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Astronomy / Space - Physics - 27.03.2024
’Cosmic Cannibals’ expel jets into space at 40% speed of light
Astronomers including those at the University of Warwick, have observed jets of matter being expelled into space at more than one-third the speed of light. These jets play an important role in the universe, from forming stars to transporting elements deep into space. Jets are produced by many different astronomical objects but studying them is hard, as they are so energetic.

Psychology - Pharmacology - 27.03.2024
People with depression see no immediate change from common GP assessment
People with depression see no immediate change from common GP assessment
But PHQ-9 questionnaire used to monitor primary care patients did reveal benefits across six months A commonly used questionnaire adopted by GPs to monitor the treatment of depression does not provide any immediate benefits to patients, a new study has found. Primary care researchers testing the PHQ-9 assessment, which measures the severity of depression, found it did nothing to improve people's symptoms after 12 weeks.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.03.2024
Risk factors for faster aging in the brain revealed in new study
Researchers from the Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences at the University of Oxford have used data from UK Biobank participants to reveal that diabetes, traffic-related air pollution and alcohol intake are the most harmful out of 15 modifiable risk factors for dementia. The researchers had previously identified a 'weak spot' in the brain, which is a specific network of higher-order regions that not only develop later during adolescence, but also show earlier degeneration in old age.

Health - Veterinary - 27.03.2024
New research from the RVC highlights most common disorders in UK pet guinea pigs
New research from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) has identified the most common conditions in pet guinea pigs in the UK are overgrown nails, ringworm and eye ulcers. Several of these common conditions are linked to sedentary lives in captivity and therefore offer opportunities to reduce their frequency.

Health - Pharmacology - 27.03.2024
Locums and permanent GPs equally safe, study reassures patients
There is no evidence that locum doctors are less clinically competent or practice less safely than permanent doctors, a study in England led by University of Manchester researchers has shown. Some differences in practice and performance of locum and permanent GPs were found, however the researchers suggest they are likely to be shaped by the organisational setting and systems within which they work.

Psychology - Health - 26.03.2024
Measuring emotional 'emptiness' could help manage a potentially life-threatening experience
Measuring emotional ’emptiness’ could help manage a potentially life-threatening experience
Comment: Measuring emotional 'emptiness' could help manage a potentially life-threatening experience Dr Shona Herron (UCL Psychology & Language Sciences) explains the experience of emotional 'emptiness' and how we should measure it in The Conversation. Imagine a hollowness deep in your chest, a vacant space where feelings should be.

Environment - Electroengineering - 26.03.2024
Report reveals what kind of households are the most energy efficient
Smaller and newer homes use less energy than larger, older ones, confirms a new report by UCL researchers that offers unique insights into household energy consumption across the country. The report, published by UCL's Smart Energy Research Lab (SERL), analysed the gas and electricity use of more than 13,000 representative households across Great Britain over two years.

Pharmacology - Health - 26.03.2024
Clinical trial shows rheumatoid arthritis drug could prevent disease
A drug used to treat rheumatoid arthritis could also prevent the disease in individuals deemed to be at risk. Results from a Phase 2b clinical trial, published in The Lancet by a team led by King's College London and involving Birmingham researchers, provides hope for arthritis sufferers after it showed that the biologic drug abatacept reduces progression to this agonising chronic inflammatory disease.

Career - 26.03.2024
’You were the only one, from the beginning, who really talked to me.’
Independent guardians who support young survivors of child trafficking are crucial to their protection, safety and recovery in an increasingly difficult environment, analysis shows. Led by academics at Cardiff University and funded by the Modern Slavery and Human Rights Policy and Evidence Centre (Modern Slavery PEC), the research assesses the Independent Child Trafficking Guardianship (ICTG) service.

Health - 25.03.2024
Surgery video recording practices vary widely across the NHS
The first national study of surgical video across the NHS has revealed that policies and procedures vary significantly. Recording surgical procedures can provide an invaluable tool to train clinical staff, but the policies in place around video recording for training vary hugely from one hospital to the next, a study has found.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.03.2024
Humans pass more viruses to other animals than we catch from them
Humans pass more viruses to other animals than we catch from them
Humans pass on more viruses to domestic and wild animals than we catch from them, according to a major new analysis of viral genomes by UCL researchers. For the new paper published in Nature Ecology & Evolution , the team analysed all publicly available viral genome sequences, to reconstruct where viruses have jumped from one host to infect another vertebrate species.

Health - Computer Science - 25.03.2024
App can help people reduce their alcohol intake
App can help people reduce their alcohol intake
A free smartphone app, Drink Less, can help people who would benefit most from reducing their alcohol consumption to do so successfully, according to a large randomised controlled trial led by UCL researchers. The study, published in eClinicalMedicine funded by the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) , found that people randomly recommended to use the Drink Less app reduced their drinking by 39 units a week at six months - two more units a week on average than a control group who were referred to standard NHS advice.

Career - 23.03.2024
Report reveals strong public support for EDI initiatives
Report reveals strong public support for EDI initiatives
Britons are five times more likely to say Equality, Diversity and Inclusion (EDI) initiatives are welcome rather than not, finds new research from UCL, More in Common and University of Oxford. Following a major cross-party policy roundtable hosted at UCL Policy Lab, the report Finding a Balance, shows that EDI initiatives command greater public support when they are rooted in people's everyday experiences.

Astronomy / Space - Environment - 22.03.2024
Water persisted in Mars' Gale crater for longer than previously thought
Water persisted in Mars’ Gale crater for longer than previously thought
Imperial College London and NASA researchers have found signs that water was plentiful in Mars' Gale crater for longer than previously thought. Billions of years ago, Mars was home to abundant water, and its Gale crater contained a lake. Gradually, the climate changed, drying the Red Planet and creating the dusty desert world we know today.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.03.2024
Scientists close in on TB blood test which could detect millions of silent spreaders
Scientists have taken a major step towards developing a blood test that could identify millions of people who spread tuberculosis unknowingly. A breakthrough study has discovered a group of biological markers that are found in high levels among infectious patients. The researchers hope the findings will pave the way for a simple test that can diagnose and stop the spread of the estimated 10 million cases annually.

Health - Pharmacology - 21.03.2024
Kinder test could improve diagnosis of womb cancer
A simple, safe and accurate test that identifies women with womb cancer from a sample taken from the vagina has been developed by clinician scientists from The University of Manchester. The research, published in the journal Ebiomedicine, part of the Lancet Discovery Science, reports that the test has over 95% accuracy in identifying post-menopausal women with cancer as the cause of their bleeding, and is more accurate than current methods.

Physics - Life Sciences - 21.03.2024
High speed protein movies to aid drug design
High speed protein movies to aid drug design
Researchers from the University of Southampton have developed technology to help scientists observe proteins in motion. Understanding how proteins move will allow novel drugs to be designed. X-ray crystallography is a scientific method which produces a 3D picture of molecules with exquisite, atomic-level detail.

Environment - Life Sciences - 21.03.2024
Climate change disrupts vital ecosystems in the Alps
Reduced snow cover and shifting vegetation patterns in the Alps, both driven by climate change, are having major combined impacts on biodiversity and functioning of ecosystems in the high mountains, according to new research published today. Mountain ranges covering vast areas of the world are warming much faster than surrounding lowland areas, triggering huge reductions in snow cover and rapid upward movement of dwarf-shrubs, such as heather.

Health - 21.03.2024
Lower social class throughout life linked to higher risk of cognitive impairment
Lower social class throughout life linked to higher risk of cognitive impairment
People in lower socioeconomic positions throughout their lives have a higher risk of developing mild cognitive impairment by the age of 50, according to a new study led by researchers at UCL. The study, published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health , found that individuals who moved upward or downward in terms of their socioeconomic position were also at a higher risk of impairment compared to those who maintained a constant higher socioeconomic status.

Health - 20.03.2024
New study highlights troubling trends in midlife mortality in the US and UK
A new study by researchers at the Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science (LCDS) and Princeton University reveals that US working-age adults are dying at higher rates than their peers in high-income countries; the UK is also falling behind. The study is published in the International Journal of Epidemiology .
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