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Health - Pharmacology - 11.04.2019
Bristol part of 20.8M study to drive drug discovery for atopic dermatitis and psoriasis
Bristol part of 20.8M study to drive drug discovery for atopic dermatitis and psoriasis
The lives of patients affected by atopic dermatitis and psoriasis could be improved thanks to the start of an EU-funded research project BIOMAP (Biomarkers in Atopic Dermatitis and Psoriasis). The five-year project will address key unmet needs in treating these common inflammatory skin conditions by analysing data from more than 50 000 patients to improve disease understanding, patient care and future therapies.

Health - 11.04.2019
Healthy diet in pregnancy significantly reduces risk of having a small baby
A healthy diet in pregnancy significantly lowers the risk of giving birth to a small baby, finds a new study carried out in South Wales.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.04.2019
Investigating police decision making under stress using EEG in virtual reality
An investigation into how authorised firearms police officers (AFOs) make decisions in high stress situations is being carried out by researchers from the University of Nottingham and Aston University in partnership with Durham Constabulary and Cleveland Police. The investigation is using EEG equipment and high stress scenarios in Virtual Reality to test the brain activity of police officers when having to make decisions around using tasers and firearms.

Administration - 11.04.2019
Devolving benefits could be positive for Welsh budget, according to report
Giving Wales the same powers over benefits as Scotland could boost the Welsh budget by 200m a year, according to new research from Cardiff University's Wales Governance Centre. The finding is revealed in a report which examines how Wales' finances could be affected if the Welsh Government was given the same control over welfare as the Scottish Government.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 10.04.2019
Active lifestyles may help nerves to heal after spinal injuries
Active lifestyles may help nerves to heal after spinal injuries
Leading an active lifestyle may increase the likelihood of damaged nerves regenerating after a spinal cord injury. The early-stage findings , published in the journal Science Translational Medicine , come from studies in mice and rats with spinal cord injuries, in which scientists uncovered a mechanism for nerve fibres repairing after they had been damaged.

Physics - Materials Science - 10.04.2019
Wonder material: individual 2D phosphorene nanoribbons made for the first time
Wonder material: individual 2D phosphorene nanoribbons made for the first time
Tiny, individual, flexible ribbons of crystalline phosphorus have been made and measured an international collaboration, in a world first, and they could revolutionise electronics and fast-charging battery technology. Since the isolation of 2-dimensional phosphorene (the phosphorus equivalent of graphene) in 2014, more than 100 theoretical studies have predicted that new and exciting and properties could emerge by producing narrow ‘ribbons' of this material.

Health - 10.04.2019
Middle-aged men with multimorbidity at greatest risk of death
Multimorbidity - the presence of two or more long-term health conditions - has a greater impact on risk of all causes of death in middle aged men, as opposed to older populations, according to new research. The study, led by the University of Glasgow and published today in BMC Medicine , also found that multimorbidity is associated with a higher risk of death from cancer, vascular conditions and all causes of death - even after accounting for lifestyle or demographic factors.

Health - 09.04.2019
Hepatitis C could be prevented worldwide by reducing transmission in people who inject drugs
Stepping up efforts to prevent transmission of hepatitis C among people who inject drugs, could reduce future infections by 43 per cent globally, according to a study by researchers at the University of Bristol published in the Lancet Gastroenterology and Hepatology today [Tuesday 9 April 2019]. Hepatitis C is a virus that is passed on through blood exposure and results in liver disease.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 09.04.2019
Tracking the sources of plastic pollution
Plastic pollution in the world's oceans is now widely recognised as a major global challenge - but we still know very little about how these plastics are actually reaching the sea. A new global initiative, led by the University of Birmingham shows how focussing on rivers and river mouths can yield vital clues about how we might manage this plastic crisis.

Religions - 08.04.2019
More than 900 reports of potential modern slavery in hand car washes recorded through app
Drivers using a pioneering app to gather information on modern slavery in hand car washes made more than 900 reports of potential cases over a five-month period, according to research published today. The Safe Car Wash app, which allows drivers to respond to a check list of key factors that may suggest modern slavery or labour exploitation in hand car washes, has been downloaded 8,225 times since its launch by the Church of England and the Catholic Church in England and Wales last year.

Chemistry - 08.04.2019
Should the Periodic Table be upside down? - turning it through 180 degrees for a new perspective
Could turning the periodic table on its head make some important aspects easier to understand and enthuse more people to study chemistry? This question is posed in an article published today by chemists and psychologists at the University of Nottingham and Manchester and Liverpool universities. 2019 marks the 150 th anniversary of the first publication of Mendeleev's periodic table, which has become the accepted way of arranging the elements and of predicting new ones - but is there a better way of presenting this information for a new and in particular a young audience?

Environment - Palaeontology - 08.04.2019
Earth's recovery from mass extinction could take millions of years
Earth’s recovery from mass extinction could take millions of years
How long will it take our biosphere to recover from the current climate crisis' It's a question that makes for a sobering examination of Earth's ongoing destruction. It's to the past, specifically the fossils of a tiny species that went out with the dinosaurs, that scientists have turned for the answer.

Health - 08.04.2019
People under 40 diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes face excess risk of heart disease
People under age 40 diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes are more likely to have or die from cardiovascular disease than people of a similar age who do not have Type 2 diabetes. In new research led by the University of Glasgow, the excess cardiovascular risks were more pronounced in younger women with Type 2 diabetes and excess risk significantly decreased in those who develop diabetes much later in life.

Social Sciences - Health - 08.04.2019
Bristol families continue to give the world unique health information
Bristol families continue to give the world unique health information
Bristol's world-renowned Children of the 90s generational health study reached a landmark this week with a first look at new mums and their children in its 2000th published paper. Children of the 90s has been collecting health data from families since the early 1990s, including for the last six years, recruiting the next generation - the Children of the Children of the 90s (COCO90s).

Health - 05.04.2019
Finds screen time - even before bed - has little impact on teen wellbeing
Research by Oxford University academics has found little evidence of a relationship between screen time and wellbeing in adolescents. Based on data from more than 17,000 teenagers, the study casts doubt on the widely accepted notion that spending time online, gaming or watching TV, especially before bedtime, can damage young people's mental health.

Pharmacology - Health - 05.04.2019
New target for development of drugs to fight viruses
Researchers at Cardiff University have discovered that a molecule responsible for guiding virus-killing T-cells to the site of infection is also responsible for rapidly increasing T-cell numbers to fight infection, making it an important new target for the development of more effective drugs to treat both viruses and cancers.

Environment - Music - 05.04.2019
Music consumption has unintended economic and environmental costs
Music consumption has unintended economic and environmental costs, according to new research published today (Monday 8 April 2019) in the run-up to worldwide Record Store Day. The price consumers have been willing to pay for listening to recorded music has never been lower, while the environmental impact of listening to music has never been higher, researchers have found.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 04.04.2019
Scientists fine-tune signalling pathways to tweak responses to stimuli in yeast
Scientists fine-tune signalling pathways to tweak responses to stimuli in yeast
Imperial academics have streamlined a signalling pathway in yeast to understand how cell sensing can be tuned by changing protein levels. The research , published in Cell , could eventually help us understand drug side effects in humans, and has immediate implications for biotechnology research. G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are proteins which let cells detect chemical substances like hormones, poisons, and drugs in their environment.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 04.04.2019
Care home study will assess if exercising while seated improves the health of frail older adults
Volunteer residents at a care home are taking part in a new University of Birmingham study aimed at assessing whether exercising while seated can improve the health and well-being of frail older adults. The study, called Keeping Active in Residential Elderly (KARE), is being conducted by the Physical Activity and Nutritional INfluences In ageing (PANINI) project research group at the University of Birmingham.

Health - 04.04.2019
Researchers uncover new cause of abdominal aortic aneurysm
Researchers have discovered that a family of lipids (fats) contribute to the development of a serious aortic disease, by driving clotting in the blood vessel wall. The findings could lead to the development of new treatments for this potentially life threatening condition. The team, led by researchers at Cardiff University, in collaboration with colleagues at Oxford and Erlangen, discovered that the lipids, called eoxPL, promote the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) - a disease of the aorta where inflammation causes damage and can ultimately lead to rupture.
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