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Results 41 - 60 of 606.


Health - Life Sciences - 07.12.2010
Forget your previous conceptions about memory
Forget your previous conceptions about memory
Research may shed light on why dementia sufferers have memory difficulties. Memory difficulties such as those seen in dementia may arise because the brain forms incomplete memories that are more easily confused, new research from the University of Cambridge has found. The findings are published today .

Health - 07.12.2010
Daily aspirin at low doses reduces cancer deaths
Daily aspirin at low doses reduces cancer deaths
Health 07 Dec 10 A daily low dose of aspirin significantly reduces the number of deaths from a whole range of common cancers, an Oxford University study has found. The 20% drop in all cancer deaths seen in the study adds new evidence to the debate about whether otherwise healthy people in their 40s and 50s should consider taking a low dose of aspirin each day.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.12.2010
Scientists shed light on blood flow problems in dementia
Scientists shed light on blood flow problems in dementia
Press release issued 6 December 2010 Scientists in Bristol have uncovered some of the processes responsible for the blood flow problems connected with Alzheimer's disease. Their findings could see existing drugs used for leaky blood vessels trialled as potential Alzheimer's treatments. Researchers at the University of Bristol's Dementia Research Group supported by the Alzheimer's Research Trust , the UK's leading dementia research charity, investigated problems with the function of blood vessels in the brains of people with Alzheimer's ' a known feature of the disease.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.12.2010
Seeing the world differently
Seeing the world differently
Scientists have shown for the first time that exactly how we see our environment depends on the size of the visual part of our brain. We are all familiar with the idea that our thoughts and emotions differ from one person to another, but most people assume that how we perceive the visual world is usually very similar from person to person.

Health - 06.12.2010
New possibility of reversing damage caused by MS
New possibility of reversing damage caused by MS
Damage caused by multiple sclerosis could be reversed by activating stem cells that can repair injury in the central nervous system, a study has shown. Researchers from the Universities of Cambridge and Edinburgh have identified a mechanism essential for regenerating insulating layers - known as myelin sheaths - that protect nerve fibres in the brain.

Health - Pedagogy - 06.12.2010
Breaking down barriers in child mental health
PA345 /10 Parents face many barriers in seeking help for their child's mental health problems, according to new research led by experts in psychiatry at The University of Nottingham. The study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry found that parents are often deterred from asking for professional help for their child because of embarrassment, stigma and the fear of their child being 'labelled'.

Health - Chemistry - 06.12.2010
Potential role for vitamin B1 in preventing heart problems in people with diabetes
Potential role for vitamin B1 in preventing heart problems in people with diabetes
A dietary supplement of the synthetic derivative of vitamin B1 has the potential to prevent heart disease caused by diabetes, according to new research from the University of Bristol, funded by Diabetes UK. Vitamin B1 may help the body to dispose of toxins and therefore protect cells of the heart from becoming damaged.

Physics - Chemistry - 03.12.2010
New theory on the origin of water on Earth
A new theory on the source of terrestrial water has been validated by an international team led by Professor Nora de Leeuw (UCL Chemistry) using computational research. Below Professor de Leeuw describes the implications of the breakthrough. ?The origin of water on our planet is not only of interest for our understanding of the evolution of our own planet and life thereon, but even more so for the increasing exploration of other planets within our solar system and the discovery of potential planetary systems in other galaxies.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.12.2010
New brain imaging tests to track Huntingdon s
New brain imaging tests to track Huntingdon s
A range of new clinical, functional, and neuroimaging tests developed by researchers at UCL make it possible to track the progression of Huntington's disease long before noticeable symptoms appear. The new tests provide useful biomarkers that could be used in future trials to detect the effectiveness of potential disease-modifying treatments within a short time period.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 01.12.2010
Novel approach to chronic pain relief
Novel approach to chronic pain relief
An international team of scientists have found what they believe could be a novel approach to more effective, targeted relief of chronic pain caused by nerve injuries. Previously, scientists have been able to show that a protein molecule known as PKM zeta is required to store memories. In the case of chronic pain, there is a malfunctioning in the neural process that stores those memories, which prevents the brain from adapting the subsequent behavioural response which would ordinarily allow it to cope with the pain.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.12.2010
More fruit and veg unlikely to protect against cancer
More fruit and veg unlikely to protect against cancer
Health 01 Dec 10 There is no convincing evidence that eating more fruit and vegetables can reduce chances of developing cancer, although they are important for maintaining a healthy diet. That's the conclusion of a review by an Oxford University scientist that looked at a decade of evidence on the links between fruit and vegetables and the development of cancer.

Environment - Economics - 01.12.2010
Developed world at risk of forgetting about AIDS pandemic
Developed world at risk of forgetting about AIDS pandemic
While in the early 1990s, an average of 1.5 articles linked to HIV/AIDS could be found in every issue of the main broadsheet newspapers, levels of coverage have dropped to below 0.5 articles per newspaper issue since 2008. Coverage in French and US-based newspapers has decreased particularly dramatically during this period.

Psychology - History / Archeology - 01.12.2010
Looking inside the minds of humans and other animals
Looking inside the minds of humans and other animals
Plants don't think - but animals do. The difference between the thoughts of humans and the thoughts of other animals - and whether we will ever be able to find out exactly what they are - will be the topic of a public lecture given this evening by a Cambridge philosopher. While scientists spend their time in laboratories, philosophers spend their time thinking.

Psychology - 30.11.2010
Motorcycle simulator gives new clues to road safety
PA 332/10 New research using a world leading motorcycle simulator to analyse rider behaviour has proved that safer doesn't necessarily mean slower and that formal advanced training for bikers can demonstrate improved safety on our roads. The study was carried out by researchers at The University of Nottingham's Centre for Motorcycle Ergonomics & Rider Human Factors.

Chemistry - Economics - 29.11.2010
Breakthrough in the search for high quality fuels from inexpensive biomass
PA 331/10 Chemical engineering experts at The University of Nottingham have helped a team of international researchers find a way of producing inexpensive renewable liquid fuel out of low grade oils made from renewable products such as farm waste and wood chips. The process, using a unique integrated catalytic process, could open the door to a chemical industry based on renewable biomass feedstock.

Health - Life Sciences - 29.11.2010
Crucial sex hormones re-routed by missing molecule
Crucial sex hormones re-routed by missing molecule
A hormone responsible for the onset of puberty can end up stuck in the wrong part of the body if the nerve pathways responsible for its transport to the brain fail to develop properly, according to new research led by UCL scientists.

Health - Life Sciences - 29.11.2010
Scientists find gene linked to male birth defect
King's College London, in collaboration with Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre in The Netherlands, has discovered a new gene associated with hypospadias, the congenital malformation of the male genitalia. The research was published yesterday . It was previously known that genetics play a part in developing the condition, with five per cent of patients having an affected male relative, but the genes involved were unknown.

Life Sciences - Environment - 29.11.2010
Adventures in a sea of noise
Adventures in a sea of noise
In 1953, Captain Jacques-Yves Cousteau published his groundbreaking book The Silent World , which has since sold five million copies and captured the imagination of generations of armchair adventurers. While breathtaking in its pioneering approach and imagery, it fell short on one minor detail: the underwater world is anything but silent.

Environment - 29.11.2010
Getting the measure of poverty
Getting the measure of poverty
May 2010 saw the launch of the largest-ever research project on Poverty and Social Exclusion in the UK. Professor David Gordon, Director of the Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research , describes the scope and background of this new study, which it is hoped will make a major contribution to tackling the problems of poverty and deprivation in 21st-century Britain.

Physics - 29.11.2010
Scientists put a new spin on nanotechnology
Scientists put a new spin on nanotechnology
Allowing them to examine the precise configuration of this important nanomaterial. Scientists from the University of Leeds, the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council's Rutherford Appleton Laboratory say the breakthrough will allow them to study in much greater detail a scientific phenomenon known as 'magnetic monopoles', which are thought to exist in such structures.