmaniasis. The disease is spread by sand flies and threatens about 350 million people in 88 countries, including Brazil, Iran, Peru, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Afghanistan and parts of China.

Veterinary - Economics - 26.10.2011
Bovine TB testing under scrutiny
Bovine TB testing under scrutiny
Planned changes to the way vets are allowed to conduct TB tests could have a dramatic impact on rural veterinary practices and fail to address quality control issues surrounding tests for bovine tuberculosis, University research has found. The Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA) recently announced their intention to require veterinary practices in England to competitively tender for TB tests in specific geographical areas.